Science & Technology

Five activities to prevent cognitive decline

If your day consists of Inadequate sleep, Excessive screen time, When Little or no physical activity, Then you may be harming your health in more than one way. These factors are generally known to be detrimental to an individual’s physical and emotional health, but they also affect cognitive health.

Cognitive health, or ability Thinking, learning, and remembering Daily functions..Basic things like communicating with others, paying attention, and remembering information concern Various types of cognitive processes that occur unconsciously.You may think it’s premature to worry about your cognition, but research shows that engaging in psychologically stimulating activities throughout your life Related Cognitive decline in later years will be delayed.

Contrary to what they claim Computer-based cognitive training software, Also Popular brain training mobile applicationIt has not been scientifically proven to delay cognitive decline or protect against mild cognitive impairment. Here are five activities you can perform instead:

1. Language learning

Learning a new language has cognitive benefits as it is a complex process stimulate David Copeland, an associate professor of psychology at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas and director of the Reasoning and Memory Lab, describes different areas of the brain. Understanding the syntax and semantics of another language, forming new grammatical structures, and mastering vocabulary all require enormous and consistent mental effort.

NS 2019 study A four-month language learning program has been found to have the potential to maintain brain plasticity and improve mental functioning in the elderly.In addition, intensive language learning gain Cortex thickness of the brain and hippocampal volume associated with General intelligence When Declarative memory performance..

People often Estimated Knowing multiple languages ​​disrupts the brain and complicates cognitive development.In fact, active use of more than one language will help you protect Your brain against cognitive decline.

2. Meditation

Many studies have investigated the effects of meditation on cognition. 2014 systematic review It suggests that it may offset the decline in cognitive function associated with age.You can get various brain areas activation When meditating, including attention-related neural structures, it may explain why four NS Five The number of days of meditation training is ability Focus on a particular stimulus while adjusting other distractions.Also research suggest Long-term meditators have more folds in the outer layers of the brain than those who do not meditate, which can increase their ability to process information.

3. Physical activity

Not just regular exercise Boost It prevents physical fitness and chronic illness, but it can also improve brain health. NS 2011 study We have discovered that exercise training can improve memory function by increasing the size of the hippocampus, a part of the brain that is involved in the formation and preservation of new memory. Moreover, 2017 study Physical activity has also been shown to increase brain glucose metabolism in areas of the brain that are important for learning and memory, and may help fight Alzheimer’s disease.

NS Extensive research How to show physical fitness Prevent It is believed that cognitive decline and many different mechanisms are at work. Promotion Neuroplasticity, Improvement Vascular Health — Factors Impact Cognitive function — and stimulate Brain growth factors involved in protecting or increasing neuronal health may be behind these motor-induced benefits, Laura, a professor of internal medicine, neurology, and public health science at Wakeforest School of Medicine. D. Baker said.

4. Leisure reading

The act of reading is a cognitive process concern Understanding, deductive reasoning, critical analysis. Activates several areas in the brain, To maintain You were mentally stimulated. According to a 14-year longitudinal study, reading at least twice a week Related The risk of cognitive decline is reduced. Researchers also suggested that reading may increase cognitive capital to resist age-related loss of cognitive function. Further research is needed to assess whether reading directly prevents cognitive impairment, but by engaging in intellectual stimulation activities, Slow Age-related decline in memory and thinking.

5. Social activities

“Social interactions are considered as important to brain health as cognitive stimuli,” says Baker. “This is another form of enrichment that can lead to increased brain activity in areas important for memory and attention.” Studies show that having a socially active lifestyle in later years. delay With memory loss Protect For dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.Increased social When Emotional Support can also improve cognitive ability.

Small social networks and rare social interactions, also known as Social isolation, Associated Decrease With cognitive function gain Poor memory.Also Will increase Risk of depression, reduce Cognitive ability To spoil memory. therefore, Maintain regular interactions Using social networks through gatherings, phone calls and video calls is very important to your health.

“Our brain has evolved as a social animal, so we usually need social interactions to stimulate a healthy brain,” says Copeland. “Conversations are much more complicated than we think.”

Five activities to prevent cognitive decline

https://www.discovermagazine.com/health/5-activities-that-prevent-cognitive-decline Five activities to prevent cognitive decline

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