asthma A condition caused by narrowing and swelling of the airways associated with increased mucus production. This can cause coughing, difficulty breathing, and whistling (wheezing) when exhaling. Asthma can cause minor disruptions to daily life, but it can also be life-threatening. Therefore, it is always safe to be careful and take all steps to manage asthma.
What is asthma?
asthma A chronic inflammatory condition that affects the airways and lungs. Inflammation and narrowing of the airways affect normal breathing patterns and ultimately lead to airflow turbulence.
Your doctor will focus on controlling the symptoms to prevent the condition from getting worse.Signs and Symptoms asthma It keeps changing over time and varies from person to person. Your doctor will help you track your symptoms and advise on the appropriate treatment plan. asthma There is no cure, but it’s easy to handle.
What is the type of asthma?
Asthma falls into four different categories:
- Mild intermittent asthma
- Mild persistent asthma
- Moderate persistent asthma
- Severe persistent asthma
What are the symptoms of asthma?
Signs and Symptoms asthma It depends on the person.Common symptoms asthma As follows:
- Severe shortness of breath.
- Chest tightness and pain
- Exhaled with wheezing
- Decreased lung function
- Insomnia due to the above symptoms
Some people face a relapse of signs and symptoms in certain conditions, such as:
- When asthma Exercise-induced, also known as exercise-induced asthma
- asthma Induced by occupational conditions, including the use of irritants such as gas, chemical smoke, and dust
- Allergenic asthma It is due to suspended particles such as pollen and spores.
When do you see an asthma doctor?
If you have severe symptoms, you need to get medical care asthma Attack, also known as asthma Deterioration. This is an emergency and can be life-threatening and should be handled with caution. The state can be identified in the following situations:
- If you are facing rapidly worsening shortness of breath
- If you are not relieved to use an inhaler
- If you are experiencing severe shortness of breath during your daily activities
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Other situations where a doctor’s consultation is important include:
- If you have asthma
- To monitor asthma status after diagnosis
- If you see you asthma Become more severe
- To get your treatment reviewed
What Causes Asthma?
The fact that some people develop is still unknown asthma, And some are not.The cause is probably a combination of genetic and environmental factors that affect how your body reacts. asthma trigger.
The· asthma The triggers below vary from person to person.
- Pollen, pets, spores, cockroach waste particles, and dust mites fall into the category of airborne allergens.
- Smoke-like outdoor air pollution
- Upper respiratory tract infection like a cold
- Inhale cold, dry air
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in which acid in the stomach flows back into the throat
- Stressful emotions
- Physical activity
- Some drugs such as beta blockers, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, aspirin, naproxen sodium
What are the risk factors for asthma?
Several factors can increase your risk of developing an asthma condition. The risk factors are:
- Hereditary – your family asthma, And the gene is inherited
- Allergic symptoms such as atopic dermatitis. It causes redness, itching, hay fever, runny nose, and congestion.
- Conditions involving exposure of chemicals to smoke
What are the complications of asthma?
asthma It can turn into a lifestyle disorder and can cause a variety of complications, including:
- Sleep disorders due to wheezing and coughing.
- Because there is no school, college, or job asthma Flare up.
- Side effects of long-term use of inhalers and drugs
What treatment is recommended for asthma patients?
Medication depends on several factors, such as age. asthma Triggers, symptoms, and medications you can tolerate. They are divided into long-term medications, rapid relief medications, and allergy medications.
Long-term medication to control asthma Taken daily and is the basis of treatment asthma..These drugs are used to control and prevent symptoms asthma Attack from outbreak.Long-term type asthma The control drugs are:
- Inhalation corticosteroid inhaler for asthma Includes drugs such as fluticasone flocate, budesonide, fluticasone propionate, and beclomethasone. They have relatively few side effects, unlike oral corticosteroids.
- Leukotriene modifiers are oral medications to relieve symptoms asthma.. They consist of Montelukast, Zileuton, and Zafirlukast. Few Montelukast side effects associated with aggression, suicidal ideation, or depression have been recorded. If you witness or experience such a reaction, seek medical attention urgently.
- Combination inhalers such as fluticasone-salmeterol, budesonide-formoterol, and fluticasone-viranterol floate have a combination of long-acting beta agonists and corticosteroids.
- Theophylline pills are taken daily to clean the airways by opening and relaxing the surrounding muscles.
Quick relief medications are used to relieve symptoms in the short term.They act rapidly during asthma attack. Your doctor will recommend these before exercising or doing strenuous activities. They are:
- Inhalation of a short-acting β-agonist (SABA) relieves within minutes.They are a quick remedy bronchodilator to relieve signs and symptoms inside asthma attack. They consist of salbutamol and salbutamol.
- Ipratropium and tiotropium are anticholinergic agents that relax the airways. This helps you breathe without interference. They are mainly used for chronic bronchitis and emphysema.
- Oral and intravenous corticosteroids such as prednisone and methylprednisolone relieve inflammation. Prolonged use can cause serious side effects.
- Can be relieved using a quick relief inhaler asthma Flare up. However, do not use these inhalers too often for long-term use. asthma The control drug has shown positive results.
If your asthma Allergic drugs work when they are exacerbated or induced by allergies. they are:
- Immunotherapy: The use of allergy shots ultimately reduces the response of the immune system to certain allergens. Your doctor will give you a shot once a week for several months. Gradually your doctor will advise you to take it once a month for 3-5 years.
- Biologics include mepolizumab, reslizumab, omalizumab, etc. and are used to treat severe cases asthma..
Bronchial thermoplasty is not used in all asthma patients. Treatment is recommended for those who have not benefited from either inhaled corticosteroids or long-term medications prescribed. The procedure involves heating the airways of the lungs with the help of electrodes.
Asthma Action Plan
The· asthma Plans made with your doctor can help you manage your symptoms and acute attacks. The main focus is on:
- How to use oral corticosteroids (OCS)?
- When and how do you access medical care?
- Self-monitoring of symptoms and / or lung function.
- asthma Triggers that must be avoided.
Your doctor will advise you to track and record your symptoms. It is advisable to use a peak flow meter to monitor the efficiency of treatment.
How to prevent asthma from getting worse?
There is no way to prevent it asthma There are ways to manage the condition and prevent it from being sacrificed so that it does not occur.Your worried doctor tells you asthma Plan and advise on the following precautions to be religious.
- Please be sure to follow asthma An action plan to prevent acute attacks and worsening of symptoms.
- Monitor your breathing regularly to see if the treatment works.
- Get vaccinated against pneumonia and the flu to prevent the onset of the flu asthma Flare up.
- Be careful and avoid agents that trigger you asthma..
- Take your medication in a timely manner as prescribed by your doctor and do not change your dose yourself. Talk to your doctor before trying to differ from the recommended dose asthma Action plan.
- Seek medical attention if you notice that you are using the Quick Relief Inhaler more (more often) than usual. This increase in usage underscores the fact that treatment is not functioning properly.
asthma It is a very common chronic disease. It is a disease in which the airways swell, overproduction of mucus narrows the bronchi, and muscles contract, making normal breathing difficult. For some, it can be a small challenge, but for others, it can cause a life-threatening asthma attack.
asthma It requires a medical diagnosis and is completely treatable by a medical professional. It usually causes dyspnea, chest pain, coughing and wheezing. Relapse of symptoms is common among asthma patients.Properly asthma Action plan and timely medication, asthma You can control it effectively.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
1.1. How can I avoid triggering asthma?
asthma You can avoid the trigger.
- By using air conditioning to reduce the number of aerial allergens
- By decontaminating the decoration
- By maintaining optimum humidity with the help of a dehumidifier
- Clean the bathroom regularly to prevent mold spores
2.2. How to measure peak flow rate?
You can easily measure peak expiratory flow (PEFR) using a handheld device such as a peak flow meter. This device measures the ability of the lungs to push air. Your healthcare provider will advise you on the type of peak flow meter you will use.
3.3. What are the main side effects of bronchodilators?
Nervousness, rapid heartbeat, tremors, and frequent headaches are some of the major side effects of bronchodilators and rapid relief. asthma medicine. These side effects are worse with oral medications than with inhalants.
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