Type II diabetes is not juvenile diabetes and is rare in children. But this is slowly and gradually changing. Type II diabetes is adult-onset diabetes and unfortunately is beginning to affect children of this generation. There are many factors involved in this, but obesity is one of the top factors. It is a chronic disease that is completely manageable and preventable at the same time.
What happens to children with type II diabetes?
Your child’s body does not produce enough insulin to meet the body’s needs or resists the use of insulin, also known as insulin resistance. Doctors recommend that your child exercise well and eat an active and healthy diet. However, sometimes diet and exercise are inadequate for eradicating and managing the disease. In such cases, treatment is also needed. This article focuses on increasing type II diabetes in children.
Learn more about type 2 diabetes in children
Today, type 2 diabetes is also affecting children. It is due to the increase in obesity among them. In this condition, the body cannot use insulin. The risk of type II diabetes in children increases with obesity, family history, and inactivity. Diabetes also has some complications. However, precautions and a healthy lifestyle can help your child fight this disease.
What are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes can be difficult to notice in children because the symptoms progress gradually. Your doctor may diagnose this disorder during regular examinations. Here are some common symptoms that your child may experience:
- Drink water and encourage frequent urination
The·The kidneys are responsible for removing sugar from the blood. Over time, they can’t keep up with this job because they have too much sugar to handle. Instead, excess sugar and other water is removed from the urine from the organs. This process causes dehydration and thirst. Second, the more fluid the patient drinks, the more it leads to urination.
- Increased malaise and weakness..
It can develop due to a lack of glucose. Glucose energizes your cells to perform the physiological functions of your body. Lack of glucose in the cells can tire your child’s body.
High blood sugar levels can cause water to be extracted from a child’s lens. It leaves your child’s eyes with blurred vision or inadequate focusing power.
If you see black spots or pigmentation around your child’s neck or armpits, you may have advanced type II diabetes. Please consult your doctor immediately.
Do not confuse healthy weight loss with diabetic weight loss. Muscle contraction, fat depletion, and weight loss are common in children with type II diabetes. That’s because your child’s body cells don’t get enough energy in the form of glucose.
It’s never too late to see a doctor. Being updated and paying attention to the right information will help you make the right decisions. Know the right time to talk to your doctor.
When do you see a doctor?
Talk to your child’s expert if:
- You witness the above signs and symptoms in your child.
- Your child is overweight or obese and is 10 years old.
- You have a family history of diabetes.
Call 1860-500-1066 to make a reservation
What Causes Diabetes in Children?
Although the main causes of type II diabetes are still unknown, obesity ranks high among several factors that cause type II diabetes in children. Other factors are:
- Family history and genetic factors.
- Eat a sluggish lifestyle and junk food.
- Accumulation of fat around the abdomen.
Diabetes is a disease caused by high levels of glucose (blood sugar) in the body. This can happen if the body does not produce insulin (a hormone made by the pancreas) or if insulin is not used properly.
Insulin helps glucose from food enter the cells of your body for energy. If your body does not produce enough insulin, or if your body does not use insulin properly, glucose will stay and accumulate in your blood.
What are the risk factors for diabetes in children?
Simply put, risk factors increase the likelihood of developing that particular illness. It is unclear why certain children develop type 2 diabetes and others do not, even if they share similar risk factors. However, it is clear that several factors increase the risk, including:
- weight: Overweight is one of the strong risk factors for type 2 diabetes in children. The more adipose tissue, especially around the abdomen, the more resistant the body’s cells are to insulin.
- Inactive: Inactive: The less active your child is, the higher your risk of type 2 diabetes. Physical activity helps your child control his / her weight, uses glucose as energy, and makes the child’s cells more sensitive to insulin.
- Family history: If the child has a diabetic sibling or parent, the risk of type 2 diabetes in the child is increased.
- Race or ethnicity: For unknown reasons, some people, including American Indians, Asian Americans, blacks, and Hispanics, are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.
- Age and gender: Most children develop type 2 diabetes in their early teens. Adolescent girls are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than adolescent boys.
- Birth Weight and Gestational Diabetes: Born in both mothers with gestational diabetes during pregnancy and low birth weight is associated with an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- Preterm birth: Infants with preterm birth (39-42 weeks before pregnancy) are at increased risk of type 2 diabetes.
How is Type 2 Diabetes Treated in Children?
- Blood glucose monitoring..
Doctors recommend that you measure your blood sugar at least three times a day. It’s the only way to make sure your child’s blood sugar is in the normal range. Any changes or fluctuations shall be handled by medical assistance.
- Eat a healthy diet..
Your doctor recommends that your child slow down weight gain and stick to a balanced diet to help them tackle type II diabetes. Here are some recommendations for your child:
- They must follow a low-calorie diet.
- Make sure you consume fruits and vegetables as antioxidants.
- Try limiting sweet drinks like additional sugar and soft drinks. Instead, bring fresh fruit and water.
- I mainly eat home-cooked food rather than restaurants.
- Avoid processed foods and junk foods
- Be physically active..
Being physically active reduces excess sugar in the bloodstream. Encouraging and motivating children to exercise one hour a day can benefit their entire life.
- Take the right medicine..
The three drugs approved to treat diabetes in children are metformin, liraglutide, and insulin. Your doctor will prescribe these medicines in the following ways:
- Metformin as a pill,
- Liraglutide as an injection, and
- Insulin as an injection
- Weight loss surgery..
Weight loss procedures are not an option for everyone. However, for very obese teens (BMI> 35), weight loss surgery can lead to amelioration of type 2 diabetes.
What are the complications of type 2 diabetes in children?
Complications of type II diabetes in children can turn out to be life-threatening. they are:
- High blood pressure or high blood pressure
- Increased cholesterol
- Cardiovascular problems
- Stroke and blindness
- Chronic renal failure
- Removal of limbs, also known as amputation
Make sure your child’s blood sugar is as close to normal as possible. It reduces the risk of developing complications.
How can I prevent diabetes in my child?
It is helpful to follow these two core principles.
- Maintain a healthy diet..
To lose weight in obese people, you need to eat low-fat health foods. Don’t forget to provide your child with enough fruits and vegetables.
- Exercise enough..
Encourage your child to exercise. You can try exercising with your child to motivate him or her for a better lifestyle. If not possible, you can enroll your child in a dance class or sport. Activities will keep their bodies healthy and disease-free.
Previously, type I diabetes was juvenile diabetes in which the pancreas was unable to produce insulin. Type 2 diabetes is more common in adults. In fact, it was once called adult-onset diabetes. However, type 2 diabetes in children is increasing, boosted by the prevalence of obesity.
Proper management with a healthy lifestyle helps children control their illness.
Call 1860-500-1066 to make a reservation