Science & Technology

Biden’s Climate Summit and Practical Road to Decarbonization

Biden’s Climate Summit and Practical Road to Decarbonization

Photo: Jasmine Sesler https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Climate-action-4150536.jpg

Following a four-year denial of Trump’s climate change Biden administration We are working hard and are beginning to clarify comprehensive climate policies. In late April, they will convene a Virtual Climate Summit on Earth Day, inviting China and Russia to the table. Biden’s infrastructure program plans focus on climate and employment, with federal regulation and purchasing power deployed to reduce carbon emissions. All of these steps are moving in the right direction, but how do you actually get there from here? How do you reduce enough greenhouse gases to actually mitigate climate change?

Government investment in car electrification and power grid modernization is part of the puzzle. But a better electrical system is only useful if the energy produced is renewable. Smarter grids enable distributed energy generation that facilitates the generation of renewable energy for homes and businesses, as well as battery-based storage that can provide shared energy to systems. Charging stations in street lightposts, parking lots, and convenience store parking lots may facilitate the purchase of electric vehicles. Tax subsidies for electric vehicles and cash for the disposal of internal combustion engines can speed up the decarbonization process.

What role does international diplomacy play? For countries like China and Russia, dependence on fossil fuels will continue as long as it stimulates economic growth. In the United States, especially in places like Texas, the economic interests of fossil fuels will continue to exercise political power. Diplomacy and dialogue are important, but constrained by perceived economic self-interest. Many climate policy advocates Carbon tax Accelerate the decarbonization process. I disagree. First, it’s not politically feasible, so pursuing it in the United States is a waste of time. Second, despite the opposition, payments to the poor, who pay most of their income from energy, lag behind the carbon tax refund. Third, Decline Energy costs from renewables are a much healthier strategy than I amTo increase Tax costs. Instead, we need to subsidize basic and applied research to develop cheaper and more reliable renewable energies to drive fossil fuels from the market. This is especially important for global economic competition. An economy plagued by old and expensive fossil fuel-based energy systems loses its competitive advantage over economies that rely on low-cost renewables. This competition, not diplomacy, Decarbonization..

This takes me to the Biden Climate Summit. These conferences are promotional exercises that provide countries with the opportunity to show their good intentions.According to Ellen Nickmeier and Seth Bolenstein Associated Press:

“The Biden administration will have a stage (all virtualized for COVID-19 and will be open to the public in a live stream containing breakout conversations) offered by the Earth Day Climate Summit next month, but other international. We hope to encourage leaders to use it as a platform to announce it. Prior to the UN’s global climate change negotiations in Earth Day in November, their country’s stricter emission targets and others Efforts. ”

The promotional value of these declarations is considerable, but it is a long way from discussion to action. Many countries, including China and Russia, have strict laws prohibiting environmental pollution, but they have not been enforced. In many governments, economic development is a much higher priority than environmental protection, and many politicians do not understand the potentially transformative nature of the green economy. Pollution is waste, and a waste-poor economy is, by definition, more efficient and competitive. The old way of thinking remains, and the only way to change your mind and mind is to demonstrate the competitiveness of modern carbon-free energy systems. Interest in fossil fuels remains a political battle until profits are lost due to the technological turmoil in the energy business, leaving no means of exerting influence.

Current technologies can initiate the decarbonization process, but US-funded basic and applied research is needed to enable new technologies to quickly replace old ones. We need cheaper and more efficient solar cells and batteries. What we have now is reminiscent of early suitcase-sized phones. While current technology works, the price and reliability benefits of renewable energy and electronic vehicles must become so obvious that consumers will find it ridiculous to switch to new technology.

There are many examples of technology replacement, but the dissemination of new technology through the country’s economy is not sticking to a single path. Cars replaced horses, mobile phones replaced landlines, DVDs replaced videotapes, which were replaced by streaming video. Wired Internet access has been enhanced with wireless access. New technologies need to be introduced and accepted by consumers. Price, convenience, and reliability are important factors, but some new technologies create unique demands. We didn’t think we needed the ability to search the web for restaurant reviews as we walked down the street and decide where to eat. Getting directions from a GPS system modified by traffic information is great, but how did you need it? The letters were replaced by email, replaced by text messages, and reinforced by FaceTime and Zoom calls.

Many people are experiencing power outages and energy disruptions and are buying generators as grid backup systems. Household energy costs continue to rise. Young people are worried about climate change. All of this creates a fertile market for distributed renewable energy. As a society, we are interested in facilitating the sharing of these energy sources, and individuals will benefit from electricity meters that add and subtract monthly bills.What’s really missing Transformative technology. An invention that makes solar cells cheaper, more efficient, and easier to install. Engineering that enhances energy storage and reduces battery size and cost. There is also a shortage of large-scale public investment in smart grid energy infrastructure, which may finally be underway. The Biden team appears ready to fund research, subsidize infrastructure, and take advantage of tax incentives to drive mass adoption of renewable energy technologies. As these changes gain momentum in the United States, foreign aid and tax law need to be used to inspire businesses to sell these new technologies to the world.

Governments must encourage, promote, and promote, but they cannot and should not. The economic benefits of decarbonization have been fully embraced by the Biden administration and Press release Announcing the Earth Day Summit, they state that the two key themes of the summit are:

  • “The economic benefits of climate change with a focus on job creation and the importance of ensuring that all communities and workers benefit from the transition to a new clean energy economy.
  • “It will help reduce emissions and adapt to climate change, while at the same time spurring transformational technologies that will help create huge new economic opportunities and build future industries.”

The economic slowdown caused by the pandemic, the unification of fragile controls by presidential parties, and the growing understanding of the global climate crisis have created limited but unique opportunities for Joe Biden. I will. This most customary politician has the potential to emerge as a transformative president. His leadership and the deep world-class climate team he formed, coupled with the unique economic environment in which we are, provide the necessary openings to get there from here. The Earth Day Climate Summit offers the opportunity to share this vision around the world. Unlike other environmental issues, this cannot address one country at a time. Nevertheless, in reality, in the world of sovereign states, actions need to be taken at the national and local levels. It’s difficult to achieve, but it’s impossible without American leadership. When that leadership is reestablished, the impossible becomes possible again.


Biden’s Climate Summit and Practical Road to Decarbonization

https://blogs.ei.columbia.edu/2021/03/29/bidens-climate-summit-practical-path-decarbonization/ Biden’s Climate Summit and Practical Road to Decarbonization

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