Anorexia nervosa or anorexia nervosa is a severe psychological condition and one of the most life-threatening eating disorders. People with anorexia nervosa starve themselves and suffer from a strong fear of gaining weight or becoming obese (phobia). Their perception of weight is unrealistic, which focuses them on keeping checking their weight relentlessly. To ensure that they look thin and slender, they tend to make great compromises in their health and quality of life.
More about anorexia nervosa
People with anorexia nervosa weigh about 15% less than their ideal weight. They do whatever they can to control weight gain. They limit their diet, limit the portion of food they consume, and do not eat even if they are hungry.
Others reduce their calorie intake by intentionally vomiting after eating, overusing laxatives, and taking other medications that limit the number of calories. Some people exercise too much to lose weight. But no matter how thin he is, he continues to be afraid of even the idea of gaining weight.
Anorexia nervosa is common in teens and early adults. And it’s in third place on the list of common chronic illnesses for teens.
If you have anorexia nervosa, you often try to associate your weight and shape with self-esteem. Not only is it unhealthy, it can be life-threatening. However, with proper treatment, you can be sure that you will return to a healthy diet.
What are the obvious signs and symptoms of loss of appetite?
Physical symptoms revolve around hunger, as loss of appetite is accompanied by a lasting longing to look as thin as possible.
The most common physical signs and symptoms include:
- Skinny and malnourished appearance
- Excessive weight loss
- Abnormal blood cell count
- Fainting attacks
- Bluish fingers
- Fine hair
- Hair loss
- Same skin
- Amenorrhea (no menstruation)
- stomach ache
- Yellowish dry skin
- Cold sensitivity
- Low blood pressure
- Inflammation of the legs and arms
- Anemia (red blood cell deficiency)
Emotional and behavioral symptoms
Anorexia nervosa also has emotional and behavioral effects associated with fear of gaining weight. The signs and symptoms are:
- Strictly limit food intake
- Unlimited fasting
- Exercise excessively
- Intentional vomiting to get food out of the body
- Get rid of food using laxatives, herbal products, or enemas
- Skip meals as much as possible
- I do not want to eat
- Eat carefully selected foods, especially those low in calories and fat
- Throw food after chewing
- Repeated weighing
- Look in the mirror to see if they are overweight
- Social withdrawal
- Lack of emotion
- Layer clothes
- Decreased libido (sexual desire)
When is it important to see a doctor?
People with anorexia are crazy about being thin. They are not at all worried about their health or receiving treatment.
So if you, someone in your family or circle of friends suffers from this eating disorder, ask them to go to the doctor as this condition can be fatal.
Request a reservation at Apollo Hospital
Call 1860-500-1066 to make a reservation
What Causes Loss of Appetite?
The specific cause of this eating disorder is unknown. However, experts believe that a combination of various factors, such as psychological, biological, and social, can lead to this idea.
- psychology- The desire to take a particular view can make some people think that their body is defective and they do not meet that criterion of being thin and perfect. Such people stop eating, vomit after eating, and do anything to look lean and perfect until they make sure there is no food left inside. It can also be called obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD).
- biological – Not clear, but there may be some genetic problems behind this dysfunctional diet. The devotion to looking perfect can be a genetic feature.
- social – In some cultures and communities, thinness is the same as self-esteem and success. This perception can be a major cause of eating in certain ways that do not affect weight. Also, pressure from peers allows even young girls and women to stick to anorexia nervosa and meet social standards of beauty.
What are the risk factors for loss of appetite?
There may be certain factors that increase the risk of this eating disorder. Included –
- gene- If any of the first-year relatives, such as the mother, father, or siblings, have anorexia nervosa, they may be at increased risk of developing this psychological condition.
- Calorie Calculator – If you’re crazy about diet, calorie counting, and hunger and look perfect, you’re at increased risk of loss of appetite.
- Transition of life – Changes such as new offices, new schools, new relationships, parting, and loss of loved ones can lead to, among other things, loss of appetite and ultimately the tremendous emotional stress that results in loss of appetite.
What are the complications of loss of appetite?
Both physical and emotional complications of loss of appetite can be present. This includes:
Physical complications of loss of appetite
- Osteoporosis (bone loss)
- Increased chance of fracture
- Cardiovascular (heart) problems, including abnormal heartbeat, cardiac arrest, or Barlow syndrome
- Lack of menstruation
- Decreased testosterone levels
- Muscle loss
- Kidney problems
- Gastrointestinal problems such as nausea, vomiting, bloating, constipation
- Abnormal sodium-potassium levels
Emotional complications of loss of appetite.
- Personality disorder
- Uneven mood
- Suicidal ideation
How to diagnose anorexia?
If your doctor thinks you may be suffering from loss of appetite, they do some tests to confirm. They include:
- Physical examination
- Lab test
How to treat anorexia nervosa?
Treatment of loss of appetite involves planning care by the team. This includes medical professionals, mental health professionals, and nutritionists. All of them work together to create the right program for you.
Malnutrition caused by loss of appetite can be harmful not only to the mind but also to the body. Therefore, the main goal of anorexia treatment is to restore a healthy weight. You can’t get rid of anorexia until you get it right by eating it right, and unless you get it right. Here are some of the key points your doctor may suggest regarding your diet plan:
Focus on the quality of the food you eat
If you have anorexia nervosa, you can’t suddenly start eating most of your diet, and that’s not recommended. Therefore, you should start with a smaller portion size and focus on having a nutrient-rich food. In this way, it becomes manageable for you without the need for forced feeding. Your doctor suggests that you add items rich in vegetables, fruits, fats, proteins, and carbohydrates to your diet.
Your dependable food when trying to recover from anorexia nervosa
After a long period of loss of appetite, it may take some time to return to a normal dietary pattern and gain healthy weight. And there is nothing to worry about. Here are some foods you should include in your diet to get the right nutrition:
- Avocado – Known for its nutritional value, avocado is one of the healthiest fruits to include in your diet. It is rich in vitamins C, B-6, E, K, folic acid, niacin, potassium, beta-carotene, lutein and omega-3 fatty acids. This fruit plays an important role in allowing your body to extract energy from the food you eat.
- Baked beans – Baked beans are an excellent source of fiber, protein, healthy plant compounds, and other nutrients. These are beneficial to your gut health and help you gain weight. Baked beans are not only healthy, they are also an excellent storage material. Have some cans handy so you have something to eat when you’re in a hurry, when you’re hungry, or when you don’t want to go out for groceries.
- Greasy fish – If you have anorexia nervosa, eating oily fish brings you incredible health benefits. Oily fish have a high omega-3 fatty acid content and are good for brain, heart, skin and overall health.
- egg – Eggs contain all the essential amino acids that the body does not produce. Therefore, eggs are a complete source of protein, which is a component of your body. In addition, they are delicious, easy to prepare and help you recover in a better way.
- Seeds and nuts – These make great snack options for munching and offer many health benefits. They are rich in Vitamin E and improve damaged nails and hair. In addition, they have a long shelf life. So you can keep it with you when you are hungry.
Other treatment options are:
- Medical – Loss of appetite can cause many health complications. Therefore, you should see your doctor regularly to monitor vital signs, physical condition, electrolyte levels, and other signs and symptoms. If your condition is severe or your symptoms are worsening, your doctor may recommend the use of a feeding tube (nasogastric tube) through your nose.
- Psychotherapy – There are two types of psychotherapy: family therapy and individual therapy. These are beneficial in the treatment of loss of appetite.
- Medication- Unfortunately, there are no specific medications to treat anorexia. However, doctors may prescribe antidepressants to control anxiety attacks and depression.
How to prevent loss of appetite?
There is no established preventative measure for loss of appetite, but the following can be considered:
- Talk to your child or other family member if they notice signs of loss of appetite, such as lack of confidence, an unrealistic diet, a constant urge to look perfect, or dissatisfaction with their appearance. please. Help them understand the importance of eating properly.
- Be sure to see a doctor as they are the right people to understand the early signs of this eating disorder.
Start small, but let’s get started!
Recovery from loss of appetite may take some time. However, take a small step and start on the path to recovery. Talk to your doctor about your feelings. That way, you can definitely return to normal life.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
- Why should you refrain from visiting regular health-related websites when trying to recover from anorexia nervosa?
Regular websites that talk about healthy eating focus primarily on low-fat and low-sugar diets. However, if you have anorexia nervosa, your food must contain fat. Therefore, in such a scenario, the website can be misleading.
- Need to plan a meal?
You can reduce stress by creating a meal plan. Set a time for all meals and meals and stick to it no matter what. It helps you restore your normal dietary patterns. Talk to your doctor if you find it difficult.
- How can I build a healthy relationship with food?
We recommend choosing comfortable foods that will make you feel positive and bring back good memories. It helps you build a healthy relationship with food and diet and facilitate the recovery process.
Request a reservation at Apollo Hospital
Call 1860-500-1066 to make a reservation