Nosebleed: First Aid-Mayo Clinic

Nosebleeds are common. In most cases, they are annoying and not a true medical problem. But they can be both.

Nosebleed care

  • You will stand upright and lean forward. Keeping it upright can lower blood pressure in the veins of the nose. This discourages further bleeding. Sitting forward can prevent you from swallowing blood, which can irritate your stomach.
  • Gently blow your nose. If you blow your nose, the blood clots will disappear. Next, spray a decongestant nasal decongestant containing oxymetazoline (afrin) on both sides of the nose.
  • Please pinch your nose. Use your thumb and forefinger to pinch and close the nostrils. Breathe through your mouth. Continue pinching for 10 to 15 minutes. When pinched, pressure is applied to the bleeding point of the nasal septum, often stopping blood flow.

    If bleeding continues after 10 to 15 minutes, continue to hold pressure for another 10 to 15 minutes. Avoid looking into your nose. If bleeding continues, seek emergency medical care.

  • To prevent rebleeding Do not pinch or blow your nose or bend for several hours. Keep your head above heart level. You can also use a cotton swab or finger to gently apply Vaseline to the inside of your nose.
  • If rebleeding occurs Please repeat these steps. Contact your doctor if bleeding persists.

When to seek emergency medical care

  • Bleeding lasts more than 30 minutes
  • Feel fainting or crazy
  • Nosebleeds occur after an accident, a fall, or a head injury. This includes facial punches that may have broken your nose.

When to contact a doctor

  • You often experience nosebleeds. It may be necessary to cauterize the blood vessels. Cauterization is a technique that burns blood vessels with an electric current, silver nitrate, or a laser. Doctors may put a special gauze or inflatable latex balloon in the nose to put pressure on the blood vessels and stop bleeding.
  • You are experiencing nosebleeds and are taking anticoagulants, Aspirin and warfarin (Jantoven). Your doctor may advise you to adjust your dosage.

To relieve nosebleeds, apply a water-based lubricant to the nostrils to increase the humidity in the house.


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