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Survivors with severe COVID double the risk of death after one year

Dennis Thompson Health Day Reporter

Thursday, December 2, 2021 (HealthDay News)

People who have recovered from a serious case of COVID-19 (new coronavirus infection) New studies show that patients hospitalized with COVID are 2.5 times more likely to die within a year than those who have never been infected with the coronavirus.

Researchers also say they are almost twice as likely to die as those who had mild cases of COVID.

The risk of death for hospitalized COVID patients under the age of 65 is even higher, more than three times that of COVID-free patients and nearly three times that of mild COVID patients.

“If you think about it, this is a COVID complication that people haven’t seen, but it’s an extreme complication of COVID, and you’re more likely to die after it gets better,” said Arch Mainous, senior researcher. I am saying. Vice-Chair of Research at the University of Florida School of Community Health and Family Medicine.

Worryingly, he added that only one in five studies admitted with COVID died of health problems associated with the disease.

“We found that only 20% of these deaths were due to respiratory or cardiovascular diagnosis, which means that people are dying of all kinds,” Mainous said. I am saying. “That makes it even more annoying. Your risk of death is so high that people will never return to COVID and you will die.”

Mainous and his colleagues said that people hospitalized with COVID were more than twice as likely to return to the hospital within six months as those who had never been ill or had mild COVID. I have already discovered that there is.

“Now let’s take this to another level. Let’s see what happens to people in terms of mortality,” Mains said. “You can’t get more difficult results. Does this really increase your risk of death?”

The research team analyzed the health records of more than 13,600 patients treated at the University of Florida since January 2020. Of these, 178 have severe COVID and 246 have mild or moderate COVID. The rest were testing COVID free at some point.

Researchers began tracking people with severe COVID after being released from the hospital.

Results released on December 1 show that patients hospitalized with COVID are 2.5 times more likely to die than those without infection and 1.8 times more likely than those with mild COVID. Medical frontier..

The news was even worse for people under the age of 65, who were 3.3 times more likely to die than those without COVID and 2.8 times more likely to die than those with mild COVID.

Most people who died within a year of being hospitalized with COVID heart Also lung, Mainous, the organ most hit by the coronavirus, pointed out.

“Many people die after COVID, but no one admits it because they don’t get COVID in hospitals,” says Mainous.

However, people hospitalized with severe COVID are 4.5 times more likely to die of respiratory illness and 3 times more likely to die in the months following recovery than those who have never been infected. rice field. heart The problem, the researcher found.

Dr. Ameshua Dalha, a senior scholar at the Johns Hopkins Health and Security Center in Baltimore, is not surprised that people hospitalized with COVID will become more vulnerable in the coming months.

“Severe illnesses of all kinds, especially due to infection, can have a chain effect on health after the acute infection process has subsided,” said Adalja, who was not part of the study. “When an inflammatory response is triggered, it can cause widespread damage to multiple organ systems.”

COVID is known to damage virtually all body organs, including the brain and kidneys, Mainous said.

“You can see inflammation everywhere. With the heart lung, You can see it in the kidneys, “Mainous said of a severe COVID infection.

“Physiological insult, trauma Hospitalization with COVID has a very detrimental effect on your body, so your body does not recover very well, “he continued. To this enormous risk of death. “

These findings show a strong debate for obtaining a COVID. vaccination, Mainous said, because it is the only known way to limit the severity of infection.

“Masking and social distance reduce the chances of earning COVID, but it doesn’t affect the severity of your episode,” Mainous said. “The only thing we currently know that affects your severity is vaccination, which helps reduce the chances of being hospitalized or dying in a hospital with COVID.”

For more information

Johns Hopkins Medicine More Long-term health effects of COVID..

Source: Arch Mainous, PhD, Vice-Chair, Research, University of Florida Community Health and Family Medicine, Gainesville. Doctor of Medicine, Ameshua Dalha, Senior Scholar, Johns Hopkins Health Security Center, Baltimore. Medical frontier, December 1, 2021

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