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Food Recycling-BusinessWorld Online


People are now suffering from high fuel and food prices. Connect this with the long-term problems of agriculture. It ultimately affects food supply. Even food imports have ceased due to soaring shipping costs and problems with Ukraine, a major exporter of wheat and other foods. And instead of saving resources, many people are still wasting food.

The challenge for the current parliament, which will be held on July 25, is to succeed where the previous parliament failed to legislate compulsory reductions in food waste. It’s bad enough that food is pretty expensive today. It is simply a crime against humanity that either the consumer or the producer ultimately wastes food due to poverty and hunger around us.

In 2016, Senate Bill No. 357 was submitted to help address food waste by proposing that food facilities be required to donate surplus food to charities and food banks. .. A similar bill, House Bill 8873, provides for the creation and regulation of food banks to receive surplus edible food donated to charities. Both bills died of starvation — for caution.

After that, House Building No. 3370 or the Food Waste Reduction Act fiMandating donations of surplus edible food for charitable purposes has helped promote the creation of food banks. A similar bill was proposed as Senate Bill No. 1242 or the Zero Food Waste Act.Some other related bills fiGuided at once. To attract attention, everyone died of starvation.

The elements of these bills were all the same. Basically, a food maker, a food facility, a supermarket with a sales space of at least 500 meters, and a cooking school with at least 50 students, first for a health check and then for a donation to a food bank. , You need to secure edible surplus food. Food is checked by a health inspector before being handed over to a certified food bank that serves the poor. Food banks then distribute food to recipients for identification by local and national government agencies.

The concept is very simple. In fact, it works in other countries as well. But for some reason, it doesn’t seem to get the attention it deserves locally. The supply of recycled food at banks exceeds demand, which can generate a “surplus” of waste. Then the recycling issue is simply moved down in the timeline. But in a poor country where millions of people are hungry, this is unlikely.

As early as 2016, France became the first country in the world to ban supermarkets from wasting food. French law prohibited food from throwing away food that was closest to the earliest date. Such food must instead be donated to charities and food banks, where it can be used to prepare meals for the poor.

Supermarkets that violated the ban fined, and their owners or executive officers were imprisoned. Supermarkets with a footprint of at least 400 square meters were created to sign donation contracts with charities or face penalties. The food industry was also encouraged to feed surplus products directly from factories to food banks.

And in 2016, there was a “food waste” supermarket that opened in the UK, and we started to work with other supermarkets to make effective use of such food. “Real Junk Food Project” opens fiThe first warehouse in Leeds acted as a “food waste supermarket” where poor people could receive food that would have been abandoned.

But food is not free.People were expected to pay what they couldffDonate time to ord, or project volunteers instead.Food that has passed the expiration date will be rechecked if it still remains fiFor human consumption t; In addition, goods are sent to partner cafes and restaurants, where they are prepared and cooked meals are sold to those who need them.

According to the World Economic Forum (WEF), in 2019, the world wasted more than 1.3 billion tonnes of food each year. He also mentioned reducing food waste by up to 20 million tonnes as one of the 12 steps to help transform the global food system by 2030. He also mentioned South Korea, which recycles 95% of food waste from just 2% in a few years. return.

In a report by senior writer Douglas Bloom, the WEF said South Korea “has taken fundamental steps to ensure that a pile of wasted food is recycled.”For one thing, it banned the dumping of food on the landfills. After that, by promoting composting at home, we made it mandatory to recycle food waste. Food waste should also be placed in a special biodegradable bag for $ 6 per month (P300).

The Korean government has also approved the use of recycled food waste as fertilizers and animal feeds. And in Seoul, the WEF said: Machines that pay for recycling have reduced food waste in the city by 47,000 tonnes over a six-year period. “

“Residents are encouraged to reduce the weight of the waste they deposit by removing water. fiAt first. Not only did this reduce the fees they pay (food waste is about 80% water), but it also saved the city’s collection fees by $ 8.4 million over the same period, “the WEF report said. .. “Waste collected using the biodegradable bag method is squeezed in a treatment plant to remove water and used to produce biogas and bio-oil. Dry waste turns into fertilizer, which Now helps drive the farm movement in the country’s fast-growing cities. “

But in the end, the problem of food recycling comes down to people’s diet.The way people buy, cook, service, and distribute food makes a big difference.ffThe difference between the amount of food waste that is ultimately generated and the amount of waste that must be recycled. The debate against recycling is a moral hazard because it can foster inefficient production and consumption. Efficient production and consumption generate little or no waste and reduce the need for recycling.

However, the Philippines said,PagpagIn, scavengers “recycle” by passing through trash cans, cleaning, re-cooking, repacking food waste and selling it in poorer areas. But there are more appropriate, humane, and hygienic ways to do virtually the same thing. It is strange that the Philippines has failed to pass the Food Waste Reduction Act over the last six years through two parliaments and two governments. This is a major issue for the current administration to consider.

Marvin Tort is a former Editor-in-Chief of Business World and a former Chairman of the Philippine Press Council.

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