Health

Risk of arrhythmias associated with frequent alcohol use in people under the age of 40

Long-term, moderate to heavy drinking may increase the risk of dangerous types of arrhythmias in adults under the age of 40, according to a new study in South Korea.

Atrial fibrillation, or AFib, heartThe upper chamber of the beats irregularly and can increase the stroke dangerous If you leave it unprocessed, it will be 5 times. According to American Heart Association statistics, this condition is estimated to affect 12.1 million people in the United States by 2030.

Previous studies are more linked alcohol Although consumption is consumed to increase the risk of AFib, there were few studies of young adults, said Dr. Minjuhan, a third-year resident of internal medicine at Seoul National University Hospital, co-principal researcher of the study. Told.

“we Young people I’m not confident in my health and I don’t think I’ll get sick because I’m young, “said Han, 29. Atrial fibrillation Diagnosis at a young age increases the duration of the illness and causes a poor prognosis. “

Researchers examined the records of more than 1.5 million Koreans aged 20 to 39 years without AFib who underwent annual health examinations from 2009 to 2012. The data is from the National Health Insurance system. Up to 2 years including questions about alcohol use. Approximately 42% of participants reported moderate or heavy drinking during the four years, most of them male.

During the follow-up period of about five and a half years, the overall percentage of AFib was as low as 0.2%. However, the risk was up to 25% higher for those who reported moderate or heavy drinking compared to those who did not or did not drink.

Moderate consumption was defined as at least 105 grams of alcohol each week. This is equivalent to 7.5. Standard drink.. Heavy drinking was defined as at least 15 glasses per week. A standard drink usually equates to 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces of wine, or 1.5 ounces of hard liquor. For adults who choose to drink, federal dietary guidelines recommend two glasses a day for men and one or less for women.

The study found people who reported Heavy drinking Over the four years, the risk of AFib increased by 47% compared to non-drinkers. Researchers managed a variety of factors, including age, gender, smoking status, exercise levels, and various conditions associated with heart problems.

Findings presented at AHA’s Virtual Science Session Conference earlier this month will be considered preliminary until the entire paper is published in a peer-reviewed journal.

Results may not be applicable to all races and ethnicities, as the surveyed population included only Asians. Another limitation is that people may not remember or report their drinking level exactly.

“This is the first study to demonstrate the effects of alcohol in a young population,” said Dr. Peter Noseworthy, an electrophysiologist and medical professor at the May York Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, who was not involved in the study. “And while the absolute risk is small in that age group, the large number of samples makes the authors very clear about the dose-related effects of alcohol on the risk of atrial fibrillation, as seen in the elderly. I am. “

When someone in their 20s or 30s develops AFib, “It’s not uncommon for alcohol to appear to be at least an aggravating factor, so I think it’s important to talk to the patient about it. It’s relevant. Some more definitive evidence. ”


Patients with arrhythmias were warned of heavy alcohol intake


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