The· influenza This is a very common condition and you will not be able to perform normal activities for days. Symptoms can be so severe that they can lead to life-threatening situations. Getting proper and prompt medical care is important.
What is influenza?
The· influenza, Also called influenza, it is a viral infection that affects the nose, throat, and lungs. Often confused with a cold. However, it is a more serious and definite condition than a common cold.
The influenza virus is constantly changing and new strains are emerging regularly. If you have had the flu before, much of your body has already made antibodies to fight that particular strain of the virus. If future influenza viruses are similar to those encountered in the past (by having a disease or by being vaccinated), their antibodies prevent or reduce the severity of the infection. can do. However, antibody levels can decline over time.
In addition, antibodies to previously encountered influenza viruses may not protect you from new strains of influenza that may differ from previously encountered viruses.
What are the symptoms of the flu?
Unlike the common cold, the onset of flu symptoms is sudden and severe. The signs of the flu are:
- Runny nose or stuffy nose
- Fever and chills
- sore throat
- muscle pain
- Headache and eye pain
- Dry and persistent cough
- Vomiting and diarrhea (common in children)
When should I go to the doctor?
Normal, influenza No need to see a doctor. However, see your doctor right away if you think the flu is at risk of causing complications. Here are some important signs to watch out for:
- Dyspnea and / or chest pain
- Symptoms of exacerbation of existing medical condition
- Extreme fatigue
- muscle pain
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How is influenza diagnosed?
Doctors can usually easily diagnose the flu based on your symptoms. From time to time, your doctor may order a test to check for the presence of the flu virus in your body. The most common test is the PCR (polymerase chain reaction) test.
What is the cure for the flu?
In most cases, resting, hydrating, and eating well can solve the problem. However, antiviral drugs may be prescribed if there is a risk of developing complications. Some antiviral drugs are:
Home remedies, inhalers, and sesame oil can be used to relieve symptoms and reduce discomfort.
How long does it take to recover from the flu?
Most people who catch influenza It will recover within a week or two. Symptoms usually diminish within 3-5 days. If your symptoms worsen or do not change after a week, see your doctor right away. As many people die of the flu each year, it is important to treat the infection and prevent the development of complications. If serious complications occur, they can be treated with medical care.
How can I prevent the flu?
- wash hands: Wash your hands frequently with a cleanser for at least 20 seconds. This helps prevent many infections transmitted by contact. If soap is not available, use a hand sanitizer.
- Do not touch your face. Avoid frequent contact with your face, especially when you are in a public place. Please wash your hands immediately after returning home.
- Clean surface: Frequently clean the surface of tables, desks, doors, etc. influenza Through contact.
- Cover your face when coughing or sneezing. Use a cloth, tissue, or elbows when coughing or sneezing. When you cough or sneeze, don’t forget to look away from others. Then wash your hands.
- vaccination: If the epidemic continues, get a flu shot and get ready for the fight against the virus.
- Avoid meeting people when there is an epidemic: Influenza can easily spread when there is congestion in office buildings, schools, auditoriums, workplaces, public transport, etc. Avoid meeting too many people during peak hours. influenza Season. This will reduce your chances of getting the flu. If you are ill, stay home for one day after healing to avoid infecting others.
What are the risk factors for influenza?
- age: Children between the ages of 6 months and 5 and adults over the age of 65 are more susceptible to the flu.
- Lifestyle and workplace: People who live or work in crowded areas such as nursing homes, orphanages, factories, military barracks, etc. influenza.. People working or hospitalized in hospitals are also at high risk.
- pregnancy: Pregnant women are at higher risk of developing influenza and its complications than other women, especially after the first semester.
- Immune weakness: Specific treatments or drugs that may weaken the immune system, such as cancer treatment, long-term use of steroids, rejection drugs, organ transplants, etc. This makes the virus more susceptible to infection and can cause serious illness.
- Chronic disease: Long-term conditions such as lung disease, diabetes, nervous system disease, heart disease, metabolic disorders, airway abnormalities, and / or blood disorders can significantly increase the risk of influenza and its complications.
- Use of aspirin under the age of 19: People under the age of 19 who are on aspirin are at increased risk of developing the flu. As a result, Reye’s syndrome may develop.
- obesity: For those with a BMI over 40, influenza And its complications.
Are there any complications related to influenza?
Complications influenza Very rare. However, some complications, such as pneumonia, can be fatal, so it is best to diagnose and treat them immediately. Some of them are:
Influenza is usually an infectious disease that resolves spontaneously. During infection, it is very important to rest, drink plenty of fluids and eat healthy food.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
- How does the flu spread?
Touching the nose, eyes, or mouth after touching a contaminated object can pass or receive the flu. You can also get it if a nearby affected person sneezes or coughs.
2.2. Is there a bird flu vaccination?
No, there is no vaccination against bird flu. Influenza vaccines do not provide protection from bird flu.
3.3. What Causes the Flu?
Influenza is caused by the influenza virus. It can be easily spread by contact or air. Touching a contaminated surface and bringing your hands close to your nose, eyes, or mouth can cause illness. The same thing happens if you breathe in polluted air, for example, if someone sneezes next to you and breathes in polluted air.