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Febrile seizures in children-Apollo Hospital Blog

What is Febrile Seizure?

Febrile seizure It is a seizure or seizure that usually occurs in children between the ages of 6 months and 5 years. These spasms are often caused by ear infections, the flu, fever, or mild childhood illness. In some cases, the child may experience these attacks without a spike in body temperature and may have a fever after a few hours. This condition can occur in children with normal neurological and physical development and is often harmless.Risk Febrile seizure It occurs between the ages of 12 and 18 months.

Febrile seizure It lasts a few minutes, sometimes 15 minutes or more, usually with temperatures around 103 degrees Fahrenheit. Although these seizures are harmless, the condition can be very frightening to parents.

What are the symptoms of febrile seizures?

During the onset of febrile seizures, the child becomes unconscious and his arms and legs begin to quiver uncontrollably. Some children may also experience stiff limbs, cramps on one side or part of the body, and eye rotation. The common symptoms of these seizures are:

  • Violent shaking of arms and legs
  • Stiff arms and legs
  • Cramps on a part of the body
  • Eyes rolling backwards
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Muscle contraction and jaw clenching
  • Dyspnea and spontaneous breathing
  • A sharp rise in body temperature of about 103 degrees Fahrenheit

Based on the duration of the seizure Febrile seizure There are two types of febrile seizures: simple febrile seizures and complex febrile seizures. Seizures that last from a few seconds up to 15 minutes are called simple febrile seizures. These are the most common types that do not recur within 24 hours. In contrast, complex febrile seizures last for more than 15 minutes and can recur within 24 hours. Experience with febrile seizures does not mean that you have epilepsy.

When do you see a doctor?

Febrile seizures are completely harmless, but it is advisable to see a doctor after the child’s first episode of febrile seizures. Seek medical attention immediately if the seizures last for more than 5 minutes and are accompanied by any of the following symptoms:

  • Extreme drowsiness
  • vomiting
  • Dyspnea
  • Neck and back stiffness

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What Causes Febrile Seizure?

A spike in body temperature can be the cause Febrile seizure.. The two most common causes of occurrence are:

Influenza and infectious diseases like illness.. Viral and, rarely, bacterial infections can cause febrile seizures in children. Viral infections such as influenza with high body temperature are often the cause of these attacks.It can also cause ear infections, a common outbreak in children Febrile seizures.

Vaccine or vaccination.. Vaccination against diseases such as diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, measles-mumps-rubella, Febrile seizure.. Febrile seizures can occur after such sessions, as children often experience fever after receiving the vaccine.

What steps should parents take?

Parents or families of children experiencing febrile seizures should be calm and calm. Parents need to observe their children and take some major first aid measures. If your child is experiencing an episode of febrile seizures, you should take the following steps:

  • Make a note of the duration of the seizure. If it lasts longer than 5 minutes, it is advisable to call an ambulance and see a doctor immediately.
  • If you do not recover from the attack within 5 minutes, see your doctor.
  • Place your child in a comfortable position. Do not hold or restrain the child when the seizure is progressing.
  • Place the child sideways or on the abdomen to prevent choking. Loosen restricted clothing that may restrict the airways.
  • Seek medical attention immediately if you have symptoms of extreme lethargy, vomiting, infections, and stiff shoulders.

What are the risk factors for febrile seizures?

Children who are prone to febrile seizures are:

  • Family history of febrile seizures.. Children may inherit the risk of febrile seizures from their relatives.
  • Young age.. Children in the age group of 6 months to 5 years are at risk of experiencing febrile seizures.
  • Medical history.. A child who already has a history of febrile seizures.

What are the complications of febrile seizures?

Most febrile seizures are harmless and heal in a short period of time. However, there is a nominal risk that the child may choke.

Children who experience short-term febrile seizures are slightly more likely to develop epilepsy than the general population. Children suffering from seizures that recur within 24 hours; focal epilepsy (seizures that begin on one side of the brain); or febrile seizures that last more than 10 minutes are at risk of developing epilepsy compared to children who have not experienced febrile seizures. Is moderately high (about 10%).

Most worrisome is a small group of children suffering from very long febrile seizures that last for more than 30 minutes. In such children, the risk of epilepsy is as high as 30-40%, but this condition may not occur for years. Prolonged febrile seizures can damage the hippocampus, a brain structure associated with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), according to recent studies.

What precautions should I take in case of febrile seizures?

Febrile seizures cannot be prevented, but parents can take some avoidable measures.

  • Prescription drugs to control fever may make children more comfortable, but they have not been proven to be effective in preventing febrile seizures.
  • Give your child plenty of water and ORS.
  • Promptly treat possible infections to prevent fever.

Febrile seizures are not harmful and treatment with anticonvulsants is not recommended.

Febrile seizures can be frightening to parents of a child suffering from it, but a calm and calm attitude mixed with awareness of this condition helps to treat the child better.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):

  1. How often are febrile seizures?

Febrile seizures are often unpredictable. Fever, infections, or vaccinations are associated with convulsions. The frequency of occurrence varies from person to person. About 40% of children with a history of febrile seizures experience a recurrence.

  1. Is it possible to have febrile seizures during sleep?

Yes, there are multiple episodes of febrile seizures that occur when a child is sleeping soundly. Seizures usually last for a few minutes, which is why they may go unnoticed.

  1. Can febrile seizures cause permanent neuropathy?

No. Febrile seizures are completely harmless and do not cause neuropathy because they are caused by a surge in body temperature. If the cramps last for more than 15 minutes, it is still advisable to see a doctor.

  1. Are febrile seizures and epilepsy the same?

No. Febrile seizures are associated with high body temperature. In contrast, epilepsy is a neuropathy characterized by seizures and loss of consciousness. Epilepsy is not the result of a surge in body temperature.

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