ACL lacerations are lacerations or lacerations of the anterior cruciate ligament. In layman’s terms, the anterior cruciate ligament is the main ligament of the knee. Join the femur or femur to the tibia. ACL ruptures usually occur in athletes. In some cases, women who wear heels for long periods of the day. You will hear pops and cracking sounds when tearing, and immediately after tearing the ACL, the knee straps will become unstable, wobbling, swelling and very painful.
It is important to treat ACL tears as soon as possible, as untreated tears only worsen the condition of the ligaments and knees. Needless to say, the pain in tears is so great that patients cannot continue their lives. Treatment of tears requires rest and rehabilitation before and after physiotherapy exercise and after surgery.
A suitable physiotherapist will teach you what exercises and stretches you should do to relieve pain after an ACL rupture. Doctors always recommend that you have surgery to treat ACL rupture after at least 3 weeks of physiotherapy. This helps improve post-surgery recovery and reduce the risk of injury.
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ACL rupture grade
The level of ACL injury depends on the severity of the laceration. The different types of ACL damage include:
- ACL sprain
- Peeling fracture
- Complex ligament injury
- ACL deficiency
ACL sprains are further subdivided into the following categories based on their severity.
- ACL Sprain Grade I- This is the mildest type of ACL damage. Treatment of grade I sprains does not require any surgery. Occurs when the ligaments are stretched. Under the guidance of a physiotherapist, you can be treated with physiotherapy or exercise.
- ACL Sprain Grade II- These occur when the ligaments are partially torn or torn. I have severe pain, tenderness, and swelling in my knees. Treatment options for this type of injury depend on the degree of injury.
- ACL Sprain Grade III- Grade III ACL sprains are common in athletes. This is the most serious type of ACL injury and causes extreme pain in the knee. The patient is unable to put weight on the affected knee because the ligament fibers are completely torn. The only treatment option available is reconstructive surgery.
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Cause of ACL rupture
ACL ruptures and injuries are of a sudden nature and do not occur for a period of time. These can occur not only in contact sports but also in non-contact sports. The most common causes of ACL tears and injuries are:
- Pivot or cut operation: Suddenly planting a foot and turning around it can cause tears.
- Landing on one foot: When landing in games like basketball or volleyball, putting all your weight on one leg can cause tears.
- Direct hit to the knee: When the knee bends or stretches and is hit, the ligaments tear.
- Repetitive stress on the knee: This can lead to loss of ligament elasticity, which can lead to ligament crevices and sprains.
- Knee twist or posterior flexion: This happens when the jump lands in an inappropriate or awkward position.
Symptoms of ACL rupture
Pop sounds can usually be heard when the ACL ruptures. However, this does not happen to everyone who has such an injury. Some other common symptoms of ACL damage are detailed as follows:
- swelling: Severe swelling is usually seen within 24 hours immediately after the injury. Swelling can be controlled with icing and a few pillows and legs raised.
- pain: If you have a Grade I ACL sprain, you will feel mild pain. However, grade II and grade III injuries cause severe pain. You can relieve the pain by applying pressure to the affected area.
- Limited range of motion: After the ACL is torn, it becomes very difficult to move your legs. It hurts even with normal movements, and the knee cannot support even a small amount of weight.
- Walking trouble: It can be very difficult to put weight on your legs, let alone walk in case your tears do terrible damage.
Best Treatment for ACL Injury-ACL Reconstruction
ACL reconstruction is performed to repair the anterior cruciate ligament rupture. The procedure involves removing the damaged ligament and replacing it with tendon tissue. Tendon tissue can be from a donor or a healthy part of the knee. The replaced tendons connect muscles and bones.
After surgery, under the guidance of a physiotherapist, the patient completes a rehabilitation therapy course and recovers appropriately and quickly.
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