Pregnancy lasts about 280 days or 40 weeks. Births 3 weeks before, or estimated 37 weeks before pregnancy, are called: Premature birth. Due to lack of proper development Premature Babies are often at high risk of medical complications. These complications depend on the immaturity of the birth.
What are the terms used at different stages of premature babies?
Preterm birth is defined as an infant born alive before the completion of 37 weeks of gestation. There are subcategories of preterm birth based on gestational age:
- Very premature birth (less than 28 weeks)
- Very premature birth (28-32 weeks)
- Moderate to late preterm birth (32-37 weeks)
Most preterm births occur late in preterm birth. In addition, medical advances have led most premature babies to live longer and healthier lives.
What are the characteristics of preterm birth?
Some of the common signs of Premature Births include:
- Inappropriate body composition for babies with large heads and small bodies.
- Your baby’s body is deficient in fat, which makes it look sharper and cooler.
- Respiratory distress due to immature development.
- Fine hair covering the body (lanugo)
- The skin may appear translucent or shiny.
- Less than average weight and composition.
When should I see a doctor?
It is possible to delay and delay labor Premature Born in a few days. A delay of even one day can have a significant impact on both short-term and long-term complications.
Regardless of the week of pregnancy, you should see a doctor immediately if any of the following occur:
- Back pain.
- Frequent contractions (less than 10 minute intervals).
- Damaged water bag (water leak from vagina).
- Abdominal cramps.
- Bleeding from the vagina.
- Increased vaginal pressure.
The sooner you visit the doctor, the better for your baby.Prompt diagnosis and treatment also increases time delay Premature birth.
If you have already given birth Premature For babies, especially newborns (newborns, usually less than 4 weeks), you still need to see your doctor frequently. They are transferred directly to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) shortly after birth.Special care during the early life of Premature Babies can minimize health complications.
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What are the risk factors for preterm birth?
Usually the cause Premature Birth unknown, but in some scenarios it can be more vulnerable to delivery Premature Baby. Some of these are:
- Premature Prenatal history.
- Multiple pregnancies (twins, triplets, or more).
- Cervical or uterine problems.
- Smoking habits.
- Multiple abortions.
- Pregnancy intervals are negligible (less than half a year).
These are common risk factors that increase your chances of Premature delivery.But there are some health conditions Premature Childbirth essentials.
What are the complications of preterm birth?
Medical advances have proven to be essential to support Premature The baby is living a healthy life. Therefore, not all babies born early will experience complications. The risk of complications depends on how early your baby is born. Simply put, very preterm babies are at much higher risk than late preterm babies. Some complications occur shortly after the baby is born, while others develop years or years later.
Complications of short-term preterm birth
The· Premature Your baby may experience the following complications in the first few weeks:
- Dyspnea: Immature lung development can cause respiratory distress Premature Baby. This can lead to some respiratory illnesses that require immediate treatment.
- Heart condition: Common heart disease Premature The baby is the opening between the pulmonary artery and the aorta, known as patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Another complication that can occur is hypotension.
- Brain problems: Preterm infants may experience intracerebral hemorrhage. Bleeding usually stops for a short period of time, but it can also cause fatal complications.
- Unable to regulate body temperature: Due to lack of fat Premature Babies, their bodies lose heat rapidly. And their bodies cannot generate the same amount of heat. As a result, the body temperature is low.
- Gastrointestinal condition: Premature The gastrointestinal tract makes eating difficult. It can lead to a condition known as necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), which infects cells in the intestinal wall.
- Blood problems: A common blood problem in preterm infants is anemia. The number of red blood cells is low.
Premature Babies may experience some other short-term complications such as metabolic problems.They also have an underdeveloped immune system for them Premature birth.
Complications of long-term preterm birth
- Sight problems: Premature Your baby may have swollen blood vessels in the retina. This can lead to a variety of vision problems, including blindness.
- Tooth condition: Preterm infant dysgenesis causes tooth problems such as improper alignment and discoloration of teeth.
- Cerebral palsy: This is a disorder of muscle tone, posture or movement that can be caused by an injury, inadequate blood flow, or an infection of the baby’s developing brain while the newborn is still young and immature. is.
- Hearing problems: Hearing loss is a risk that can occur in Premature Baby. They have a hearing test before they are discharged.
- Learning disabilities: Due to lack of brain development Premature School-aged babies are more likely to develop learning disabilities than mature babies.
- Chronic health problems: There is an increased risk of developing chronic health in the long run.
How to prevent premature birth?
There are measures that can be taken to prevent Premature delivery. However, these measures do not guarantee complete prevention. Premature Birth is often unknown.
- Cervical cerclage: Cervical and uterine problems are risk factors for preterm birth. Therefore, women with a short cervix can undergo a surgical procedure called cervical cerclage. Cervical cerclage is sewn together by cervical cerclage. The stitches are then removed at birth.
- Progesterone supplements: Women with a history of premature birth Premature Delivery by taking progesterone supplements. It also helps reduce the chances of preterm birth in women with short cervix.
What kind of treatment is given to premature babies?
Premature Babies are more likely to develop some health complications. Therefore, they are treated in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) or special nursing homes.Some of the common treatments given to Premature Baby:
- Incubator support: Since then Premature The baby is unable to regulate body temperature and is supported by an incubator. The incubator is a small plastic bassinet that keeps your baby warm.
- Keep an eye on your baby’s vitals. Hospital staff constantly monitor and update doctors for baby vital signs. These vitals include body temperature, respiratory rate, heart rate, and more.
- Intravenous tube: How to Balance Eating Disorders Premature Babies, intravenous (IV) tubes are used to deliver essential nutrients to the baby. You need to use an IV tube until your baby is strong enough to suck milk. IV tubes also help deliver other essential fluids, nutrients, and medications to your baby.
- transfusion: Red blood cell counts are usually low in preterm infants. Therefore, depending on the number, the doctor will transfuse to increase the red blood cell count.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
- What is the average weight of a mature baby?
Mature boys weigh 7 pounds and 15 ounces (3.6 kg), and mature girls weigh 7 pounds and 7.9 ounces (3.4 kg).
- Is preterm birth fatal?
Most preterm birth conditions can be dealt with for medical advances. However, if left untreated, some complications can lead to the death of the baby.
- What are some ways to care for premature babies?
Premature babies need additional care. Therefore, you need to make some lifestyle changes. It helps to learn CPR for babies, provide skin-to-skin contact for warmth, and monitor vitals.