Health

A delicious cooking recipe that is ideal for people with dysphagia due to dysphagia

Dysphagia is a medical term used for people who have difficulty swallowing. This is a very common condition, especially in adults. Due to the complexity associated with dysphagia, it is often undiagnosed or can be mistaken for other illnesses. Careful correlation between history acquisition, testing, and clinical symptoms helps physicians reach a diagnosis.

What is dysphagia?

Dysphagia means that it becomes difficult to swallow food and drink. Although it may seem like a simple process, swallowing is a complex activity that involves coordination between the brain and muscles, nerves, esophagus, and valves. Structural or functional impairment of any of these components can lead to dysphagia.

It is important to distinguish dysphagia from occasional choking and difficulty swallowing food due to incomplete chewing or rushing to eat. It may be called dysphagia only if the complaint persists and has its root cause.

Symptoms of dysphagia

Dysphagia can occur in anyone, but it is common in the elderly because it is prone to nervous system disorders such as stroke and Parkinson’s disease. Interference with swallowing interferes with normal food consumption, as affected people tend to avoid eating and drinking to avoid discomfort.

The intensity of discomfort associated with swallowing varies from individual to individual. Some patients may also experience pain while swallowing. Other symptoms of dysphagia are:

● The back of my chest is full of food sensations.
● Food comes back in my mouth.
● Food and water drool.
● Burning sensation in the chest.
● Weight loss of unknown cause.
● Food gets stuck in the pharynx, leading to suffocation.

complications
The sequelae of long-term dysphagia can lead to malnutrition, weight loss, and impaired immune function, which can affect overall health. Persistent complaints of dysphagia, if not managed efficiently, can lead to complications such as choking, dehydration, and malnutrition due to reduced food and fluid intake.

Recurrent pneumonia has also been observed in patients with dysphagia due to infections that result from the transfer of food to the trachea.

How can I treat dysphagia?

Treatment depends on the cause of dysphagia.

● Dysfunctions such as neuropathy and reflux disease can be resolved with appropriate drug administration.
● Esophageal dilatation is performed for structural dysfunction such as esophageal stricture, but surgery is recommended if there is foreign body or tumor growth.
● Plummer Vinson’s syndrome can be treated with iron supplements and may require surgery to remove membranous growth and widen the esophagus.

Apart from this, patients with chronic dysphagia may need to learn swallowing techniques to strengthen muscles and stimulate nerves.

prevention

If either you or your loved one suffers from dysphagia, you may want to choose the following precautions that make it easier to swallow for your neighbors and loved ones:

  1. After eating, sit upright for a while.
  2. Always focus on your diet and avoid talking or laughing during the meal.
  3. If swallowing is difficult, chew a relatively small amount and chew slowly.
  4. Increased fluid intake can be very helpful in patients with dysphagia in solid foods.
  5. It liquefies solid foods to make them easier to swallow.
  6. If you have problems swallowing a thin liquid, it is advisable to use a liquid thickener as advised by your doctor.

Recipes for people with dysphagia

Dysphagia directly affects appetite as a compensatory mechanism for avoiding discomfort. Certain food recipes may be useful in these situations. Recipes are prepared in such a way that you achieve a feeling of fullness and confirm the nutrition you need.

Some people can’t swallow solids, while others aren’t used to liquids. Depending on the condition of your patient, you may fine-tune the recipe for their maximum benefit.

● Butter vegetables
Take fresh green leafy vegetables and cook properly. Blend these with a teaspoon of vegetable oil and bread and serve after reheating the mixture. If you can swallow it comfortably, do not mix the bread.
● Creamy pumpkin pasta
Boil the pasta and pumpkin separately in water for about 15-20 minutes, and at the same time cook the onions and garlic in a frying pan. First, blend the pumpkin and onion, then reheat the same. Then, after draining, add pasta and seasonings such as salt.
● Fruit smoothie
Prepare 1/2 banana, 3-4 strawberries and blueberries, 2 spoons of vanilla yogurt, 1 teaspoon of honey, 1 glass of orange juice and 450 ml of low-fat milk. Thoroughly blend all these ingredients for about 2 minutes, then sift the liquid to remove any solid particles separating the smooth liquid portion.
● Lentil and cauliflower curry
Fry onions, garlic, cumin powder, coriander powder and curry powder in a frying pan. Add cauliflower and cook until tender. Add water as needed. Add lentils, salt and pepper and cook a little more. Then blend the mixture with coconut cream to enhance the taste.
● Abococoa pudding
This incredibly delicious recipe includes blended bananas, ripe avocados, milk and cocoa powder.
● Coconut mango puree
This is one of the easiest recipes for you to try and it will make you more engrossed. Simply blend fresh mango with fresh coconut water or coconut cream and you’re ready to taste.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

  1. What are the possible causes of dysphagia?
    Dysphagia can have a variety of causes, from neuropathy such as Parkinson’s disease and multiple sclerosis to narrowing of the esophagus due to the presence of tumors and strictures. Other causes include Plummer Vinson’s syndrome, esophageal muscle spasms, and valve dysfunction associated with swallowing.
  2. What is the difficulty of swallowing the symptoms?
    Dysphagia can be a symptom of multiple disorders such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), stroke, head trauma, multiple sclerosis, dementia, and even cancer.
  3. How long can I live with dysphagia?
    Living in a condition like dysphagia can be difficult for you and your loved ones. However, it is not possible to give a definite number because it depends on multiple factors such as the cause of dysphagia, age, and the presence or absence of other symptoms. With no complications, even patients with dysphagia can lead a long and healthy life with some care.
  4. What foods should I avoid for dysphagia?
    The foods to avoid for dysphagia depend on the underlying cause and severity of the problem for all patients. However, people who may be suffering from dysphagia should avoid certain foods. These include dried cereals, raw vegetables, seeds, nuts and hard cheese.

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