The human liver is a very important organ of the human body. It is the size of a football and is essential for filtering toxic substances from the body. It is very important to keep this organ healthy and in optimal working condition. Unfortunately, there are multiple ways to harm or damage the liver.
There are many liver diseases, but we humans can also damage the liver in other ways. An unhealthy diet or simply an unhealthy lifestyle can damage the liver. Some of the major causes of liver damage may be related to alcohol use, viruses, and obesity.
What is Liver Disorder?
Liver damage or liver failure is when the human liver is too damaged to function properly, causing severe pain and other problems. Most people with liver disease don’t look or feel bad Even though their liver is damaged. At some point in the progression of liver disease, the damage becomes irreversible and can lead to liver cancer, liver failure, or death.
What are the types of liver damage?
Liver failure can be acute or chronic. If liver failure is acute, it happens suddenly without warning or symptoms. People are often unaware that their liver is facing problems. Suddenly, their liver can shut down.
If liver failure is chronic, it occurs gradually and symptoms are seen over time. This is a way for most people to know that their liver is facing a problem. In such cases, the patient has the opportunity to receive the appropriate medical assistance needed before things get worse.
What are the symptoms of liver damage?
Some of the most common signs and symptoms of liver damage are:
- jaundice.. The patient’s eyes and skin are yellowish. This is caused by high levels of bilirubin in the patient’s body.
- Easy to bleed. Bleeding is seen when liver failure occurs. This bleeding can originate from the gums and can be noticed when the patient is brushing their teeth.
- A full belly. Because the liver is in the abdomen, the abdomen swells when liver failure occurs. Patients also experience pain and discomfort in the abdomen.
- sleepiness. Patients often get very sleepy. Their sleep cycle can be confusing and they tend to be sleepier than usual.
- Decreased appetite. Patients experience loss of appetite, which leads to poor health. Without proper nutrition, their condition tends to worsen.
- Malaise. You may also feel tired and lost energy due to loss of appetite. Patients usually do not have the motivation or energy to perform their daily tasks.
- diarrhea.. Frequent and loose bowel movements are one of the symptoms of liver failure. This can lead to energy loss and undernourishment.
When do you see a doctor?
It is best to see a doctor when you become aware of these basic common symptoms of liver failure. This is a precautionary measure to prevent the situation from getting worse. If you experience symptoms of abdominal pain or jaundice, see a doctor or doctor immediately.
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What Causes Liver Failure?
There are multiple possible causes for liver failure. One of the most common and well-known is alcohol abuse. Liver failure can also be caused by infections, weakened immune systems, genetics, cancer, and other lifestyle-based factors.
There are many viruses and parasites that can cause infections that can lead to liver failure. They cause inflammation and reduce liver performance. These viruses can spread through blood, food, water, and other infected individuals. Common viruses that can lead to liver damage or damage include hepatitis A, B, and C.
There are several diseases that can attack different parts of the body, including the liver. These autoimmune diseases can cause liver damage and other disorders. Here are some examples:
- Primary biliary cholangitis
- Primary sclerosing cholangitis
- Autoimmune hepatitis
Genetics also plays a major role in liver-related diseases. If parents have liver-related problems, these can be passed on to their children. Here are some examples of liver-related disorders caused by genetics:
- Wilson’s disease
- Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency
Another important cause of liver damage is non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. As the name implies, it has nothing to do with the use of alcohol and causes damage due to fat deposits in the liver.
What are the risk factors for liver damage or liver failure?
There are certain factors that can increase your chances of developing liver failure or damage. Some risk factors are:
- Use of alcohol. High alcohol consumption is known to be one of the most common risk factors for liver damage. Alcohol is known to damage the liver over time and cause liver failure.
- obesity.. An unhealthy lifestyle can cause fat to build up in the liver and reduce the function of organs. This can eventually lead to liver damage and damage.
- Family history.. Family history may also be at high risk of developing liver-related problems. If parents or grandparents have liver-related problems, children are also more likely to develop them.
- Exposure to infected blood.. When a patient is exposed to infected blood, he or she is more likely to develop liver failure in the face of blood contamination.
Stage of liver failure or injury
- inflammation. Inflation is in its infancy.At this stage, the liver is inflamed or enlarged
- Fibrosis. In the inflamed liver, scar tissue begins to replace healthy tissue
- Cirrhosis. Severe scarring has formed, making it difficult for the liver to function properly.
- End-stage liver disease (ESLD). ESLD is a condition in which liver function deteriorates and is irreversibly damaged. The only cure may be a liver transplant.
- Liver cancer. People with cirrhosis are at greater risk, but unhealthy cells can develop and proliferate in the liver at any stage of liver failure
Liver failure vs. liver disease
- It is important to distinguish between liver failure and liver disease
- Liver disease is any condition that causes inflammation or damage to the liver. Liver disease can affect the overall functioning of the liver.
- Liver failure is when the liver loses some or all of its function. It can be caused by damage caused by liver disease.
What are the complications of liver damage?
The complications of liver damage depend on the severity of the condition. If left untreated, the damaged liver can fail. This can quickly become life-threatening. Some common complications are:
- Hepatic encephalopathy, brain damage
- Pneumonia and urinary tract infections
- kidney failure
- Blood coagulation problems
What is the cure for liver damage?
Treatment of liver failure depends on the stage of injury.
- Early stage support care. Supportive care is the best option if liver damage is in its early stages. In most cases, the liver will recover spontaneously.
- dosage.. If the liver disorder is in a higher or second stage, medication is recommended. This drug is intended to slow the progression of damage and help the liver recover from the damage.
- Liver transplant. This is done in the final stages where the liver cannot be saved or the damage cannot be undone. The patient’s liver or part of the liver is removed and replaced with a healthier one.
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How to prevent liver damage?
The following lifestyle changes can help prevent liver damage.
- Moderate drinking
- Protected sex
- Get vaccinated against hepatitis B
- Use only prescription drugs
- Avoid unsanitary foods
- Avoid the use of contaminated syringes
- Regular exercise
If not caught or treated on time, liver damage can lead to liver failure, which can quickly be life-threatening. This can easily be avoided if you have regular examinations at your health care center and are aware of the risk factors that can lead to liver damage.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
What substances can cause liver damage?
High doses of acetaminophen or paracetamol can cause liver damage. Many antibiotics and statins can also cause liver damage. Excessive vitamin A can easily cause liver damage.
What are the main causes of chronic liver disease in India?
Alcohol abuse is one of the main causes because it reduces liver function and performance. This can cause inflammation and cause extreme scarring of the liver.
Do Liver Disorders Appear Differently in Men and Women?
Liver damage and liver failure are more common in men than in women. About 70% of people who develop autoimmune hepatitis are women. This is usually seen between the ages of 15 and 40.