Science & Technology

Four Latin X teens are using science to tackle climate change, coffee-killing fungi, hyperpigmentation, and mental health. [Infographic]

Earlier this month, 40 finalists Regeneron Science Talent SearchThe country’s oldest and most prestigious science and math competition for high school seniors. Within that group, four promising LatinX students introduced a project that undertook some of the world’s bigger problems. These young men and women are the inspiration for the undervalued community of STEM’s workforce.

according to Pew Research CenterToday, the Hispanic community accounts for about 16% of the total workforce in the United States. However, of the 11 million people working in the US STEM field, that number has dropped to 7%. Underestimation can make the younger generation feel unwelcome or worthless in pursuing education at STEM.

Below are four students stimulating the Latin X role model. These students clearly demonstrate that with the right support, education and tools, anyone with ambition and determination can change the world through science and engineering.

Rebecca Monji, Carmel High School, Carmel, New York

Rebecca is a first-generation American-Latin American. Her project is studying how the Earth’s polar regions are warming faster than the rest of the Earth. Growing up in a dense urban environment, her parents worked hard to give them the opportunity to appreciate nature. Whenever I was outside, I was catching frogs, hiking, and participating in many other activities that fostered a love for the environment. She began studying climate change as a way to give back naturally.

The idea for Rebecca’s project came to her when she learned about the massive temperature changes that are taking place in the coldest parts of the world. To investigate the mechanism of this phenomenon, she used new programming services and climate models from the sixth phase of the Combined Model Intercomparison Project. In doing so, she discovered that parts of Norway and Greenland could be the impetus for polar amplification.

Rebecca was also motivated by the desire to represent her community at STEM. She states: “Every time I grew up and studied scientists on school projects, I had a hard time finding a woman who looked like me. That’s why some of me started believing that STEM didn’t have my place. A few years later, I realized that this idea was completely wrong. Young Latin X student = I hope you see me not only in STEM, but as proof that you are STEM. The world may otherwise try to convince us, but if there’s one thing the LatinX community is good at, it’s changing the world for the better. ”

Rebecca hopes to extend her research to other aspects of global warming in the future and plans a dual major in racial and ethnology compared to environmental concentration at university.

Michael gomez, Bergen County Academy, Hackensack, NJ

For Michael’s project, he chose to study an anti-inflammatory drug known as celecoxib. He chose this drug because he recognized the potential for treating pigmented conditions on human skin. He used pre-Covid-19 wet lab procedures and then followed up on dry lab procedures. The results of his experiments showed that high doses of celecoxib may increase pigmentation and lower doses may reduce pigmentation.

The motivation for this project came after Michael noticed the over-pigmented scars on his skin as a result of acne.He wanted to find a way to train

With these wounds as a way to increase his own self-esteem and the self-esteem of others.

Michael says Forbes, “I think Latin Americans are underestimated in the scientific community. I’m proud to represent Latin Americans in the Regeneron Science Talent Search. It doesn’t happen overnight to reach this point. It took years of hard work and dedication to build a strong science education. Michael advises fellow students and his LatinX colleagues, especially in the Latin community. There are many of us in the first generation. Our parents may not fully understand the American education system, but don’t be discouraged. To yourself to succeed Take it, and it won’t get in your way. Be proud of our people. ”

Michael wants to pursue MD-PhD and study the therapeutic effects of cannabis. Cannabis is a plant that he believes has not been fully studied as being associated with scarring, pigmentation, and wound healing.

Tari fingerMichael M. Crop High School in Miami, Florida

Tari is of Brazilian descent and she chose to study the spectrum of repetitive or compulsive behavior for her project. To achieve this, she used machine learning-based research to study the genes associated with that spectrum. She discovered microRNAs that control the network of genes central to the selected spectrum. Prior to her discovery, microRNAs of these disorders had not previously been identified. As she says, “I am based on the expression of genes involved in disorders in various areas of the human brain, the progression of such behavior from simple motor stereotypes to highly complex mental impulses. I was able to outline an evolutionary model that features. ”

Tari was encouraged to study this subject after learning about the overwhelming number of suicides in the United States. About 90% of these deaths are said to be associated with psychiatric disorders such as depression, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. She was also inspired by Brazilian theoretical physicist Marcelo Gleiser, a professor of Dartmouth who encourages young Brazilians to pursue STEM.

In the future, Tari wants to pursue a major in biomedical engineering and MD-PhD to maximize his contribution to society through medicine and science.

Edgar Sosa, Greenwich High School, Greenwich, Connecticut

Edgar’s project, an immigrant from Guatemala, focused on creating a foliar treatment of a fungus called Hemileia granatritus. The fungus has killed Guatemalan coffee plants for several years, destroying up to 80% of yields in some areas. Edgar witnessed this directly in 2013 when his family lost their farm. Then they decided to move to the United States where he started attending Greenwich High School. So he began his research under the guidance of Andrew Bramante, who found many possibilities for young scientists.

Edgar’s research focused on the use of metal oxide nanoparticles such as copper zinc and manganese as a pretreatment. To complete the lab study, coffee rust was not allowed in the United States, so a model bacterium called Alternaria had to be used. To test this pretreatment, Edgar sprayed the coffee plants with copper nanoparticles and waited until the next day before spraying the samples. Of Alternaria. He discovered that copper particles could prevent the fungus from spreading to the plant and killing it. In addition, copper has given the treated coffee plants an additional 11-13% growth. Edgar also observed that the fungus may be creating a biofilm that blocks the exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen in plants. Therefore, it was suffocated.

When asked why he chose this theme, Edgar said, “I’m doing this not only for my family, but for all those who depend on coffee production. Coffee is my family. Helps farmers like to access a better lifestyle. Guatemala is known as a really poor country facing many problems and coffee plays a big role in its economy. Not only do coffee producers benefit from coffee production, but the whole country benefits from it. ”

Edgar plans to pursue his research while in college. Also, when I can travel abroad safely, I would like to try an actual method of treating coffee rust in a coffee field in southeastern Guatemala in my hometown of Esquipulas. income.

These four young men and women will undoubtedly make great strides in their areas of choice. While they do, they also encourage other people in the LatinX community to do the same. Future scientists in the world rely on inspiration from the generations that came before them. This is why expression is so important in every field.

Edgar Sosa said: “For young students who want to get involved in science, science is a great tool available to us, and when used properly, it can make a big difference in the world and solve the biggest problems. Problems around the world. Science. Is not wise. If you are curious enough and working hard, nothing can stop you. “

Four Latin X teens are using science to tackle climate change, coffee-killing fungi, hyperpigmentation, and mental health. [Infographic]

https:///sites/kevinanderton/2021/03/29/4-latinx-teens-are-using-science-to-take-on-climate-change-a-coffee-killing-fungus-hyperpigmentation-and-mental-health-infographic/ Four Latin X teens are using science to tackle climate change, coffee-killing fungi, hyperpigmentation, and mental health. [Infographic]

Back to top button