pneumonia A lung infection that can be caused by bacteria, fungi, or viruses. It can range from mild to life-threatening – if medical intervention is needed as soon as possible. When the air sacs of one or both lungs are filled with fluid or pus, they cause inflammation, causing chest pain during breathing, coughing with sputum or pus, fever, chills, and dyspnea. Newborns up to 2 years and older people over 65 are more susceptible to pneumonia because their immunity is not strong enough to fight the infection.
Types of pneumonia
There are four types of pneumonia.
- CAP (community-acquired pneumonia): A type of pneumonia that occurs outside hospitals and other medical facilities and is also caused by bacteria, bacteria such as organisms, fungi, or viruses such as COVID-19.
- HAP (nosocomial pneumonia): This type of pneumonia occurs during hospitalization and can be serious because you are already ill.
- Medical acquired pneumonia: This type of acquired pneumonia occurs when a patient stays in the hospital for an extended period of time or goes to an outpatient clinic for dialysis or chemotherapy.
- Aspiration pneumonia.: This type of pneumonia occurs when you inhale food, fluid, saliva, or vomit into your lungs and causes an infection. It also occurs if you have a brain injury.
What are the complications that occur?
Even with treatment, some people with pneumonia who have other health illnesses still have complications. Some of them are shown below.
- Bloodstream: When infected by bacteria, it can spread to the bloodstream, causing septic shock, lowering blood pressure, preventing the heart from pumping blood to the organs, and causing the organs to fail completely. Therefore, if you have symptoms such as fever with chills, low blood pressure, stomach upset, fast breathing at a fast heart rate, Talk to your doctor Soon.
- Lung abscess.: Occasionally, due to pneumonia, pockets of pus form in the lungs, causing fever, malaise, weight loss, loss of appetite, and coughing. This basically happens when a person has bacterialemia, periodontal disease, weakened immunity, and regular alcohol consumption.
- Pleural effusion, empyema and pleurisy: There are two types of layers around the lungs called the pleura. One from the outside and the other line the area where the lungs of the chest are located. They help the lungs move smoothly when breathing. Pain may occur during breathing. This is due to the swelling of the pleura and the formation of fluid between the pleura. This is known as pleural effusion. And when the liquid is infected, it leads to empyema.
- Respiratory failure: In pneumonia, the lungs become infected, oxygen cannot be transmitted to the organs, and carbon dioxide cannot be removed from the body, leading to this condition. Symptoms are fast breathing, irregular heart rate, anxiety, malaise, loss of consciousness, bluish tint on the skin, fingertips, and nails.
- kidney failure: Although not a common complication of pneumonia, bacterial or septic shock can cause the heart to not pump enough blood to the kidneys and cause the kidneys to malfunction. If pneumonia is associated with other metabolic disorders, kidney failure is more likely.
- heart failure: If you have pneumonia, you are more likely to have heart disease because the heart itself does not have enough supply and the heart may not be able to pump enough blood and oxygen.
All complications of pneumonia should not be taken lightly. Seek medical attention immediately if any of the above symptoms or complications occur. You can also track symptoms such as low blood oxygen, low blood pressure, increased heart rate, and hyperthermia. GOQii Smart Vital.. Early tracking of these symptoms can help you avoid unnecessary complications and get medical assistance on time. You can get it here: store.goqii.com/smartvital
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