Business & Investment

Afghan women resist the resurgence of Taliban racism

Shayasta Wardak, a graduate of the Faculty of Law at Kabul University, worked as a judge in the Kabul District Court for many years, arbitrating disputes over marital division, property, and child custody.

But later Taliban Wardak and her female colleague, who hijacked the capital of Afghanistan in August, were told they did not need their services. The young Taliban, who blocked entry into court, ridiculed when women who tried to return to work in a group a few days after the takeover wanted to know why.

“They clearly told us that you can no longer work as a judge,” Wardak said. “Some were rude to us. Some say,’Go home-women go home.'” I cried a lot. I was making a good salary. We had everything in life. Now everything is destroyed. “

Throughout Afghanistan, women’s lives are severely restricted as the Taliban move to re-impose racism, which showed former domination in the 1990s.

Limits vary from region to region, depending on the sentiment of the regional commander and community.However, almost all female public sector employees are dismissed or dismissed, except for healthcare workers, elementary school teachers, and women who are doing jobs that men are not allowed to do, such as physical examination of female passengers at the airport. Is ordered stay at home Indefinitely.

Girls can attend primary school, but most girls’ secondary schools are still closed a month after older boys return to class.Female students at public universities do not know if resumption will be allowed Their study..

The policy is far below what many have hoped for. Taliban Promised Immediately after the acquisition, women’s rights are protected “within Islamic law”.

“Taliban 2.0 is the same as Taliban 1.0-the only difference is that they are more Familiar with the mediaBahar Jalari, who founded the Gender Studies Department at the private American University of Afghanistan in Kabul, said.

But if the Taliban’s attitude has changed little in 20 years, many Afghan women, especially urban and educated women, appear reluctant to accept the constraints.

In recent weeks, small groups of women in Kabul, Herat and other cities have demonstrated in front of armed Taliban, demanding the restoration of their rights and the reopening of girls’ schools.

“Women today are different from the women when the Taliban first hijacked Afghanistan,” said Qudsia, a 29-year-old lawyer and former government prosecutor who participated in several protests. “We are against people who only know the language of the weapon and know nothing else. That’s a big risk, but there’s no choice.”

Taliban fighters have used tear gas to fire warning shots into the air, beating women and journalists reporting on demonstrations, and responding strongly to such protests. However, protesters said they would continue the campaign.

“When we lose everything, we have nothing left to lose,” Qudsia said. “They treat us as if they weren’t humans. They just want us to be like prisoners.”

When Tulliburn ruled Afghanistan in the 1990s, women were virtually under house arrest — banned from school and college, banned from working, and leaving home only when accompanied by a male relative. Was allowed. People accused of adultery were stoned and other offenses, including violations of the requirement to wear an all-encompassing burqa in public, were violently punished.

Taliban leaders try to come up with a gentler tone and no national dress code for women is imposed © Bulent Kilic / AFP / Getty

Twenty years after the 2001 US-led aggression expelled the Taliban, Afghan women made progress in education, employment, and public life. Prior to the withdrawal of the United States in August, Zalmay Khalilzad, a former US special representative of Afghanistan, also has Taliban leaders. changed And now I understand the importance of respecting women’s rights.

Since the seizure of Kabul, Taliban leaders have sought a milder tone for international recognition and access to the country’s estimated $ 9 billion in frozen foreign exchange reserves.

Immediately after the victory, Taliban lead spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid declared that women do not need male chaperones for daily work or traveling for less than three days. There is no national dress code for women, and women are not locked out of private sector work.

In fact, heavily armed Taliban fighters, supervised by local commanders, carry out their own ideas about proper behavior for women, creating regional differences in how women are treated.

“These Taliban infantry are completely isolated from women,” Jalari said. “They have been taught and trained that women should never be seen in public, should be trapped in the house and all movements should be controlled.”

The government closed the Women’s Ministry, which focused on women’s empowerment, and replaced it with a kind of religious police, the Committee for the Promotion of Virtue and Discipline.

Heather Barr, Deputy Director of Women’s Rights at Human Rights Watch, said: “When you go out [a male chaperone] of Herat, Very likely to be harassed in horrific ways. “

Mr Barr said the Taliban’s concessions on women’s rights far fell short of international expectations. She said the refusal to return the girls to secondary school and other curbs are one of the countries that have not yet recognized the Taliban as the legitimate government of Afghanistan.

Kabul market people

Women in the Kabul market. In many areas, heavily armed Taliban fighters carry out their own ideas about proper behavior © Zohra Bensemra / Reuters

“The standard isn’t whether it’s better than 2001,” she said. “The standard is that they [UN] A Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, signed by Afghanistan in 2003. “

The new regime has disrupted the lives of men and women. But female workers Economy worsens Without foreign aid that used to float it.

Humaira worked at the Kabul Police Academy for 14 years and was promoted to lieutenant. The academy is currently closed and all officers are unemployed. “The Taliban told them to get lost-your kingdom is over,” she said.She is considering joining escape Percentage of women who feel that Afghanistan has no future.

“I’m talking to my mother and friends about staying here or leaving,” she said. “For now, I have no choice but to clean my house because I need bread.”

Afghan women resist the resurgence of Taliban racism

https://www.ft.com/content/d320c92f-c7a4-4277-8d6c-0c998a36b411 Afghan women resist the resurgence of Taliban racism

Back to top button