Health

Nasal and sinus tumors-Apollo Hospitals Blog

Tumors of the nose and sinuses can be either benign or malignant. Persistent stuffy nose and loss of smell may be the first symptoms of the disease. However, if diagnosed early, it may be cured.

What are nasal and sinus tumors?

Nasal and sinus tumors are abnormal tissue growth in the nasal cavity. The nasal cavity is a hollow passage of air through the nose. Tumors that grow in the nasal cavity are called nasal tumors. Tumors that grow in the sinuses that fill the air chambers are called sinus tumors. There are several types of nasal and sinus tumors, so your doctor can decide on treatment options depending on your type.

What are the causes and symptoms of nasal and sinus tumors?

The main reason is abnormal mutations in healthy cells. These cells grow and proliferate and begin to affect the surrounding tissues. When cells become cancerous, they can spread to distant areas. .. The symptoms of this disease are

  • Suddenly it becomes difficult to breathe through the nose even if you do not have a cold
  • Lose the sense of smell
  • I have a problem opening my mouth
  • Watery eye
  • Sight problems
  • nosebleed
  • nasal discharge
  • Neck lump
  • Swelling of the face
  • Facial pain
  • The roof of my mouth hurts

When should I see a doctor?

It is advisable to consult a doctor as soon as any of these symptoms occur. It’s always best to have a medical professional check yourself.

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What are the risk factors for Tumors of the nose and sinuses?

Smoking or being around smokers increases the likelihood of developing tumors of the nose and sinuses. It also requires staying in a polluted environment and can be at increased risk if exposed to irritants and chemicals in the air for extended periods of time. Chemicals such as glue smoke, nickel, chromium, wood flour, flour flour, and rubbing alcohol can be dangerous. HPV infection, which is a sexually transmitted disease, may also be the cause.

Having this disease can affect your sense of smell, eyesight, speech, swallowing, and masticatory abilities. It can also cause permanent nerve damage that affects the sensation of your face. It may also interfere with the movement of the face, arms and shoulders.

How can I prevent tumors in the nose and sinuses?

The first and most important way to prevent it is to quit smoking.

If your work requires you to avoid or work with industrial waste, wear a face mask to prevent your nose from inhaling all the harmful chemicals around you. Strictly follow workplace safety protocols to prevent this illness.

What are the treatment options for nasal and sinus tumors?

  1. Laparotomy and minimally invasive surgery are two options for treating this disease. The surgeon makes an incision in the nasal cavity or uses special tools and nasal endoscopy to access the tumor. Then remove the tumor or other parts of the tumor that have been affected.
  2. Radiation therapy is also a treatment option. Powerful energies such as x-rays and protons can kill cancer cells, and this option may also be used after surgery.
  3. Chemotherapy is another treatment option for treating nasal and sinus tumors. It is a drug treatment that can kill cancer cells. Sometimes it is also used after surgery in combination with radiation therapy.
  4. Palliative care is a combination of many treatment options that can relieve some of the pain caused by tumors of the nose and sinuses.

Conclusion

Tumors of the nose and sinuses can be life-threatening if left untreated. These can affect not only the sense of smell, but also eyesight, speech, and facial movements. If it is cancerous, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or surgery may need to be cured. Therefore, if you witness any of the above symptoms, contact your doctor now.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Are all nasal and sinus tumors cancerous?

Answer: No, they are not all cancerous. In fact, the probability that they are cancerous is very low, 10%.

How do doctors diagnose tumors of the nose and sinuses?

Answer: Doctors may use a biopsy or imaging test to diagnose the disease. An endoscopic camera inserted into the nose may also be used to check for abnormal lesions in the nasal passages.

How common are nasal and sinus tumors?

Answer: Currently, they are the second most common type of nasal cancer in the world.

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