Is Gestational Diabetes a Threat to the Fetus?

Gestational diabetes is a condition that affects pregnant women. Diabetes is first diagnosed during pregnancy or during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes affects how cells use glucose (sugar).

If left untreated, hyperglycemia can affect both mothers and babies. In some cases, gestational diabetes can be controlled by eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and staying active. This helps mothers and babies stay healthy and ensures normal childbirth.

There are two types of gestational diabetes, class A1 and class A2. Women suffering from Class A1 can control diabetes by eating a healthy diet and staying healthy. On the other hand, class A2 women need medicine.

In most cases, gestational diabetes usually disappears after childbirth. However, it can affect your baby’s health. Once you develop gestational diabetes, you are at risk of developing type II diabetes later in life.

In most cases, women show no noticeable symptoms or signs. Most women become aware that they have gestational diabetes during regular screening.

Here are some of the common signs you may notice:

● Frequent urination

● Frequent thirst

● Increased appetite

● Nausea

How do you develop gestational diabetes?

When eaten, special cells in the pancreas release a hormone called insulin. It helps move glucose (a type of sugar) from the blood to the cells of the body. These cells use glucose as energy.

When pregnant, the placenta secretes hormones, causing the accumulation of glucose in the blood. The pancreas can release insulin and control glucose accumulation. However, if your body cannot produce enough insulin or use it the way it should, your blood sugar will rise and cause gestational diabetes.

What are the risk factors associated with gestational diabetes?

Gestational diabetes can occur in any pregnant woman. However, some people are more likely than others. Some risk factors are:

● Polycystic ovary syndrome

● Lack of physical activity

● Obesity

● Family history of diabetes

● High blood pressure

● Previous birth of a baby weighing more than 4.1 kg (9 lbs)

● Non-white women – Hispanic, Native American, Pacific Islands, Asian American, or black women are at increased risk

What complications can occur if gestational diabetes is left untreated?

Gestational diabetes can cause some problems for you and your baby if not managed or treated. You can also increase your chances of giving birth by Caesarean section.

Complications that may affect you:

● Pre-eclampsia

Gestational diabetes increases the risk of high blood pressure, which can cause pre-eclampsia. This is a complication that occurs during pregnancy and can be life-threatening.

● Possibility of surgical delivery

Women with gestational diabetes are more likely to give birth by caesarean section.

● Future diabetes

If you develop gestational diabetes during a pregnancy, you are more likely to develop it again in a future pregnancy. The chances of developing type II diabetes in the future also increase with gestational diabetes.

Complications that can affect your baby:

● Stillbirth

If left untreated, gestational diabetes can cause the baby to die before or shortly after childbirth.

● Premature birth

Hyperglycemia can cause premature labor or delivery. This can lead to premature birth in some cases.

● Dyspnea

Babies born earlier than gestation can develop dyspnea syndrome, causing dyspnea.

● Hypoglycemia

Some babies may experience hypoglycemia (hypoglycemia) shortly after birth. This can cause your baby to have frequent seizures.

Infants are also heavier at birth, may have a shoulder blockage during delivery due to shoulder dystocia, and may be at increased risk of developing diabetes in later years.

Can I Prevent Gestational Diabetes?

There is no guarantee that you can prevent gestational diabetes, so it is advisable to stay healthy and healthy during pregnancy. Here are some of the precautions you can take:

● Eat a healthy diet

During pregnancy, we recommend healthy foods that are high in fiber and low in calories and fat. Look at the potion size and focus more on eating fruits and vegetables.

● Stay healthy

Regular exercise before and during pregnancy can reduce your chances of developing gestational diabetes.

● Avoid getting overweight during pregnancy

If you gain weight during pregnancy, it is considered healthy and normal. Being overweight too early can increase your risk of developing gestational diabetes.

How is gestational diabetes diagnosed?

Gestational diabetes usually develops in the second half of pregnancy, 24-28 weeks. Your doctor will perform some tests for diagnosis.

● Initial glucose tolerance test resistance

Your doctor will give you a sweet glucose drink. A blood test will be done almost an hour later to check your blood sugar. Blood glucose levels below 140 mg / dL (7.8 mmol / L) are considered normal.

If your blood sugar is higher than this, another GTT test will be needed to determine your condition.

● Follow-up glucose tolerance test resistance

This is similar to the first GTT test, but the blood glucose level is checked every 3 hours and 1 hour. If the two measurements are higher than normal, the diagnosis confirms gestational diabetes.

Is there a cure for gestational diabetes?

At the time of diagnosis, your doctor will come up with a treatment plan for you.

● Blood glucose monitoring

Your doctor will ask you to check your blood sugar levels in the morning and after meals at least 4-5 times a day. This is to prevent diabetes during pregnancy.

● Medicine

If a healthy diet and regular exercise do not help, your doctor will give you insulin injections to lower your blood sugar. Oral tablets are also available to lower blood sugar levels.

Approximately 10-20% of cases of gestational diabetes require medication to control blood sugar levels.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

1. What are the signs of gestational diabetes?

If you develop gestational diabetes, you may experience:

● Frequent urination urge

● The mouth is very dry

● Extreme nausea

● Blurred vision

● Unusual craving for sweet food

● Increased appetite

2. Do gestational diabetic mothers give birth early?

Gestational diabetes increases the likelihood of pre-eclampsia and high blood pressure. These signs are more likely to give birth to your baby earlier.

Women with gestational diabetes often carry their babies to maturity.

3. Is gestational diabetes caused by diet?

Gestational diabetes is not caused by diet. However, without a healthy diet and regular exercise, you are more likely to have high blood sugar. Obesity is one of the factors that can increase your risk of developing gestational diabetes.

4. How can I reduce gestational diabetes naturally?

Gestational diabetes is a condition in which blood sugar levels rise during pregnancy. Maintaining a healthy diet and exercising regularly can help control gestational diabetes.

Request a reservation at Apollo Hospital
Call 1860-500-1066 to make a reservation

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