Health

Super-processed foods increase the risk of a second heart attack or stroke

By Istituto Neurologico Mediterraneo Neuromed IRCCS

Credit: CC0 public domain

Super-processed foods are a major public health concern as they can have adverse health effects. Currently, a study by the Epidemiology and Prevention Department of IRCCS Neuromed in Pozziri (Italy) is investigating the health effects of most diets of ultra-processed foods on people already suffering from cardiovascular disease. The findings show that this time there is an increased risk of a fatal second heart attack (or stroke). In addition, another observation emerges from this study. People who generally eat a Mediterranean diet, but who consume too much ultra-processed foods, also have an increased health risk.

Studies published in European Heart JournalThe European Society of Cardiology has followed 1,171 people who have participated in the Morisani Epidemiology Project for over 10 years. All of them were already suffering from cardiovascular disease by the time they were included in the study. With respect to the diets followed by participants, researchers are made partially or entirely with substances that are not routinely used in cooking (eg, hydrolyzed proteins, maltodextrins, hydrogenated fats) and generally contain a variety of additives. Focused on the consumption of super-processed foods. Dyes, preservatives, antioxidants, anti-cooking agents, flavor enhancers, sweeteners, etc. This category includes apparently “unexpected” products such as sugared sodas, packaged meals, spreads, and rusks, breakfast cereals, crackers, and fruit yogurt. These foods were classified using the NOVA system, which evaluates foods according to their degree of processing rather than their nutritional value.

Maria Laura Bonaccio, a researcher at the Department of Epidemiology and the lead author of the study, said: “People who consume high amounts of ultra-processed foods have a two-thirds higher risk of a second heart attack or stroke. I knew that. ” This time, it’s fatal compared to participants who eat these foods infrequently. There is also a 40% chance of dying for any reason. It is important to emphasize the definition of supermachining. food It is not a nutritional ingredient, but a process used to prepare and store it. In other words, even if the food is nutritionally balanced, it can still be considered super-processed. Obviously, it’s not the single food that’s consumed occasionally that makes the difference, but the overall diet that has too many products from the shelves of the supermarket. As the Mediterranean tradition has taught us for centuries, a diet based on the consumption of fresh, minimally processed products should always be preferred. “

“This study conveys an important message. It’s time to overcome the distinction between healthy and unhealthy foods based solely on nutritional value,” said Lithia Iacobiello, director of epidemiology prevention at Neuromed. ,, One can trace the Mediterranean diet, Probably rich in legumes and vegetables, Healthy diet We will say. However, the simple definition of “Mediterranean” does not tell us how those foods were cooked. Fresh vegetables are not the same as cooked seasoned vegetables, and the same is true for many other foods. It is an increasingly important factor to consider when advising citizens on proper nutrition. Our suggestion is to add the level of industrial processing of food to the front label of the pack, which so far only provides nutritional information. ”


Super processed foods are associated with cardiovascular disease


For more information:
Ingestion of ultra-processed foods and mortality by all causes and causes in individuals with cardiovascular disease: Moli-sani study, European Heart Journal (2021). DOI: 10.1093 / eurheartj / ehab783

Provided by Istituto Neurologico Mediterraneo Neuromed IRCCS

Quote: Super Processed Foods is a second heart attack or stroke (2021) obtained from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-11-ultra-processed-foods-heart.html on November 29, 2021. Increase the risk of (November 29)

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