Science & Technology

Assisted suicide 3D print pod considered legal in Switzerland

3D printed Sarco. Credit: Exit International.

It looks like a sci-fi movie prop (alienThe cryosleep chamber comes to mind), but this 3D-printed capsule is aimed at something very mundane. For most people climbing in, it will be the last thing they see.

This high-tech death chamber, called the “Sarco” machine, is destined to be used for assisted suicide. Once inside, a person trying to end his suffering may press a button that activates a mechanism that fills the capsule with nitrogen. Within 1 minute, oxygen levels drop from 21% to 1%.

Death is painless due to lack of oxygen and carbon dioxide. The patient first loses consciousness and dies after 5-10 minutes. According to Dr. Philip Nitschke, the inventor of Sarco and the founder of Exit International, registered in Australia, there is no choking sensation or panic. This nonprofit “provides information and guidance on assisted suicide and end-of-life issues.”

“People enter the capsule and lie down. Very comfortable. They are asked some questions and when they answer, they may press a button inside the capsule that activates the mechanism at their own time. Maybe “Nitschke Told In an interview.

according to Gizmodo, Sarco has recently received legal approval from the Swiss authorities and may provide its first assisted suicide as early as 2022.

Switzerland is one of the few countries in the world where assisted suicide and euthanasia are legal. In 2020 alone, about 1,300 people died from assisted suicide in the country. Elsewhere, in the Netherlands, Astonishing 6,585 cases In 2017, assisted suicide or assisted suicide was provided, accounting for 4.4% of the total death toll for the year. Other countries where assisted suicide is legally permitted include Colombia, Belgium, Canada, Luxembourg, and some US states such as California, Colorado, and Hawaii, but requirements vary by region. increase.

Assisted suicide refers to helping someone take their lives at their request, but the final act is done by the person seeking suicide. Euthanasia is also a form of assisted suicide, with the notable difference that it is done by someone else, usually a doctor. Passive euthanasia refers to the discontinuation of life support and life support.

In order for a person to be allowed to perform such a procedure, the patient is a terminal illness, suffers a great deal, and no other form of significant treatment is available.

Assisted suicide is usually done by ingesting pentobarbital liquid sodium. This is a deadly drug that causes a patient to fall into a coma within 5 minutes and die quickly.

Sarco also offers a much higher tech peaceful death. Coffin-like capsules are designed with comfort in mind and do not contain dangerous regulatory substances, making them practically easier for assisted suicide seekers to use. Assisted suicide needs to document consent at every stage. That’s why Sarco has a built-in camera and communication hardware.

Nitschke wants to further streamline the process, if possible, by using artificial intelligence instead of a human psychiatrist.

Currently, one or more doctors need to be involved to prescribe pentobarbital sodium and confirm the person’s mental abilities. We want to remove all kinds of psychiatric reviews from the process and give individuals control over the method. ”

“Our purpose is to develop an artificial intelligence screening system to establish a person’s mental abilities. Naturally, there is a lot of skepticism, especially on the part of psychiatrists, but I. Our original conceptual idea was that the person would do an online test and receive the code to access Sarco. “

Sarco’s prototype is currently on display at art and design events throughout Europe. Credit: Exit International.

There are two prototypes created so far, and the third is being printed in the Netherlands. No one is using Sarco yet, but the developer has received a go-ahead and it is subject to change soon.

Both euthanasia and assisted suicide have proven to be highly controversial between both doctors and the general public. Doctors need to make a “no harm” vow, and some believe that these practices violate this basic principle. Other critics believe that assisted suicide, which is less insensitive and easily accessible, may allow some patients to make urgent decisions.

More liberal doctors believe that everyone should have autonomy about when they die. Many end-stage patients are very weak and unable to move their fingers, but still suffer a lot. Other patients are literally paralyzed, suffering from multiple symptoms, and experiencing great psychological and psychological distress. When discussing the fate of a patient with end-stage cancer and severe intolerable distress, it is difficult to raise the issue of “hurting” the patient in this situation.

Assisted suicide and legal euthanasia will be controversial for years to come. In the meantime, Sarco has time to prove that it’s not just a flashy tech casket, but a modern vehicle to voluntarily end intolerable suffering.

Assisted suicide 3D print pod considered legal in Switzerland Assisted suicide 3D print pod considered legal in Switzerland

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