Recurrence of opioid addiction can be different in men and women

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Thursday, March 4, 2021 (HealthDay News)

Who is more likely to relapse after treatment for opioid addiction? Are you a woman or a man?

A new study that tracked 1,100 recovering opioid users reveals that their risks are different.

Researchers followed men and women for a year after treatment at more than 100 drug-using treatment facilities across the United States. During that time, 55% of women and 51.5% of men used opioids at least once. This study examined more than 30 potential reasons for recurrence.

For women, the greatest risk factors for opioid recurrence were depression, more severe withdrawal symptoms, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

For men, the strongest risk factors included the use of multiple substances and a history of conduct disorders. This is a matter of behavior that violates the rules and basic rights of others.

The study showed that younger age was also at risk of recurrence for both women and men.

A study from the University of Southern California (USC) was recently published online in a journal. Addiction.. Researchers said their findings may pave the way for gender-targeted treatments.

“These results suggest that women will particularly benefit from treatments that actively address withdrawal symptoms with appropriate medications and cognitive-behavioral therapy,” said lead author Jordan Davis. He is the Deputy Director of the USC Center for Artificial Intelligence in Society in Los Angeles.

“In contrast, men are most likely to directly target substance-use behaviors and benefit most from cognitive and mutual aid interventions that support the development of prosocial behaviors,” Davis added in a college news release. It was.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, fatal drug overdose surged in the United States, with two-thirds associated with opioids. During the 12 months, the United States recorded 81,000 deaths from overdose, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Treatment of opioid use disorders, including both drug and behavioral therapies, may be effective, but the risk of recurrence is a permanent challenge, researchers say.

Future studies should focus on ways to reduce the different specific risks of recurrence between women and men, the study authors conclude.

For more information

The National Institute on Drug Abuse details the treatment of drug addiction.

Source: University of Southern California, News Release, January 6, 2021

Robert Prite

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