Precautions after cataract surgery: what to do and what not to do

Cataract surgery is an outpatient procedure that removes the affected crystalline lens of the eye and replaces it with a new artificial crystalline lens, also known as an intraocular lens (IOL). Generally, it takes about 4-6 weeks to fully recover after cataract surgery. In the meantime, there are some post-operative instructions that the patient must follow. These instructions reduce the risk of side effects and help your eyesight recover quickly. This blog explains the precautions after cataract surgery.

Activities to follow after cataract surgery

Below are some of the activities allowed after cataract surgery.

  • Apply eye drops according to the ophthalmologist’s prescription.
  • Relax during the first few days of recovery to avoid overloading your eyes.
  • Protect your eyes with an eyepatch before going to bed at night.
  • I read, watch TV, and stare at the screen to avoid eye strain, but for a limited time.
  • Wear an eyeshield to protect your eyes when taking a shower.
  • Eyeshields and sunglasses should be cleaned daily with soap and warm water before wearing to reduce the risk of infection.
  • Take antibiotics or other prescription drugs recommended by your surgeon.
  • Shave carefully unless you wash your face.
  • Resume sexual activity only with proper consultation with your doctor.
  • When touching the treatment area, wash your hands thoroughly with soap.

Activities to avoid after cataract surgery

Similar to the permitted activities, there are some activities that should be completely avoided after cataract surgery. Remember the following tips-

  • Do not rub or touch the treated eye.
  • Do not splash water directly on your eyes.
  • Never wash your face with soap. Soap can get into your eyes and cause irritation.
  • Do not make up your eyes.
  • Do not take a head bath for at least a month. Talk to your doctor first before doing so.
  • It will not drive or fly during the recovery period.
  • Avoid going to crowded areas to reduce the risk of eye infections.
  • Do not engage in strenuous activities so as not to strain your eyes.
  • Avoid tension during defecation.
  • Limit exercise throughout the recovery period.
  • Do not swim or swim in the pool.
  • Avoid sneezing and vomiting immediately after surgery.
  • Do not go to dusty places.
  • Don’t miss the follow-up by your doctor.

read more: Can you get rid of cataracts naturally?

How to wash your eyes after cataract surgery?

A step-by-step guide to eye washing after cataract surgery-

  • First, wash your hands with soap and water. Make sure they are completely dry.
  • To clean the wound, you need hot water that has been cooled to room temperature and clean cotton balls and gauze.
  • Soak a cotton ball or gauze in the water in the bowl and squeeze out excess water.
  • Take the soaked cotton and gently stroke it around the edges of the eyes and eyelids.
  • While cleaning your eyes, move from the inside to the outside of your eyes and not vice versa.
  • Gently clean the eyelids with the other end of the cotton.
  • Look up while cleaning the lower lid.
  • Repeat this twice daily unless instructed by an ophthalmologist.

Complications that can occur without proper precautions

Cataract surgery is a safe operation. Laser assisted technology to complete the procedure guarantees much higher accuracy and accuracy, thus providing additional security. Therefore, our team of doctors rely more on this technique than traditional methods to get rid of cataracts.

However, patients may need to suffer from some risks and complications if they do not follow the appropriate postoperative instructions provided by our doctor. Some of these-

  • Infections in and around the eyes
  • Inflammation in the eyes
  • A broken lens piece is stuck in my eye
  • Retinal detachment.
  • Extreme sensitivity to light
  • Swelling of the central retina, also known as macular edema
  • Increased intraocular pressure that can cause glaucoma
  • Eyelid ptosis, also known as ptosis

Read again: What if I have untreated cataracts?

Symptoms to watch out for

When I get home, I often see watery eyes, blurred vision, redness of the eyes, and diplopia. Experts explain that this is an eye mechanism that deals with new implanted lenses.

However, there may be some symptoms that need attention because they are much more serious. These symptoms occur when the patient does not take appropriate precautions. Please note the following-

  • Pain that does not fall
  • Nausea and vomiting sensation
  • You can see white spots in front of you
  • See the glare in the eyes
  • Unable to create objects gradually
  • Continuous sneezing and coughing
  • Suddenly complete loss of vision

If any of the above symptoms occur, a Pristin Care doctor is advised to contact an ophthalmologist or see a doctor immediately.

Read again: What are the signs and symptoms of cataracts?Know the precautions


After cataract surgery, it is of utmost importance for the patient to follow the instructions. Otherwise, you are more likely to have side effects and complications.For more information related to cataract surgery, please consult an ophthalmologist from Pristine care.. To ensure a proper diagnosis of the condition, our doctors utilize state-of-the-art equipment. In addition to this, it is advisable to go to a follow-up consultation to check the progress of healing. Book now for more information.

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