Invasive Gastrointestinal Surgery-What Should I Know? | Health and Fitness Information | Wellness, Nutrition and Health Tips

Dr. Prasant Saxena, General Surgery

Minimally invasive gastrointestinal surgery, also known as laparoscopic surgery or manual laparoscopic surgery (HALS), deals with a minimally invasive procedure in which only one small keyhole incision is made in the abdomen to treat a disease caused by the gastrointestinal tract. However, this is in contrast to traditional open surgery, which generally works in the colon or other parts of the intestine. These keyhole incisions are only about 5mm to 10mm in size, which not only reduces recovery time, but also reduces harm.

Need for minimally invasive gastrointestinal surgery:

Laparoscopic surgery can treat the following conditions:

1. Crohn’s disease

2. Diverticulitis

3. Gallbladder stones

4. Removal of gallbladder

5. Abdominal hernia

6. Hiatal hernia

7. Hernia surgery

8. Ulcerative colitis

9. Colorectal cancer

10. Familial adenomatous polyposis

11. Rectal prolapse

12. Chronic severe constipation


First, a keyhole incision is made to pave the way to the access port. It is through these access ports that the surgeon inserts a laparoscope and other surgical instruments to initiate surgery. With the help of a laparoscope, your doctor can see the transmitted pictures displayed on the video monitor.

With this type of surgery, you can perform the following surgeries:

  1. Rectal sigmoid colectomy
  2. Total abdominal colonectomy
  3. Abdominal perineal resection
  4. Total rectal colonectomy
  5. Colectomy
  6. Detour of feces
  7. Rectal fixation


You can steadily resume your daily life a few days after surgery. Walking is essential for faster recovery. Within a few weeks, you are well suited to doing gentle exercise to regain strength. However, lifting heavy objects can cause back problems and loose stitches and is not recommended.

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