Cancer is a very complex disease. There are many types of cancer and many possible causes. Not all factors related to cancer are known, but many factors that can contribute to the development of cancer are well documented.
The main factors that play a role are genetic composition and family history. However, external factors that a person may be able to control, such as lifestyle, also have an effect.
One of the most important aspects to consider for a healthy life is a person’s diet. This is because certain foods are associated with an increased risk of certain types of cancer and other illnesses.
What foods can increase your risk of cancer?
Certain foods may increase the risk of type 2 diabetes and obesity associated with certain types of cancer. Other foods contain carcinogens, which are dangerous substances that can cause cancer.
However, it is worth noting that exposure to carcinogens does not always cause cancer. The risk of cancer depends not only on the extent and duration of exposure to carcinogens, but also on the person’s genetics.
The foods that can increase the risk of different types of cancer are:
1. Processed meat
All types of meat that are smoked, salted, salted, canned, etc. are processed meats. Most of the processed meat is lean meat. Specific examples of processed lean meat are:
- hot dog
- Beef jerky
- Corned beef
Carcinogens can be made by the methods used in the production of processed meats. Curing meat with nitrite can produce carcinogens called N-nitroso compounds. Smoked meat can generate carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs).
Processed meat is a major risk factor for colorectal cancer and has been shown to be associated with gastric cancer. Mass consumption of processed meats is also associated with an increased risk of breast cancer.
2. Fried food
Cooking starchy foods at high temperatures produces a compound called acrylamide. Compounds can also be formed during frying, baking, roasting, and toasting.
Fried starchy foods, including French fries and fried potato products such as potato chips, are very high in acrylamide. Acrylamide damages DNA and causes apoptosis or cell death.
Eating too much fried food increases your risk of type 2 diabetes and obesity. Oxidative stress and inflammation are also promoted by these conditions, further increasing the risk of cancer.
3. Overheated food
Carcinogens can be produced by overheated foods, especially meat. Cooking meat at high temperatures produces carcinogenic PAHs and heterocyclic amines (HCAs), which can alter the DNA of human cells, which can increase the risk of cancer. It includes the following cooking methods:
- Pan fry
Acrylamide formation is increased by overcooking starchy foods such as potatoes. To reduce the risk of carcinogens from hot cooking, people need to try the following healthy cooking methods:
- Pressure cooker
- Roasting or baking at low temperature
- Cook slowly in a clock pot or slow cooker
4. Dairy products
Dairy products such as milk, cheese and yogurt can increase the risk of prostate cancer. Ingestion of dairy products raises levels of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1). This is associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer because IGF-1 can increase the growth or production of prostate cancer cells.
5. Sugar and refined carbohydrates
The risk of cancer can be indirectly increased by sugary foods and refined carbohydrates. Specific examples of these foods are:
- Sweet drink with sugar
- Baked confectionery
- White pasta, bread, rice
- Sweet cereal
Eating foods high in sugar and starch increases your risk of developing type 2 diabetes and obesity. Inflammation and oxidative stress are promoted by both of these conditions. This may increase the risk of certain types of cancer.
The risk of ovarian, breast, and endometrial (uterine) cancer is increased by type 2 diabetes. Eating too much sugar or refined carbohydrates can lead to high blood sugar levels, which can be a risk factor for colorectal cancer.
To reduce the health effects of refined carbohydrates, try changing these foods to healthy options such as:
- Whole-grain bread
- Whole grain pasta
- brown rice
When alcohol is consumed
By people, Their liver breaks down alcohol into carcinogenic compounds called acetaldehyde. Acetaldehyde promotes DNA damage and oxidative stress and interferes with the functioning of the immune system, making it difficult for the body to target precancerous cells and cancer cells.
Alcohol raises estrogen levels in a woman’s body. This is associated with an increased risk of estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer.
Processed meats, overheated foods, and fried foods may contain carcinogens and cancer-causing compounds, which may increase the risk of certain types of cancer.
Alcohol produces carcinogens when digested by the body. Dairy products, sugar, and refined carbohydrates can increase the risk of certain types of cancer.
To reduce the risk of cancer, people should strive to reduce the consumption of these foods and focus on healthy lifestyles. This includes eating more foods that have a lower risk of causing cancer, exercising regularly, and finding ways to reduce stress.