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President Pox, 1863 | Scientist Magazine®

NSEighteen years ago, Abraham Lincoln delivered a short but inevitable speech in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, home to the bloodiest battlefield of the Civil War, which killed thousands of soldiers.

Lincoln Known Due to his melancholy general air and bouts of severe depression, but the night after his speech on November 19, 1863, he suffered from something more... According to modern reports, the president’s weakness and dizziness from the previous day were exacerbated by high fever and severe headaches. A few days later, he developed a generalized rash, followed by blisters. The diagnosis was a mild case of smallpox, but Lincoln was ordered to quarantine and did not resume public service for almost a month.more Recent analysis Lincoln’s case suggests that it may have been more serious Researchers guess His doctor may have deliberately softened the diagnosis to avoid panicking in a war-torn country.

Dormant Illness: Abraham Lincoln sat down for this portrait of Alexander Gardner on November 8, 1863, less than two weeks after giving the famous Gettysburg Address. Shortly thereafter, the president was diagnosed with smallpox. The incubation period of the disease is 10-14 days, so it is possible that Lincoln was infected at the time the photo was taken.

© Library of Congress

Of course, Lincoln survived and seemed to be fully recovered before being assassinated in less than two years. However, his servant died of smallpox shortly after the president’s recovery. William Johnson, a free black man who accompanied the president to Gettysburg, is probably the one who takes care of Lincoln. Expert Johnson is probably Caught the virus From the president. Lincoln repaid Johnson’s debt and buried him in Arlington National Cemetery.

Those living today do not know if Lincoln is immunized against smallpox. 1796, Edward Jenner Indicated Cowpox vaccination was also protected from smallpox, but standardized smallpox vaccines did not exist in Lincoln’s time, says Andrea Rasnock, a medical historian at the University of Rhode Island. Rather, immunity is often ” [the] Vaccination from the child’s arm to the arm, “she says.

Healthcare workers make a small incision in the child’s arm to introduce the scab or fluid drained from the pustules of smallpox from the immunized child. By repeating the process, which caused acne in newly immunized children but was not full-blown smallpox, the vaccine strain survived in the community. However, without an organized infrastructure to track immunization and continuously collect the virus from newly inoculated children, vaccine strains can decline.

In addition, regular smallpox vaccination is rare outside of big cities, she says. Growing up in a rural town in Springfield, Illinois, Lincoln would not have been vaccinated as a child without an outbreak.

Although mortality and spread were reduced by isolating patients and encouraging them to take in fresh air, unvaccinated mortality was still approximate. 30 percent.. According to Rusnock, smallpox is an “equal opportunity illness” that killed the prince and the beggar as well. She added that congestion during the war and supply chain disruptions could have contributed to further outbreaks.

“It’s important to remember that smallpox is incredibly scary, because one in three people [wasn’t] I’m going to survive, “says Rusnock. “Recovering Lincoln from smallpox is a very volatile moment in the history of our country.”

President Pox, 1863 | Scientist Magazine®

https://www.the-scientist.com/foundations/presidential-pox-69413 President Pox, 1863 | Scientist Magazine®

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