Covid-19 is a respiratory illness that is very likely to reach the airways, including the lungs. People with Covid-19 can suffer from mild to severe respiratory disabilities. In addition, the disease can also lead to the formation of cancerous tissue, causing heart disease and many other serious symptoms.
Covid-19 and lungs-what is the connection?
Covid-19 is caused by SARS-CoV-2, a virus in the coronavirus family. Inhaling air with SARS-CoV-2 contacts the inner layer of mucus in the nose. The same thing happens with the lining of tissues in the eyes and mouth when you touch a part of your body after coming into contact with the virus. SARS-CoV-2 enters healthy cells, proliferates into new viral cells, and infects cells in organs. The infection begins with common flu-like symptoms and can gradually progress to severe symptoms. (Read also: Coronavirus, flu, cold or something else-how to identify?)
SARS-CoV-2 usually infects the upper and lower respiratory tract. When infected, the inner walls of the respiratory tract become inflamed and can become inflamed. In severe cases, the infection can also spread to the alveoli.
What are the common respiratory illnesses caused by Covid-19?
About 80% of people infected with Covid-19 suffer from mild to moderate symptoms such as respiratory distress, chronic cough, and chest pain. Some people can also suffer from pneumonia and cystic fibrosis.
Common lung problems caused by Covid-19 are:
1. Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)
When SARS-CoV-2 infects the respiratory tract and enters the lungs, it affects the air sacs and blood vessels in the lungs. People with ARDS caused by Covid-19 can experience shortness of breath and eventually suffer from lung failure. People affected by ARDS often have difficulty breathing and may need mechanical support to circulate oxygen in the body. ARDS is a state of emergency, and if treatment is not in time, the condition can lead to fatal complications. ARDS can leave affected people with long-term lung scarring and respiratory problems.
When a person suffers from pneumonia, the lungs are filled with infected fluid, which inflames the lungs and causes breathing problems. People with pneumonia may need mechanical ventilation support or oxygen cylinders to receive respiratory assistance. When Covid-19 affects the lungs and causes pneumonia, it limits an individual’s ability to breathe oxygen, causing shortness of breath and constant coughing. Pneumonia associated with Covid-19 can be much more severe than in normal situations. Long-term effects can spread even after a person has recovered from their condition.
One of the respiratory complications that can be caused by Covid-19 is sepsis. Sepsis is a very serious condition. In sepsis, the covid-19 virus enters the bloodstream, infects tissues, and spreads throughout the bloodstream. When Covid-19 causes sepsis, the cooperation between the lungs, heart, and blood vessels breaks down. Sepsis can cause the entire respiratory system to stop functioning. Sepsis can have serious long-term effects on the lungs and other parts of the respiratory system.
4. Superinfection of the lungs
People affected by Covid-19 are very likely to get other infections caused by the flow of bacteria and other viruses. If your immune system fights the Covid-19 virus very hard, it will eventually weaken and you are at risk of developing other illnesses. Most of them can have a significant effect on the lungs.
Covid-19 infection can also cause disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). DIC is a condition in which blood clots form in the body and blood vessels are occluded. DIC can cause symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, speech problems, and difficulty moving.
Common Symptoms of Lung Infections Caused by Covid-19
Lung infections caused by Covid-19 can lead to the development of the following symptoms:
- Hypoxia level in the blood
- X-ray image opacity and glassy appearance of lungs and chest
- Final exacerbation of symptoms
What are the factors that determine lung damage from Covid-19?
According to medical research, there are three factors that increase the risk of damage to the lungs infected with Covid-19.
1. Disease severity – Whether you have moderate or severe breathing problems, the severity of Covid-19 is such that it has serious effects on the lungs and causes long-term scarring in the tissues of the lungs.
2. General health – Existing health is a major factor in determining the severity of lung damage caused by the Covid-19 virus. People with heart disease or chronic pulmonary obstructive disease are at increased risk of lung damage from Covid-19.
3. Treatment- The treatment you receive greatly affects the degree of lung damage caused by Covid-19. The long-term effects of the virus on the lungs are highly dependent on the type of treatment the patient receives.
How does Covid-19 spread?
The Covid-19 virus can spread from one individual to another via droplets through breathing, coughing, and sneezing. Droplets can move in the air or fall to the surface and can spread by physical touch through the eyes, nose, or mouth. The virus then spreads throughout the body through the passage of the throat. When infected, a person can experience symptoms within 3-7 days. The common symptoms are:
- Chills and sweat
- Dry cough
- Body pain
- Loss of taste and smell
- Extreme fatigue
How to reduce the chance of lung damage with Covid-19?
There is no reliable and reliable way to reduce the effects of Covid-19 in the lungs. Inhaling the air in which the virus is present is very likely to affect the lungs in a very short time. The only thing you can do is proper management and prevention.
If you are in a state of health that is susceptible to the Covid-19 virus, do everything you can to control that condition. If you have heart problems or diabetes, check your condition regularly and take all the medicines your doctor prescribes.
To reduce the overall contamination of Covid-19, you can:
- Continue to be well nourished and hydrated. Proper hydration is important for the right amount of blood.
- Avoid exposure to the virus until fully vaccinated.
- If you are in the community, keep a social distance.
- Wear a face mask when talking, coughing, or sneezing. Practice this habit even when you are with your family.
- Wash your hands if you come in contact with material surfaces or objects outside the house.
- Take vitamin C, vitamin D, zinc and iron supplements.
- If you feel unwell, stay home and contact your healthcare provider if you experience Covid-19 symptoms. (Read also: Covid-19 Vaccine for India 18+-Everything You Need to Know)
Is Covid-19 Lung Damage Reversible?
Doctors believe that the lungs can recover, but it can take a long time, sometimes years. Dr. Galliazzatos, MD, MHS, Associate Professor of Medicine, and experts in the diagnosis and treatment of obstructive lung disease said: “Recovery from lung damage takes time. There is initial damage to the lungs, followed by scarring. Over time, the tissue heals, but human lung function is before COVID-19. It may take 3 months to a year or more to return to the level of. “ (Source: Hopkins Medicine)