Arthritis that affects children under the age of 16 is called juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). The word arthritis means inflammation of the joints. “Arth” means joints and “itis” means inflammation. The etiology of childhood arthritis is unknown, but the dysfunctional immune system begins to attack healthy joints and tissues, causing symptoms. Occasionally, infections can cause the development of arthritis. Untreated arthritis in children can cause joint contractures, damage cartilage and bone, alter bone growth, and slow growth.
Therefore, Early diagnosis and treatment can prevent joint damage.
There are different types of pediatric arthritis, including articulated JIA, small joint JIA, systemic onset JIA, and juvenile spondyloarthritis. One in 1,000 children can develop some form of arthritis at any age, but it is rare at 6 months of age. Children can have a variety of symptoms, including fever, rash, red eyes, joint pain, and swelling. Children may not be able to express their feelings and joint symptoms in words. Therefore, they may exhibit limited activity or mobility, drag, stop walking, or stop using affected limbs.
Arthritis in children is treatable. If your child complains of joint pain and has restricted activity, consult a rheumatologist. Your rheumatologist may ask your child and yourself questions about joint pain in your child, examine your child, and order an investigation that includes blood tests and X-rays to reach a diagnosis. not. Your rheumatologist will discuss the best treatment options available and expected outcomes for your child’s arthritis. Different pediatric arthritis management is different. Learning strategies for dealing with pain, balancing your child’s activities and rest periods, and eating a healthy and balanced diet are also essential.
Children with arthritis should go to school and can lead a normal life. They need to participate in extracurricular and family activities in order to lead a fulfilling and active life. If the symptoms of joint pain last for more than a month and affect activity, do not ignore it.
DR Mannish Dugar
MD, FRACP (Australia)
Apollo Hospital in Hyderabad