Science & Technology

Autumn means more deer on the road: time zone, month, year four ways increase the risk of collision

Autumn has come. This means that there is an increased risk of hitting deer on country roads and highways, especially at dusk and during the full moon.

Deer cause more than one million car accidents each year in the United States. The result is over US $ 1 billion Physical damage has killed about 200 people and seriously injured 29,000. Property and casualty claims average about $ 2,600 per accident, with an overall average cost of over $ 6,000, including serious injuries and deaths.

Avoiding deer – and Ungulates known as elks, elks and other ungulates – If you are driving in a rural area, it may seem impossible. Particular attention should be paid to the most dangerous times and places.

Transportation working with scientists is developing ways to predict where deer and other ungulates will enter the road, posting warning signs, fences and wildlife under and above the road. You can set up a passageway. Equally important is knowing when these accidents will occur.

My ex-student Victor Collino-Labanal, Nimanthi Abeyrathna And i have Analyze over 86,000 Deer and car collision Using three years of police records, he involved a white-tailed deer in New York. Here’s what our and other studies show about timing and risk:

Time, month, year issues

The risk of hitting a deer depends on the time of day, the day of the week, the cycle of the month, and the season.

These accident cycles are, in part, a function of driver behavior. It is highest when there is heavy traffic, the driver is less alert, and the driving conditions are the worst to find animals.they again Affected by deer behavior.. It’s not uncommon, but there are multiple accidents between a deer and a vehicle, such as a surprised driver missing a deer and colliding with a vehicle in another lane, or slamming during a break and being hit by a vehicle behind. Vehicles are involved.

There is a sign warning of deer traffic on Route 16 in Franklin County, Maine. (Credit: Educational Images / Universal Images Group by Getty Images)

Analyzing thousands of deer-car collisions Accidents occur most often At dusk and dawn, when deer are most active and drivers have the least ability to find deer. Only about 20% of accidents occur during the daytime hours. Deer car accidents occur eight times more often at dusk than during the day and four times more often at dusk than after sunset.

Accidents occur most often at dawn and dusk on weekdays, and are associated with social factors such as commuter driving patterns and Friday’s “date night” traffic.

Whole span The most deer car accidents of the moon occur during the full moon, when the moon is brightest during the night hours. Deer move farther from the cover, and the more lighting they have at night, the more likely they are to enter the road. This pattern applies to deer and other ungulates in both North America and North America. Europe..

(Credit: Conversation)

For over a year, the overwhelming number of deer car accidents is in the fall, when Bucks competes to search and mate, especially during ruts. In New York, the peak number of deer car accidents is Last week of October and first week of November.. There are more than four times as many deer car accidents during that period as in spring. Moose car accidents show a similar pattern..

This high-risk period is also the end of daylight savings time. This will occur on November 7, 2021 in the United States. Set the clock back one hour This means that more commuters are on the road at high-risk dusk. As a result, more and more cars are driving during peak hours and peak hours of deer car accidents.

Overall, most US states and over 70 countries Seasonal “daylight saving time” clock shiftThe increased ungulate accident rate caused by clock misalignment can be a widespread problem.

The benefits of daylight savings time adjustment have been debated for many years, given how it is done. Disrupts human circadian rhythms, causing short-term stress and malaise.. The risk of a deer car accident may be another reason to rethink whether a clock shift is worth it.

Deer still cross the road at any time

It is important to remember that deer car accidents can occur at any time of the year, day or night, and deer can appear in urban areas as well as rural areas.

(Credit: Conversation)

Insurance company State Farm, on average, has US drivers The probability of hitting an animal is 1/116, West Virginia, Montana, Pennsylvania, and other states have much higher rates. In the 12 months to June 2020, State Farm counted 1.9 million claims for wildlife clashes across the country. About 90% of deer officials..

Drivers should always be vigilant and careful when deer and other ungulates are likely to be present. Be especially careful during dawn, dusk, bright moonlit nights, and autumn ruts.

Tom Langen He is a professor of biology at Clarkson University.This article will be republished from conversation Below Creative commons Original work.

Autumn means more deer on the road: time zone, month, year four ways increase the risk of collision Autumn means more deer on the road: time zone, month, year four ways increase the risk of collision

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