Overview Overview Overview
Lymphoma refers to cancer that begins in the lymphatic system of our body, the system involved in the immune system of our body. Our lymphatic system is made up of bone marrow, lymph nodes, spleen, and thymus. If lymphoma develops, it can occur in any of these areas. At times, the cancer may even spread to surrounding tissues and organs. Of the various types of lymphoma that occur in the body, the two most common are:
Both types of lymphomas listed above can occur in both children and adults. Treatment of lymphoma is based on the location of the disease, the type of lymphoma, and the severity of the disease.
How do I know if I have lymphoma?
In most cases, people are unaware that they have developed lymphoma until it has spread to the surrounding area. This is because the symptoms of lymphoma are very similar to common viral infections. If you have a prolonged fever without infection, unexplained weight loss, loss of appetite, or extreme malaise, your doctor may ask you to do the necessary tests for lymphoma. Complete blood count (CBC), biopsy, MRI and PET scans, x-rays, and ultrasound may help doctors diagnose that they have developed certain types of lymphoma.
Most lymphomas originate from two major types of white blood cells known as lymphocytes: B cells (B lymphocytes) and T cells (T lymphocytes).
Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma is the most common form of lymphoma that tends to develop in the elderly. There are different types of treatments that can be used for non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, including radiation therapy, immunotherapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and stem cell transplantation.
Hodgkin lymphoma, also known as Hodgkin’s disease, begins with a type of B cell commonly found in the bone marrow. Hodgkin lymphoma is considered one of the most curable cancers, especially when diagnosed and treated early. There are different types of treatments available for Hodgkin lymphoma, including immunotherapy, chemotherapy, and stem cell transplantation.
Lymphoma symptoms It may vary depending on the type of lymphoma you are suffering from. Some common symptoms are described below.
- Long-term or temporary fever
- Continuous fatigue and weakness
- Swelling or tumors in various parts of the body, such as the neck, groin, and armpits. In most cases there is no pain.
- Chills followed by night sweats
- Loss of appetite and weight loss
- Skin irritation and itching
- Dyspnea, especially when climbing stairs.
When to see a doctor
The· Symptoms It can get worse over time. This indicates that it is time for a doctor’s consultation in itself. If the above symptoms persist for a long time or disappear and then recur, see your doctor as soon as possible.
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Causes of lymphoma
Like most other cancers, the actual cause of lymphoma is still unknown. Genetic variation of lymphocytes is believed to be the most common cause. Mutations tell your cells to proliferate rapidly, causing a large number of diseased lymphocytes that continue to proliferate.
Mutations also allow cells to survive while other normal cells may die. This can lead to too many ineffective and diseased lymphocytes in the lymph nodes, causing swelling of the lymph nodes, spleen, and liver.
The body, such as the liver, spleen, and thymus, causes inflammation and swelling.
Risk factor Of lymphoma
Symptoms and incidence of lymphoma may be more pronounced in certain groups of people compared to other groups. These are described below.
age.. As mentioned earlier, lymphoma is widespread in both children and adults. Some types of lymphoma, such as non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, are common in children and the elderly. Hodgkin lymphoma is common in young adults and mainly affects the age group of 15 to 24 years. Therefore, age plays a role in the development of lymphoma types.
sex.. Studies suggest that men are more likely to have either type of lymphoma than women.
Weak immune system.. People with weakened immunity due to HIV, continuous viral or bacterial infections, or long-term intake of drugs or alcohol are more likely to develop lymphoma.
Onset of certain infectious diseases.. Infections with EBV, Epstein-Barr virus, or Helicobacter pylori have been shown to transform certain lymphocytes and increase the risk of lymphoma.
Treatment of lymphoma
Treatment of lymphoma depends on the stage and severity of the disease, as well as age and underlying health. The focus is on destroying cancer cells so that healthy cells can survive. This procedure may include the following series of treatments:
Constant monitoring.. Some types of lymphoma are less fatal to the body, and cancer cells grow very slowly.In this scenario, the doctor will only monitor your condition with regular examinations and will not receive any kind of treatment for you until something happens. Symptoms ・
chemical treatment.. Chemotherapy, like other types of cancer, is the most accepted treatment for lymphoma. This is the process by which cancer cells are treated with chemicals, mainly by intravenous (IV) treatment, causing their rapid destruction and stopping their growth.
radiation.. If chemotherapy is not 100% effective, radiation therapy is applied. In this method, high-energy radiation such as protons and x-rays is applied to attack and destroy cancer cells.
Bone marrow transplantation.. In this process, the patient’s infected or defective bone marrow is suppressed by radiation therapy and chemotherapy, and then healthy bone marrow from a matching donor is injected into the patient’s body, from which new healthy blood cells grow. To do.
Immunotherapy.. This procedure uses specific drugs that stimulate the immune system to destroy cancer cells.From time to time, clusters of T cells or fighter cells are removed from your body and genetically engineered to reintroduce them into your body so that they can fight cancer cells.
Some complications of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma are various types of cytopenia, including low levels of neutrophils, platelets, and red blood cells.
Complications of Hodgkin lymphoma include a very weakened immune system that ultimately opens the door to infection. Secondary cancers such as leukemia, breast cancer, and lung cancer can also develop later in the life of patients who once developed Hodgkin lymphoma.
We hope that this article will help you gain appropriate insights into lymphoma and how to treat it. Lymphoma symptoms Timely measures can help your recovery path and should not be ignored.
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