Science & Technology

Coral reef ecosystem thrives off the coast of Saudi Arabia

November 26, 2020

Looking down from the International Space Station (ISS), astronauts captured this view of Saudi Arabia’s northwest coastline. Up to 260 species of coral reefs live here. The salty, warm waters off the Arabian Peninsula create an optimal environment for coral reef growth, primarily in shallow lagoons where the coastline meets the Red Sea. As the depth increases, the water changes from bright turquoise to dark blue in the lagoon.

Fringe leafStarts on the coast and grows towards the sea, lining along the northwestern coastline of Saudi Arabia. The biodiversity of coral reefs increases toward the south, and patch reefs and barrier reefs combine with fringe reefs to form a rich ecosystem. Coral reefs are “Sea rainforestBecause of its biodiversity and natural functionality, it provides food sources for other marine life and humans, while at the same time. Coastline protection..

As the population of the arid Arabian Peninsula grows, so does the demand for freshwater supplies. That demand is often Desalination plant..Today the country is the home of the world Largest desalination plantProduces freshwater and saltwater, salty wastewater by-products. Some salt water flows back into the Red Sea, Reduce dissolved oxygen In the aquatic ecosystem.This is known as Hypoxia, And it can pose a serious threat to the red sea coral reef ecosystem and biodiversity.

Astronaut Photo ISS064-E-6296 was acquired on November 26, 2020 with a Nikon D5 digital camera using a 400 mm lens, from the Earth Sciences and Remote Sensing Units of the ISS Crew Earth Observation Facility and Johnson Space Center. It was provided. This image was taken by a member of the Expedition 64 64th Crew. The image was cropped and enhanced to improve contrast and lens artifacts were removed. The International Space Station program supports the Institute as part of the ISS National Institute, where astronauts take pictures of the Earth, which is of greatest value to scientists and the general public, and freely publish those images on the Internet. Make it available. Additional images taken by astronauts and astronauts NASA/ JSC Gateway to Earth astronaut photography. JETS contract with NASA-JSC, caption by Jacobs Amber Turner.

Coral reef ecosystem thrives off the coast of Saudi Arabia Coral reef ecosystem thrives off the coast of Saudi Arabia

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