A group of diseases characterized primarily by the inflamed gastrointestinal tract (GI) Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
There is no known cause for IBD. Studies have also shown that genetic, genetic, and environmental factors play a vital role in the development of the disease.
When developed, Inflammatory bowel disease It lasts a lifetime and can be treated with anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive drugs. Depending on the type of illness, surgery may relieve symptoms and improve quality of life to some extent.
What are the types of inflammatory bowel disease?
Inflammatory bowel disease It can be divided into two main types. These are:
- Crohn’s disease: The disease can cause inflammation in any part of the digestive tract. However, it mainly affects the tail end of the small intestine.
- Ulcerative colitis: With inflammation of the large intestine
Both of these illnesses cause severe diarrhea, weight loss, malaise, and extensive abdominal pain.
What are the symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease?
Symptoms Inflammatory bowel disease It varies and varies from mild to severe. It also depends heavily on any part of the inflamed gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms of both Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are:
- stomach ache
- Bloody stool
- Weight loss
When do you see a doctor?
Observe changes in bowel movements or see a doctor immediately if you continue to have abdominal pain.But Inflammatory bowel disease It is not fatal, it affects quality of life and can cause complications.
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What Causes Inflammatory Bowel Disease?
Causes of influence Inflammatory bowel disease I’m not sure.Physicians and researchers now say that diet and stress (previously understood as causative factors) are not always Inflammatory bowel disease However, it will worsen the patient’s condition.
The most plausible reason is the immune system’s attack on the digestive tract, as well as the attack on harmful bacteria and viruses that invade the digestive system. Some doctors also Inflammatory bowel disease It can also be hereditary. However, most patients with IBD have no family history.
What are the risk factors for inflammatory bowel disease?
Risk factors that increase your chances of having Inflammatory bowel disease Ha:
- Heredity: Not proven, but more likely to get Inflammatory bowel disease If you have relatives who are suffering the same.
- age: Most patients Inflammatory bowel disease Diagnosed before the age of 30. However, it can also be affected later in life.
- smoking: Smoking is associated with Crohn’s disease and is a controllable risk factor.
- Ethnicity: Studies show that whites are at high risk Inflammatory bowel disease.. But it can happen to people of any race.
- medicine: Ingestion of certain non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and diclofenac increases risk and worsens the condition of existing patients Inflammatory bowel disease..
- environment: Living in an industrial area and eating a fatty diet plays an important role in increasing the risk of developing the disease. Inflammatory bowel disease..
What are the treatment options for inflammatory bowel disease?
Inflammatory bowel diseaseAs the name implies, it causes widespread inflammation. Therefore, treatment is aimed at reducing this inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. Some of the medicines that will be prescribed by your doctor are mentioned below:
- Anti-inflammatory drug: These medicines are the first medicines prescribed for treatment by your doctor Inflammatory bowel disease.. These mainly include aminosalicylic acid and corticosteroids.
- Antibiotics: In the case of an infection, the doctor will also prescribe certain antibiotics such as metronidazole and ciprofloxacin. This is mainly found in perianal Crohn’s disease.
- Immunosuppressant: Your doctor may also prescribe immunosuppressive drugs that prevent your immune system from causing inflammation. Some of these drugs are azathioprine, methotrexate, and cyclosporine.
- Other medicines: Your doctor can also prescribe other medications to treat diarrhea and pain and give you iron, calcium, and vitamin D supplements.
What are the complications of inflammatory bowel disease?
If you have chronic, you can develop serious complications Inflammatory bowel disease.. These complications are:
Possible complications of IBD include:
- Colon cancer
- Malnutrition with weight loss as a result
- An ulcer or fistula that passes through the wall of the intestine and creates holes between various parts of the digestive tract
- Intestinal obstruction
- Perforation or rupture of the intestine
In rare cases, a serious attack of IBD can put an individual in shock, which can be life-threatening. Shock is generally caused by blood loss during a long and sudden episode of bloody diarrhea.
Prevention and management of IBD
The specific cause of IBD is unknown, but the following precautions can be applied to reduce active IBD.Certain dietary and lifestyle changes can help significantly reduce Inflammatory bowel disease.. Some of these changes that can be implemented are:
- Low fat food.. The intestines may find it very difficult to digest fat, especially if you have Crohn’s disease. Therefore, reducing fat intake improves diarrhea and prevents irritable bowel syndrome.
- Reduce fiber. High-fiber fruits and vegetables can exacerbate symptoms, especially from the cabbage family, so it is advisable to consume steamed or roasted fruits and vegetables rather than raw fruits and vegetables.
- Limit dairy products. Most patients also experience much relief from their symptoms after reduced dairy consumption.
- Avoid caffeine, alcohol and spicy foods.
- The main factors that stop smoking, relieve stress, and make it worse Inflammatory bowel diseaseIt can also reduce symptoms and relieve inflammation.
Apart from these, eating small meals, drinking plenty of fluids, and taking multivitamin supplements are effective. In addition to this, it is always advisable to consult a dietitian to discuss the dietary plan in detail.
How long will IBD last?
There is no cure yet Inflammatory bowel disease.. You will experience a stage of remission where the disease is inactive and a stage where there is a lot of inflammation in the digestive tract. Anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive drugs can increase the duration of disease inactivity. Therefore, because it is a chronic disease Inflammatory bowel disease It is expected to last a lifetime. Some patients report a decrease in symptoms after 60 years. Still, the vast majority of patients do not report such a decrease.
Drugs that relieve inflammation are prescribed by a doctor for life or for the duration of the symptoms. Additional medications are prescribed depending on the severity. In addition to this, eating low-fat and low-fiber foods, avoiding dairy products, avoiding caffeine and spicy foods, quitting smoking, and reducing stress can greatly help prevent active IBD.
Therefore, IBD cannot be time stamped, but many things can be done to prevent its deterioration. It also helps if you take great care to make significant lifestyle changes to prevent future aggressive relapses. Moreover, determining the severity and duration of the disease is a way to prevent frequent relapses. Checking it well can greatly help you to lead a life without complications.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
- What are the complications of Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis in particular?
Both Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis have a variety of complications. Anal fissures, ulcers, fistulas, malnutrition, and intestinal obstruction are complications of Crohn’s disease. At the same time, dehydration, colon perforation, and toxic megacolon are complications of ulcerative colitis.
- How is Inflammatory Bowel Disease Diagnosed?
Your doctor will diagnose Inflammatory bowel disease By various tests and procedures. Blood tests and fecal occult blood tests may be done to detect anemia and bleeding from the digestive tract. Colonoscopy, capsule and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, flexible sigmoidoscopy, and balloon-assisted enteroscopy are part of the procedure that allows a doctor to diagnose the condition.
Apart from this, x-rays, computed tomography (CT) scans, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provide detailed images of organs and tissues to make a correct diagnosis. Inflammatory bowel disease..
- Does Treatment for Inflammatory Bowel Disease Include Surgery?
Occasionally, people with IBD may need surgery. Some of the IBD surgeries are:
- Fistula removal or closure
- Strictureplasty to widen the narrowed intestine
- Excision of the affected area of the intestine for people with Crohn’s disease
- Removal of the entire rectum and colon in more severe cases of ulcerative colitis
Patients with IBD are at increased risk of developing colon cancer, so regular colonoscopy is used to monitor colon cancer.
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