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Asian hill countries announce unified voice at World Climate Conference

Asian hill countries announce unified voice at World Climate Conference

October 31st and 26th Conference of the Parties (COP) is expected to begin in Glasgow, Scotland, one year later due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The COP is the highest decision-making body of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), established in 1992 to address the global threat of a warming world. COP26 is Expected warming Of the planet over the next 20 years. Participants include 196 countries and thousands of NGOs. One of these NGOs, ICIMOD (International Integrated Mountain Development Center), is working to introduce an alliance that draws attention to the vulnerable mountainous areas of the Hindu Kush Himalayas (HKH) through a campaign titled “HKH”. .. # HKH2 Glasgow.. For the first time in UNFCCC history, this campaign aims to raise the voice of the Asian mountains unified at the international table.

ICI MOD was founded in 1983 By the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) after years of deliberation on the need to establish an institution to tackle mountain issues.Established about 40 years ago “Promote ecologically sound development in mountainous areas” ICIMOD continues to keep in touch among the countries that share the Hindu Kush Himalayas in order to promote regional cooperation and the livelihoods of people who depend on mountainous areas.

There are many urgency in the work of ICIMOD to integrate this heterogeneous and important mountain range. The Hindu Kush Himalayas contain most of the highest mountains in the world and are shared across the borders of eight countries. These eight countries are regional members of ICIMOD. Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan. To unify these countries Known to glaciologists as the Third Pole It contains the headwaters of 10 major Asian river systems, including the Ganges, Mekong and Yangtze Rivers. According to ICIMOD, Hindu Kush Himalayas Providing a livelihood base for 240 million people Located in mountainous areas, it has a total of 1.9 billion people with river basins that the mountains feed, which is about a quarter of the world’s total population.

The third largest mountain in the world, Kangchenjunga, is shared between Nepal and India. credit: ICIMOD..

Recognizing the global importance of the region, ICIMOD has described the Hindu Kush Himalayan region as “Planetary pulsation.. It considers itself to be the most important intergovernmental organization operating in the region and leading efforts to protect it.

ICIMOD came to exist by signing an agreement between the host institution, the Government of Nepal and UNESCO. The Swiss government and the Federal Republic of Germany are the founding sponsors. Since its inception, the organization has a history of welcomed secretaries from Europe and the United States.The people of the Hindu Kush Himalayas Pema Gyamtsho From Bhutan by the end of 2018 279 out of 295 The staff of ICIMOD was a citizen of the area. Prior to Pema Gyamtsho, ICIMOD was headed by US development specialist David Molden.

From the beginning, ICIMOD was intended as an applied research and development institution that works across borders on common concerns and opportunities in the mountain community. “Our initiative is usually trilateral in nature,” ICIMOD climate change adaptation analyst Pradyumna Rana told Glacier Hub, “each country has different partners, usually government or scientific institutions. I added. In fact, ICIMOD has become an international organization in the Hindu Kush Himalayan region, publishing annual reports, leading scholarly publications and contributing to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reports.

Image of ICIMOD headquarters in Kathmandu. Sometimes called a campus. Credit ICI MOD.

Headquarters of ICIMOD in Kathmandu. Sometimes called a campus. credit: ICIMOD..

In the light of future COPs, the organization leveraged a network of eight member states to identify areas of convergence among member states. “This is a campaign focused on the collective voice of the region,” said Nanki Kaur, regional manager building ICIMOD’s adaptation and resilience, about # HKH2Glasgow. She said that of the eight member states, only Bhutan and Nepal are completely mountainous, “this is not a national position-focused campaign, but a shared mountainous area-focused campaign. There is, “he added.

To that end, the role of ICIMOD at the forefront of # HKH2Glasgow is to provide Member States with evidence of the benefits of climate change adaptation shared across the region and to solidify the position of joint HKH at COP26. In particular, ICIMOD’s climate and environment specialist Deepshikha Sharma has a common priority among the eight countries in aligning COVID-19 recovery methods with what she calls GRID, green, resilient and inclusive development. He emphasized the importance of identifying matters. “By identifying common commitments and the sectors that Member States have undertaken for green recovery and growth in mountainous areas, ICIMOD” creates a common platform, a common baseline reached by all Member States. You can, “Sharma told Glacier Hub. “

The # HKH2Glasgow campaign has already achieved much success towards the goal of promoting the Hindu Kush Himalayan region as the beating of the earth.For one, the ICIMOD headquarters was visited Alok Sharma, COP26 presidential nomination earlier this year. Alok Sharma was previously Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy in President Boris Johnson’s Cabinet. “they [the COP Presidency] We would like to see a strong message from our region at the COP, “says Deepshikha Sharma.

Another success is the recent recognition of the Hindu Kush Himalayan region. IPCC Report Unified as a whole: Chapter 10 covers three pages on “Climate Change in the Hindu Kush Himalayas”. The report describes the Hindu Kush Himalayas as “the largest glacierous region outside the poles,” which will face 1-2 degrees Celsius warming by 2050, and some will be 4 degrees Celsius. I warn you that you will face 5 degrees. Miserable prediction It will be useful for # HKH2Glasgow as long as it reinforces the bold climate change debate in the region.

Image of ICIMOD Cryosphere Researcher building a meteorological station to perform annual mass balance measurements on the Yarra Glacier in the Himalayas, Nepal. Credit ICI MOD.

ICIMOD Cryosphere Researcher building a meteorological station to perform annual mass balance measurements on the Yarra Glacier in the Himalayas, Nepal. credit: ICIMOD..

Cowl said Nepal is already preparing to promote the “mountain agenda” in the COP26 statement for the third success. “I hope the other seven countries will do the same,” she added.

Others remain cautious about the ability of the campaign to bring appropriate climate change measures to the highly diverse regions of the mountain community. Jorge Richert, The Executive Secretary of Instituto de Montaña in Peru has worked extensively with the Andean mountain community to develop solutions for changing basin conditions in the region. “The policy is arrival Not built from the bottom up, but in the mountain community, “Recharte told Glacier Hub. Recharte recognizes that ICIMOD is in a good position to lead campaigns like # HKH2Glasgow as a regional technical expert, but the risks inherent in regional policy development are appropriate for the needs of the community. Said that it tends to be defined unrelated to. .. “Policies should support regional actions, not the interests of national institutions or national research agendas,” he said.

ICIMOD works with local partners on all projects, but as an intergovernmental organization, ICIMOD partners are selected by the governments of their respective member states rather than local grassroots efforts. “ICIMOD has different partners in each country, usually government or scientific institutions,” Lana told Glacierhub. “We have partnerships with ministries and agencies in each country. When a project comes, they guide us.”

At COP26, ICIMOD will set up a pavilion to showcase their work and draw attention to the needs of the HKH region as part of the # HKH2Glasgow campaign. Given the rapid development of the COVID-19 situation, the exact procedure for COP is still uncertain, but ICIMOD intends to bring a lot of activity to the conference. This includes HKH Focus Day at the Cryosphere Pavilion, HKH Focus Day at the UK Pavilion, and numerous sessions at the Digital Pavilion showing films about the region.

Image of ICIMOD presenter at the Cryosphere Pavilion at COP25 in Madrid.

ICIMOD at the Cryosphere Pavilion at COP25 in Madrid. credit: ICIMOD..

Nonetheless, some climate experts in the HKH region have expressed concern about the effectiveness of promoting the coveted climate behavior in the region through the COP system. Saleemul HuqThe director of the International Center for Climate Change Development (ICCCAD) in Bangladesh has attended all COPs since its inception in 1995.After COP25 in Madrid, Huq video In it, he states: “The overall review of the COP is … it’s no longer fit for purpose. The late-night debate over trivial matters is simply the magnitude of the problems we face in terms of the impact of climate change. Is not balanced. “

But even within the limits of the COP system, Jorge Richert sees an opportunity to take a regional approach to climate change in mountainous areas, as the # HKH2Glasgow campaign is trying to achieve. “Mountains are islands in the sky,” he said. “You can see the next mountain, but to get there you have to cross the entire valley. They are pretty isolated. So you have to ask — these spaces How do you connect? ”

Asian hill countries announce unified voice at World Climate Conference Asian hill countries announce unified voice at World Climate Conference

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