Science & Technology

Ancient documents suggest that Italian sailors knew America 150 years before Christopher Columbus.

Prior to Columbus Day, the findings raise further questions about what explorers were expecting to actually find during the voyage.

A new analysis of ancient books suggests that sailors in Italy’s hometown of Christopher Columbus knew America 150 years before the famous “discovery.”

Professor Paolo Chisa, an expert in medieval Latin literature, copied and elaborated a document from Milan’s brother Garbaneus Furama around 1345, referring to the region we know as North America today, “exceptional.” I made an “amazing” discovery of the “na” passage.

According to Chiesa, an ancient essay first discovered in 2013 suggests that sailors from Genoa already knew the land. North American (usually considered Labrador or Newfoundland).

Published in peer-reviewed journals Terrae IncognitaeThis discovery preceded Columbus Day in 2021 and is celebrated as Indigenous Day in many states in the United States. The findings add more fuel to the fire for the ongoing question, “What exactly did you expect to find when Columbus departed across the ocean?” And his statue comes after a period of bowing, covered with red paint, lassoed around his head, pulled down, lit, and thrown into the lake.

“We are in the Mediterranean region, in its early form, but in the presence of the first reference to the Americas,” said Professor Chiesa of the University of Milan’s Faculty of Literary Studies, Linguistics and Linguistics.

Galvaneus was a Dominican monk who lived in Milan and had a family relationship with the city’s lord.

He wrote several literary works in Latin, mainly on historical subjects. His testimony is valuable for information about the modern facts of Milan that he has direct knowledge of.

Chronica UniversalAnalyzed by Chiesa here is believed to be one of his later works, probably the last one, unfinished and unfinished. The purpose is to explain in detail the history of the whole world from “creation” to publication.

In translating and analyzing the document, Professor Chiesa informally heard sailor rumors about Genoa being the “gateway” of the news, and Galvaneus for the ultimate commercial benefit. Indicates that it looks like it is. As information about Greenland, he details it exactly (for knowledge of time).

“These rumors were too vague to find consistency in mapping and scholarly expression,” he said, explaining why Marcarada was not classified as a new land at the time.

However, Chiesa said: Chronica Universal “News about the Americas from Scandinavian sources provide unprecedented evidence that it spread in Italy a century and a half before Columbus.”

He adds: “It is the geographical origin that makes the passage (about Marcarada) special. It is northern Italy, not the Nordic region as in other references.

“The Marcarada painted by Galvaneus is” rich in trees “and inhabited by animals, unlike Markland, which is overgrown with Saga of the Greenlanders.

“These details can be standard, as a characteristic of good land, but in reality Greenland is described by Garbaneus, or Iceland is described by Adam of Bremen. As they are, they are not trivial, as the common feature of the northern region is desolate barrenness. “

Overall, Professor Chiesa says you should “trust” Chronica Universal Throughout the document, Galvaneus declares where he has heard verbal stories, supporting and blending claims with elements drawn from accounts (legendary or realistic) belonging to previous traditions of various lands. Reassign to a specific location.

“There is no reason not to believe him,” said Professor Chiesa. “It has long been noticed that the 14th-century Portolan charts in Genoa and Catalonia provide a higher geographical representation of the north. It was, which can be achieved through direct contact with these areas.

“These notions of the northwest may have been brought to Genoa through routes to the British Isles and the continental coast of the North Sea.

“At that time, there was no evidence that Italian or Catalan sailors arrived in Iceland or Greenland, but it was certainly possible to obtain goods of their origin from Scandinavian merchants and transport them to the Mediterranean region.

“The marinaly mentioned by Galvaneus fits this dynamic. The Genoese may have brought back to the city scattered news about these lands, heard from sailors in Scotland, England, Denmark and Norway at the northern harbor. Who were they dealing with? “

Chronica UniversalWritten in Latin, but not yet published. However, editions are planned in the context of academic and educational programs promoted by the University of Milan.

See also: “Marcarada: America’s First Reference in the Mediterranean Region (c. 1340)”, Paolo Chisa, July 16, 2021 Terrae Incognitae..
DOI: 10.1080 / 00822884.2021.1943792

Ancient documents suggest that Italian sailors knew America 150 years before Christopher Columbus. Ancient documents suggest that Italian sailors knew America 150 years before Christopher Columbus.

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