Science & Technology

Did you get your COVID-19 vaccine?Here’s what to do next

Emily Landon of the University of Chicago School of Medicine discusses herd immunity, the potential for a return to a pre-pandemic lifestyle.

As COVID-19 (new coronavirus infection) (# If there is no character limit, add parentheses when it first appears Vaccine deployment is gaining momentum nationwide, with more and more people SARS-CoV-2 Virus. However, just because you are lucky enough to get the vaccine does not mean that you can return to your pre-pandemic lifestyle. At least not yet.

“Your new vaccine will protect you from serious illness and prevent you from receiving COVID-19 at all,” Assoc said.Professor Emily Landon University of Chicago medicine. “But you can still have a mild or asymptomatic infection, which can still cause a series of infections and complications for others.”

Emily Landon

Professor Emily Landon of the Association.Credit: University of Chicago

Landon, an infectious disease physician who has become one of the state’s leading authorities on pandemics, emphasized the importance of reaching “herd immunity.” vaccine. In such situations, the number of cases remains low because there are few cases and there are not enough sensitive people to be infected with the virus.

Until then, precautions (such as wearing a mask and maintaining distance) should be continued in certain situations.

“Expect things to look more and more” normal “in the coming months. But that doesn’t happen overnight, and there may be steps on the road along the way. In the next Q & A, she will talk about what she can do safely after being vaccinated and the steps you should still take to protect yourself and others.

How effective is the COVID-19 vaccine?

Vaccines make you immune, not invincible. The COVID-19 vaccine currently available in the United States provides outstanding protection against the SARS-CoV-2 virus. However, as in other cases, it is not 100% effective. Current data show that mRNA vaccines are approximately 94% to 95% effective. This means that fully vaccinated people can still be infected with COVID-19. Fully vaccinated people are known to be less ill than unvaccinated, but mild or asymptomatic cases of COVID-19 can be picked up. Then you can spread the virus to people who have not yet been vaccinated.

As the vaccine continues to be deployed and more and more people are vaccinated, the risk of catching a mild case or spreading it to someone else decreases. You will also learn about the strengths and weaknesses of different vaccines in different situations.

When will full protection against COVID-19 take effect?

Vaccines provide a high degree of (not complete) protection from COVID-19, but it also takes time to reach full levels of protection. Both the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine and the Moderna vaccine require two doses and must be given in specific increments. The first dose provides good protection, but does not provide complete and durable protection of the vaccine until 2 weeks after the second dose. The Johnson & Johnson vaccine requires only one dose, but it takes time to reach full protection. Do not assume that you are fully protected until two weeks have passed since the last vaccine (Pfizer and Moderna) or the only vaccine (Johnson & Johnson).

They are so new that there is no data on how long the vaccine protection will last. However, based on what we know about coronavirus and mRNA vaccines, we believe that boosters may be needed in the future. We still don’t know when and how often.

“I hope things will look more and more” normal “in the coming months, but that won’t happen overnight. “

-association.Professor Emily Landon

When is herd immunity achieved?

If you want to see the time after COVID faster, you need two things. More vaccines and more people to get vaccinated.

Illness needs to spread to people. Therefore, the more people who are vaccinated, the safer everyone is. Things are heading in the right direction, but we know that restrictions should not be lifted until the community has a low incidence of COVID-19. And that won’t happen until more people have access to and access to the vaccine.

What can you do after being fully vaccinated?

Vaccination yourself is great, and even if you need to take precautions, it certainly gives you peace of mind.

Latest CDC Guidance People who are fully vaccinated say they can take off their masks and spend time with others who are also fully vaccinated. The nation’s top public health agencies also say that unvaccinated people are from the same household and, in the absence of high-risk health conditions, fully vaccinated people are not vaccinated. It states that it is safe to spend unmasked time together. (If there are unvaccinated people from multiple households, or if unvaccinated people are at high risk, everyone should continue to wear masks, and meet outside Best.)

Even if you live or care for someone who has not yet been vaccinated, limiting unmasked contacts can lead to serious illness rather than mild cases. You need to avoid taking things home.

As cases decrease and vaccination rates increase in your area, close contact with others becomes increasingly safe, but new variants can still lead to another surge. We are nearing the end of this marathon and it is not time to quit early. Cases are declining in most parts of the country, but still high. The combination of high case numbers and increasing vaccination levels creates an epidemiological soup prepared for the breeding of new vaccine-resistant mutants. At the end of the race, that hurdle is absolutely not necessary, so be careful to protect yourself and your loved ones.

Stay on top of community rules and guidance, talk openly with family and friends, and slowly get out of this turmoil, just as you did at the beginning of the pandemic.

Did you get your COVID-19 vaccine?Here’s what to do next Did you get your COVID-19 vaccine?Here’s what to do next

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