Medical Marijuana-Mayo Clinic

Medical marijuana

US federal law prohibits the use of marijuana. However, many states allow medical applications to treat pain, nausea, and other symptoms.

By Mayo Clinic staff

Medical marijuana is a term derived from the Cannabis sativa plant used to relieve the symptoms caused by certain medical conditions. Medical marijuana is also known as medical cannabis.

Cannabis sativa contains many active compounds. The best known are Delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidiol (CBD). THC It is the main component of marijuana that makes people “high”.

Is Medical Marijuana Legal in the United States?

Federal law prohibits the use of whole plant Cannabis sativa or its derivatives for any purpose. In contrast, CBD Derived from hemp plants (less than 0.3 & percnt; THC) Is legal under federal law.

Allowed in many states THC Used for medical reasons. Federal law governing marijuana supersedes state law. As a result, people can be arrested and charged with possession even in states where marijuana use is legal.

When is Medical Marijuana Appropriate?

Studies show that medical cannabis can benefit from several symptoms. State law has different conditions for treatment with medical marijuana. If you’re considering medical marijuana, check state regulations.

In some states, you can qualify for medical marijuana treatment if you meet certain requirements and have the following eligibility requirements:

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
  • HIV / AIDS
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Epilepsy and seizures
  • Glaucoma
  • Multiple sclerosis and muscle spasms
  • Severe chronic pain
  • Severe nausea or vomiting caused by cancer treatment

Is Medical Marijuana Safe?

Further research is needed to answer this question, but possible side effects of medical marijuana may include:

  • Increased heart rate
  • dizzy
  • Poor concentration and memory
  • Reaction time is slow
  • Negative drug interactions
  • Increased risk of heart attack and stroke
  • Appetite promotion
  • Possibility of addiction
  • Hallucinations or mental illness
  • withdrawal symptoms

Some medical marijuana is prescribed to relieve symptoms without the intoxicating and mood-altering effects of marijuana’s recreational use.

Can medical marijuana be used as a prescription drug?

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved the use of cannabis as a treatment for any medical condition.However FDA Approved the cannabinoids cannabidiol (Epidiolex) and dronabinol (Marinol, Sindros).

Cannabidiol can be used for certain forms of severe epilepsy. Dronabinol can be used for nausea and vomiting caused by cancer chemotherapy, and anorexia associated with weight loss in AIDS patients.

What you can expect

Medical marijuana comes in many forms, including:

  • pill
  • liquid
  • oil
  • powder
  • Dried leaves

How and where to buy medical marijuana varies from state to state. Once you get the product, manage it yourself. The frequency of use depends on its form and symptoms.

Symptom relief and side effects depend on the type you are using. The fastest effect occurs with inhalation in vaporized form. The latest onset occurs in the form of pills.

Certification and use at the Mayo Clinic


Mayo Clinic healthcare providers can certify state residents under the eligibility requirements of the Minnesota Medical Cannabis Program. However, not all Mayo Clinic providers are registered with the Minnesota certification process.

Minnesota residents who receive medical cannabis from the Cannabis Patient Center can continue to use it during their visit or hospitalization at the Mayo Clinic.

Arizona and Florida

The Mayo Clinic campuses in Arizona and Florida are not certified for medical marijuana and are not licensed for use in campuses or hospitals.


  1. Arizona Health Department: Medical Marijuana
  2. Florida Health: Medical Marijuana Use Bureau
  3. Minnesota Health Department: Medical Cannabis
  4. National Assembly of Parliamentarians: State Medical Marijuana Law

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