First Aid Guide for Concussion: Always Be Prepared

Concussion is a head injury that affects brain function. Concussion is almost temporary, but the sequelae can last for a long time, but most people who suffer from concussion recover well.

What are the symptoms of concussion?

Symptoms appear hours or days after the injury. Symptoms are mild or intense and can last for days or weeks. The signs of a concussion are:

● Amnesia or amnesia. Forget what happened that caused the concussion.

● Headache

● Nausea and vomiting

● Tinnitus

● Fatigue and dizziness

● Blurred vision

● Disorientation and a sense of confusion

● Speech delay

● Loss of consciousness (rarely occurs)

● Sensitivity and other personality changes

● Sleep disorders

● Forget things

● Light or noise sensitivity

● Standing dizziness

How long will the symptoms last?

For first-year or second-year concussion, it can take minutes, hours, or days to wear. In rare cases, the first two grades of symptoms may last for weeks. Patients should see a doctor for all grades of concussion.

What is the first aid for concussion?

Here are some ways to provide first aid to someone suffering from a concussion:

  • Suppose you have a concussion. Suppose that if someone suffers a head injury, it can always lead to a concussion. This will help you maintain the correct state of mind to deal with the situation.
  • Take people to a safe place: It doesn’t matter where the incident happened. The first move is to take the person to a safe place.
  • Get medical help: Ask for medical help. If you notice severe symptoms, you should see a doctor immediately.
  • Make sure the person is breathing and that they have no breathing problems.
  • They may behave normally: After a head injury, a person may behave normally as if nothing had happened. However, keep in mind that head injuries can lead to concussion.
  • Do not allow the victim to drink alcohol.
  • Observe the patient after an injury as symptoms may appear late.

How to treat a concussion before medical assistance appears?

  • Apply a cold compress to reduce swelling. You can use cold packaged food and ice.
  • Do not allow victims to take aspirin or ibuprofen as it can cause bleeding.
  • If you have cuts or bleeding, apply pressure with a clean cloth to create a clot and delay the bleeding.

When should I see a doctor?

Concussion can occur in both adults and children. It is essential to know when to see a doctor. Usually, after a concussion, the affected person wants to sleep. It’s okay as long as you don’t notice any serious signs.

If your child suffers a serious head injury, you should see a doctor as soon as possible so that you can better monitor the situation. Here are some signs that you should let you know if you should take the suffering person to a doctor right away:

● Loss of consciousness for 30 seconds or more

● Severe headaches that get worse over time

● Bleeding and water from the nose and ears

● Tinnitus continues

● Blurred vision

● Disorientation and confusion

These are certainly signs of concussion. If you notice these in a person, it means that the damage is affecting brain function and a concussion may have occurred. In these situations, it can get worse, so seek immediate ER or emergency medical care.

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What Causes a Concussion?

Our brain is a sensitive organ with the consistency of gelatin and jelly. Cerebrospinal fluid protects the brain from the shocks and shocks we may experience in our daily lives. Head or neck injuries in the form of decisive blows, falls, or violent shaking affect brain function and cause concussion.

Brain damage can cause bleeding, which can be fatal. Therefore, it is important to monitor people with concussion so that things do not get worse.

What is the type of concussion?

There are grades of concussion depending on its severity. There are three grades of concussion.

First grade: This is when the symptoms are mild and last for less than 15 minutes without losing consciousness. The victim is awake, but just vaguely confused about what happened.

Second grade: This is when the symptoms last for more than 15 minutes. This grade also does not involve loss of consciousness.

Third grade: This is the most serious type of concussion. It happens when a person loses consciousness. It often results in episodes of amnesia in which the patient remembers nothing before the incident.

What are the risk factors?

The following is a list of activities that may increase your chances of developing a concussion.

● Recent falls due to height and head injuries, especially for older people and toddlers

● I was injured while playing high-risk sports such as soccer, boxing, and rugby.

● Play sports without proper safety equipment

● Experience physical abuse or get involved in a fight

● If you have a car accident or a motorcycle accident

● Being a soldier and participating in battle

● Past medical history important for concussion

Who is at increased risk of developing complications from a concussion?

  • People over 65
  • History of hemophilia (increased bleeding due to injury)
  • History of thrombophilia (a condition in which blood coagulates very quickly)
  • People taking medication to avoid blood clots
  • History of medical interventions, including neurosurgery

What could be some of the following complications?

Concussion can cause a variety of complications, including:

  • Post-concussion syndrome: Headache, nausea, dizziness and other concussion symptoms lasting more than 3 months
  • Post-traumatic headache: If you experience a concussion headache, even after 7 days
  • Post-traumatic dizziness: If dizziness or rotation persists for days, weeks, or months after the injury, it may be post-traumatic dizziness.
  • Second-impact syndrome: If you experience a second concussion before the effects of the first concussion are resolved, you may experience potentially fatal concussion. To avoid this, athletes are advised to stay away from sports after experiencing a concussion.

What are some of the measures you can take to prevent a concussion?

Some precautions are:

  • Wear a helmet while playing sports
  • Wear protective equipment while riding or riding a bicycle. Wear a helmet and always fasten your seat belt.
  • Be careful not to let small children fall from heights or slip and fall.
  • Make sure your house is not in danger of falling, such as loose stairs.


Concussion can have lasting and serious consequences if not treated on time. This is not a life-threatening situation, but it can cause some difficulties for the victim in later life. To prevent this, people need to be aware of concussion and its preventative measures.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

1.1. Can you immediately notice a concussion?

In most cases, with a concussion, the symptoms are immediate. However, it may take some time for the symptoms to appear. Patients need to be monitored for several hours after the accident.

2.2. What if someone notices a concussion?

Ask them to stay still and tell you how they feel. Please contact medical service immediately. Ask the patient not to move too much. Make sure they don’t move suddenly.

3.3. Should Patients with Concussion Drive?

No, concussion affects hand-eye coordination and makes driving dangerous. Patients should be allowed to follow their doctor’s advice on driving only after their symptoms have resolved.

4.4. Are Emotional Changes Side Effects of Concussion?

Yes, some people experience emotional changes after having a concussion. Emotions seen include stress, depression, and anxiety. It is best to keep victims of concussion away from stressful situations.

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