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A short and descriptive course on different types of wine

Discovering the splendor of wine can be daunting. Given the sheer number of options available, it can be overwhelming whenever you visit a liquor store. It is useful to learn how to distinguish between red and white wines, but it does not give the big picture.

If you want to improve your wine’s reputation, the first thing to do is to learn about the different types available. All wines are made from fermented grapes, but it is important to know that each type has its own unique touch.

Regional influences, grape varieties and differences in the way wines are made can have a significant impact on the flavor of the wine, and knowing how to distinguish between them will help you choose the right bottle. Before we start reading about the facts and numbers of great wines, let’s give a brief overview of each variety.

1Red wine


Arguably the most popular type of red wine is made from dark grapes. Ferment black grapes at high temperatures to bring out the full color, tannins and aroma.

The color and taste of red wine varies from bright to bold, and the level of this concentration is defined by the brewer’s method. However, all bottles share the same characteristic of having a smooth and strong taste.

Red wine is best combined with a large meal. This is why many fine dining restaurants usually offer tall glasses for the main course. If you’re planning on buying, popular bottles are Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Pinot Noir.

2White wine

When it comes to white wine, people fall into various misconceptions. Many people think that beverages are made entirely of white grapes, but in reality they can also be made of red or black grapes. The winemaking process is similar to its red counterpart. The main difference in production is that white wine does not ferment the rind of the fruit.

White wine is known for its light taste, compared to the powerful and bold taste of red wine. Ideal for light meals and appetizers such as salads, fish and cold cuts. If you want to have a light drink with your loved one, we recommend Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc and Moscat.

3rosé wine

Rosé wine gives you the best of both worlds. The taste is similar to white wine, but it is reminiscent of red because it is exposed to the skin of grapes. Rosé wine can be made in two ways. One is to ferment red or black grapes for 12-36 hours. Second, by blending red and white wines into a single formulation.

The flavor and color of rosé wine depends on the brewer. Its taste is similar to white, but there are also darker and stronger variations. Don’t forget to test different types so that you can finally find the blend that suits you. To get started, the bottles that are suitable for both large and casual gatherings are Zinfandel, Pinogrigio and Sangiovese.

Foursparkling wine


When people think of sparkling wine, the first thing that comes to mind is celebration. Each time a sports team wins the championship, athletes pop a few bottles of this type and drink them as a sign of victory. But when it comes to casual drinking, sparkling wine is the go-to drink for parties.

Sparkling wines are made in a variety of ways, but a common factor is that all fermentation methods add carbon dioxide to the process. This is why the drink foams like soda and explodes when shaken. Each region has its own brewery, a famous example of which is French champagne.

If you want to experience the rich flavor of this wine, it’s best to enjoy it with cheese, salad, or fish.

FiveDessert wine

Dessert wine is the perfect finisher. Wine is so named because it is not only the sweetest of all of them, but is also usually consumed after a meal. Fermentation is similar to red and white wines, but brandy is added to the mix to preserve the natural sugar in the beverage.

Dessert wine is intended to be drunk after a large meal, but can also be consumed with a plate of appetizers or used as a palette cleanser before the main course. Popular bottles are Sherry Marsala, Vermouth and Madeira.

Know your wine

Wine is one of the most popular drinks in the world for some reason. There are many health benefits to tasting, paving the way for good times, and taking the right dose.

Fortunately, you don’t have to be a connoisseur or an expert to fully appreciate and enjoy your drink. Just knowing the different types available makes it much easier to choose the right bottle for your needs. To maximize the health benefits of your drink, remember to consume it moderately and eat it healthy at home.

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Author: Lychel Carpio

Raichelle is a retail assistant manager at Txanton Philippines. She has a sommelier license with WSET2 by late 2018 and has been working in the hospitality industry for the past 10 years. She has developed a special talent for serving clients of all kinds and is loved by many fine wine and deli consumers. Her outstanding skills have pushed her to the top, and the truth is that she really has a true passion for premium gastronomy, drinks, and service.

A Short and Illustrative Course on the Different Types of Wine

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