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IMO promotes GHG emissions, black carbon and marine debris

The International Maritime Organization (IMO) has ambitions for its initial IMOGHG strategy, given the urgency of all sectors accelerating efforts to reduce GHG emissions, as highlighted in the recent IPCC Report 1 and the Glasgow Climate Pact. Recognized the need to strengthen. During the revision process, we agreed to begin revising our GHG strategy.

The IMO’s Marine Environmental Protection Commission (MEPC) met in effect on November 22-26, 2021, the 77th meeting, and adopted a resolution on the voluntary use of cleaner fuels in the Arctic Circle. , Reduced black carbon emissions.

In another study, MEPC adopted a strategy for dealing with marine plastic waste from ships. Adopted the revised guidelines for the exhaust gas cleaning system (EGCS) and agreed on the scope of work for EGCS drainage. We considered matters related to the Ballast Water Management Convention.

Climate Change Initiatives – Reducing GHG Emissions from Ships

Recognizing the need to strengthen ambitions during the revision process, MEPC has agreed to begin revising its initial IMO strategy for reducing GHG emissions from vessels. The move takes into account the urgency of all sectors accelerating efforts to reduce GHG emissions in the wake of the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 26) (November 1-12) in Glasgow, UK. It was done.

The final draft of the revised IMOGHG strategy will be considered by MEPC 80 (scheduled to meet in the spring of 2023) with a view to adoption.

The initial IMO strategy for reducing GHG emissions through transportation was adopted in 2018 (see). ).

The Committee requested that interested member states and international organizations work together to submit a concrete proposal for the revised IMOGHG strategy to MEPC78 (June 2022) for consideration.

To conclude the session, IMO Secretary-General Kitack Lim said: Our collective action must show our dedication to contributing to climate change, a global problem. “

Discussion of proposals to further reduce GHG emissions from transportation

The session discussed further medium-term GHG reduction measures, including market-based measures to address GHG emissions from shipping, and proposals for the establishment of an International Maritime Research and Development Commission. This was followed by several proposals presented by the working group during the recess on reducing GHG emissions from vessels (following this).ISWG GHG 10).

After constructive discussions, the Commission referred to the next session ISWG-GHG for further evaluation of relevant documents, including proposals and associated impact assessments, in accordance with Phase I of the organization. Work plan for formulating medium-term measures..

The terms and conditions for the next session of ISWG-GHG have been agreed. ISWG-GHG 11 will be held from March 14th to 18th, 2022, and ISWG-GHG 12 will be held from May 16th to 20th, 2022.

GHG Emissions and Black Carbon-IMO-Shipping and Freight Resources

Impact assessment of GHG measures

The early IMOGHG strategy assessed and appropriated the impact of the proposed measures on the country, paying particular attention to the needs of developing countries, especially small island developing states (SIDS) and least developed countries (LDCs). We are aware that we need to take into account. ).

The Committee has agreed to establish an ad hoc expert workshop on impact assessment to consider specific suggestions for improving the impact assessment procedure and provide recommendations as part of the lessons learned. The results will be submitted to ISWG-GHG11. The workshop will be held from March 8th to 9th, 2022.

GHGTC Trust Fund

The Government has pledged to support the activities of organizations to support the implementation of early GHG strategies in developing countries, especially SIDS and LDC, through technical cooperation and capacity building. IMO GHGTC Trust Fund.. These pledges strengthen the organization’s work on energy efficiency technology cooperation and demonstrations and ensure that no one is left behind in implementing the initial strategy.

Communication group on carbon strength reduction

A communications group on carbon strength reduction was established to complete and update the guidelines. These are specifically related to the short-term measures adopted in 2021, consisting of technical (EEXI) and operational (CII and its ratings) measures. These mandatory rules are expected to come into effect in November 2022 with the aim of reducing carbon strength by 40% by 2030. ((Please check this out for details.).

Meanwhile, MEPC approves guidance on the handling of innovative energy efficiency technologies for the calculation and verification of EEDI and EEXI achieved, especially MEPC Circular for the use of wind propulsion as an alternative (complementary) propulsion source. Did.

Arctic Black Carbon – Adopting a Solution

MEPC is a distillate or other cleaner alternative to member states and ship operators that is safe for ships and can help reduce black carbon emissions from ships when operating in or near the Arctic Circle. Adopted a resolution calling for the voluntary use of fuel or propulsion methods.

The resolution encourages Member States to begin addressing the Arctic threat from black carbon emissions and report on measures and best practices to reduce transport black carbon emissions.

The Committee also agreed on terms of consignment for the future work of the PPR Sub-Committee on reducing the impact of international shipping on Arctic black carbon emissions.

Revised guidelines for adopted exhaust gas cleaning system

MEPC has adopted 2021 guidelines for exhaust gas cleaning systems to update the last version adopted in 2015 (see). PPR 7).

The Commission approves MEPC Circular, which includes up-to-date guidance on continuous compliance indications in the event of a single monitoring device failure, and takes if the Emissions Cleaning System (EGCS) does not meet the requirements of the EGCS Guidelines. Recommended actions to be taken.

Evaluation and harmonization of rules and guidance regarding the release of EGCS

The Committee has agreed on the scope of work of the PPR Sub-Committee on the evaluation and harmonization of rules and guidance on EGCS emissions to the aquatic environment, including emission conditions and areas of emission. The work is as follows. Risk assessment. Impact study; Delivery of EGCS residues; Regulations; Develop a database of substances identified in EGCS effluents.

The PPR Sub-Committee will meet for the 9th meeting in April 2022.

Strategies for dealing with marine plastic waste from adopted vessels

MEPC has a strategy to deal with marine plastic waste from vessels with the ambition to reduce the amount of marine plastic waste generated and collected by fishing vessels in order to strengthen the enforcement of IMO’s mandatory international regulations. Was adopted. Reduce the contribution of transportation to marine plastic waste. Improve port acceptance and facility and disposal effectiveness to reduce marine plastic waste.

This strategy also aims to achieve further outcomes, including: Increased understanding of the contribution of ships to marine plastic waste. Improved understanding of the regulatory framework related to marine plastic waste from ships. Strengthening international cooperation. Targeted technical cooperation and capacity building.

The adoption of the strategy follows the adoption of the IMO Action Plan for Dealing with Marine Debris in 2018 (see here for details:

The IMO is working with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) on a GloLitter partnership project aimed at helping the shipping and fisheries move into a low-plastic future. (Click here for details: ).

Fishing tackle marking

The Commission considered proposals related to mandating the marking of fishing gear. Agreed to refer relevant documents to PPR9 for further discussion.

Garbage record book

MEPC has considered a proposal to extend the waste record book requirements to shipments of less than 400 GT and more than 100 GT. It agreed to instruct the PPR Sub-Committee to develop an amendment to MARPOL Annex V.

Plastic pollution from plastic pellets

Documents submitted by Sri Lanka reported in May 2021 MVX-Press Pearl IncidentThe Commission was referred to the PPR Sub-Committee for further discussion while 11,000 tonnes of plastic pellets spilled off Colombo, Sri Lanka.


Harmful aquatic organisms in ballast water

MEPC updated with Experience building phase Related to the Ballast Water Management Convention (BWM), Enforced from 2017, the purpose is to prevent the spread of invading aquatic species into ballast water. The Commission was informed that there are currently available data from 35 Member States and 7 other stakeholders. It is equivalent to about 15,000 ships. It is currently being analyzed by the World Maritime University (WMU) and a complete data analysis report will be submitted to MEPC78.

MEPC The date used to determine the conduct of a compulsory test run of an individual ballast water management system in accordance with resolution MEPC.325 (75). MEPC has also established basic factors to consider in order to further develop guidance on the measures that ballast water management systems may take if they encounter difficult water quality during ingestion.

Annex II Amendment on Approved Classification of Hazardous Liquid Substances

MEPC has approved a draft amendment to Appendix I (Guidelines for Classification of Hazardous Liquid Substances) of MARPOL Annex II. This is the result of a revised GESAMP risk assessment procedure approved as part of the GESAMP risk assessment procedure for chemicals carried by GESAMP. Ship, 2019 (GESAMP Report and Research No. 102). Amendments will be circulated with a view to adoption by MEPC 78.

Next MEPC session

MEPC 78 will be held from June 6th to 10th, 2022, and MEPC 79 will be held from December 12th to 16th, 2022.

If the committee session is held directly, a delegation of the Secretariat will participate at least 90 days before the session, depending on the pandemic situation of COVID-19.


Chairman’s election

Hideaki Saito (Japan) was re-elected in 2022. Harry Conway (Liberia) was also re-elected as Vice-Chair.

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