Roseola: symptoms, treatment, etc.


Roseola is a common viral infection in infants. Usually, this infection is not serious and resolves spontaneously. This article may help you learn more about symptoms, causes, treatments, and more.

About the topic

Roseola is an infectious disease caused by certain herpesviruses. It generally affects children from 6 months to 2 years. Roseola usually resolves spontaneously with the help of medication and rest.

What are the common symptoms of exanthema subitum infection?

If your child has an infection, it may take 5 to 15 days for symptoms to appear. Your child can also be asymptomatic, despite being affected by the virus. In addition, some children may suffer from unnoticed mild symptoms. Symptoms of exanthema subitum are generally:

  • High fever-If your child’s temperature exceeds 39.5 ° C, it is considered high fever. Fever usually lasts 3 to 7 days.
  • Rash-A pink rash develops within 12 to 24 hours after the fever disappears. It may be flat or raised. This pink rash is a characteristic sign of exanthema subitum and marks the end of the course of infection. There may be a white ring around some spots. The rash usually begins on the back, chest, and abdomen and then spreads to the arms and neck. It may or may not reach your feet or face. You may not have a rash.

Other signs and symptoms of exanthema subitum in children are:

  • Hypersensitivity
  • Ear pain
  • Anorexia
  • Swollen glands
  • Mild diarrhea
  • Mild cough or sore throat
  • Swelling of the eyelids
  • Convulsions due to high fever

When do you see a doctor?

Roseola can usually be treated at home with over-the-counter medications and rest. However, if you need medical care, you can request an appointment at Apollo Hospital. Talk to your doctor if your child has these symptoms-

  • Febrile seizures-If your child has a high fever and shows signs of seizures, see a doctor immediately.
  • Your child has a persistent high fever that lasts more than 7 days
  • If there is no improvement in the spread of the rash.

Request a reservation at Apollo Hospital

phone 1860-500-1066 Reserve

How to prevent the transmission of exanthema subitum?

There is no vaccine to prevent the transmission of exanthema subitum. To ensure the safety of your child, avoid exposure to infected individuals. In addition, if the child is ill, keep away from other children until the virus has progressed.

If you have an infected person at home, be sure to wash your hands repeatedly to prevent the spread of the infection.

What are the common causes of exanthema subitum?

Most often, exanthema subitum is caused by exposure to human herpesvirus 6 type. There may also be human herpesvirus type 7 virus.

Like other viral infections, exanthema subitum spreads through small droplets of liquid. Most commonly, this happens when an infected person coughs, talks, or sneezes. If healthy children share an object with an infected child, they can become infected with the virus.

A roseola is contagious, even if there are no signs of a rash. In other words, even if an infected child has a fever, the disease can spread. The disease can occur at any time of the year, but it rarely occurs in the community.

What is the cure for exanthema subitum?

There is no specific treatment for exanthema subitum. Drugs such as antibiotics and antifungals cannot treat this viral infection. Your doctor may prescribe your over-the-counter medication to treat the symptoms of exanthema subitum. Here are some tips to help your child recover from exanthema subitum.

  • Doctors may prescribe medications such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen to reduce fever and relieve pain.
  • Do not give aspirin to your child during a viral illness as its use is associated with Reye’s syndrome.
  • Make sure your child is well hydrated and consuming excess fluid during the illness.
  • Keep your child comfortable by wearing loose, airy clothing.

Contact your doctor if your child shows signs of lethargy or seizures.


Roseola is a self-limited viral illness that usually resolves. Most children develop antibodies by the time they reach school age and are spared from repeated infections. Usually you can treat your illness at home through OTC medications. However, if your child’s symptoms do not improve, you can make an appointment by calling 1860-500-1066.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

  • Can adults get a roseola?

Yes, adults can get exanthema subitum. However, adults usually experience milder symptoms than children.

  • How long is the incubation period of exanthema subitum?

The incubation period is the period from the first exposure to the virus to the onset of symptoms. The incubation period of exanthema subitum is about 14 days.

  • How is exanthema subitum diagnosed?

Doctors usually consider the child’s medical history. They may also recommend some tests to check your child’s saliva.

  • How fast does my child feel okay?

Children often feel better after the appearance of a rash. Your child can return to normal activity 24 hours after the symptoms disappear.

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