Symptoms, causes, treatments and risk factors

What is gonorrhea?

Gonorrhea, also known as “applause” or “intravenous drip,” is a common sexually transmitted disease. The affected area is primarily the reproductive tract, but it can also affect other areas of the body such as the rectum, eyes, and joints.

What are the symptoms of gonorrhea?

People with gonorrhea usually don’t know it because they have few symptoms. When they occur, they usually occur in the genital area. Some of the signs and symptoms of gonorrhea are:

  • Painful urination
  • Frequent, persistent, urgent urination
  • Inflammation and redness of the penis
  • Testicular pain and inflammation
  • Pus-like secretions from the rectum and penis
  • Abdominal pain or pelvic pain
  • Increased vaginal discharge
  • Bleeding during menstruation
  • Sharp abdominal pain
  • Vaginal bleeding and pain after vaginal intercourse
  • Eye pain
  • Photosensitivity
  • Pus-like secretions from the eyes
  • Swelling of lymph nodes in the neck
  • Bacterial arthritis (bacterial infection of joints that causes pain, redness, and inflammation)

When should I go to the doctor?

Gonorrhea can be cured with antibiotics. However, if not treated immediately, it can lead to health problems in the future. Talk to your doctor if you notice any suspicious symptoms, especially pus-like secretions from the rectum, vagina, or penis. If your partner is diagnosed with gonorrhea, you should be tested yourself as it may be asymptomatic.

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How is gonorrhea diagnosed?

If your doctor suspects you have gonorrhea, you should have the following tests to diagnose gonorrhea.

  • Urinalysis: You will be asked to provide a sample of urine. This sample will be sent to the laboratory for inspection. This helps determine the presence of bacteria in the urethra.
  • Affected cotton swab: Swabs collected in the throat, urethra, rectum, or vagina are collected using a cotton swab. Swabs collect bacteria that can be identified in the laboratory. Fluid samples from symptomatological joints are taken to diagnose joint infections. Add stains to these samples in the laboratory and observe under a microscope. Alternatively, place the sample on a dish and incubate under ideal growth conditions. After a few days, gonorrhea is diagnosed when the presence of colonies of gonorrhea cells is observed.

What Causes Gonorrhea?

The bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae causes gonorrhea. This is a sexually transmitted disease that can be spread by sexual contact such as oral, anal, and vaginal intercourse.

How do you get gonorrhea?

Gonorrhea is transmitted through the body fluids of an infected partner. Gonorrhea is carried in semen and vaginal fluid. It can also be obtained by the mother during the perinatal period at birth.

What is the cure for gonorrhea?

Home remedies and OTC medicines cannot treat gonorrhea. If you are diagnosed with gonorrhea, you should see a doctor. The treatment options for gonorrhea are:

  • grown up: Treatment of gonorrhea in adults includes antibiotics. A common treatment given to uncomplicated gonorrhea patients is the antibiotic ceftriaxone. It is given as an injection with azithromycin, which is given orally. If you are allergic to ceftriaxone, gemifloxacin may be given orally, or gentamicin may be given by injection and azithromycin orally.
  • Baby: Babies infected because their mother was infected during childbirth can be treated with antibiotics.

You should be relieved within a few days after starting treatment with antibiotics. Avoid sex until you are fully recovered.

How can I prevent gonorrhea?

Follow the tips given to reduce your chances of getting gonorrhea:

  • Use a condom: Avoiding sex is the surest way to eliminate the possibility of getting gonorrhea. However, if you choose to have sexual intercourse, use condoms or other barrier contraceptives during all types of sexual activity, including oral sex, anal sex, and vaginal sex. Do not exchange fluids with your partner unless you are about to become pregnant.
  • Limit the number of sex partners: You can reduce your risk of getting this infection by refraining from having sex with another person and changing partners frequently.
  • Sieving: Before having sexual intercourse, make sure you and your partner are tested for sexually transmitted diseases and share the results with each other. Regular screening is recommended to prevent infection. Women under the age of 25 who are sexually active, especially those who have multiple sex partners, new partners, partners with other sex partners, or sex partners with STDs should be screened annually.
  • Do not have sex with people who may have a sexually transmitted disease: If you suspect gonorrhea due to your partner’s abnormal symptoms, do not have sex with your partner until you have been screened for a sexually transmitted disease. If your partner complains of a burning sensation when urinating or a genital rash, see a doctor before having sex.
  • Beware of recurrent infections: To avoid re-infection, refrain from sexual intercourse until both you and your partner have completed treatment.

What are the risk factors for gonorrhea?

Some of the risk factors for gonorrhea are:

  • A sexually active woman under the age of 25.
  • A man who has sex with another man.
  • Have unprotected sex
  • Have oral sex
  • Change your sex partner
  • Have multiple sex partners
  • Have a sex partner with other partners
  • Have had gonorrhea or other sexually transmitted diseases

What are the complications of gonorrhea?

Gonorrhea is relatively easy to treat, but if left untreated for long periods of time, it can cause some serious complications. Some of them are:

  • Female infertility: Gonorrhea affects the uterus and fallopian tubes and can cause PID (pelvic inflammatory disease). PID can then cause scarring of the fallopian tubes. It also increases the risk of infertility and pregnancy complications such as ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy in which a fertilized egg implants outside the uterus).
  • Male infertility: Gonorrhea can cause the epididymis, the small tube behind the testicles that carries sperm, to become inflamed. This condition is called epididymitis. Untreated epididymitis can significantly increase the risk of male infertility.
  • Baby complications: Babies who get gonorrhea from their mother before or during childbirth can develop blindness, infections, and / or pain in the scalp.
  • IIncreased risk of AIDS: Gonorrhea makes you more susceptible to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HIV is an AIDS-causing virus that can be life-threatening.
  • Heart and brain problems: When the infection enters the bloodstream, it can cause heart valve damage, arthritis, or swelling of the lining of the spinal cord or brain. These complications are rare but dangerous.


Gonorrhea can be completely resolved with early diagnosis and treatment. Even if there are no visible symptoms, the partner should be screened and treated for gonorrhea.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

  1. How long does it take to cure gonorrhea?

The symptoms of gonorrhea usually subside in a week. It may take some time for the pain in the testicles to relieve. Bleeding during the menstrual cycle usually stops after the next cycle.

  1. How long do you go unnoticed by gonorrhea?

In some cases, you may not have symptoms for a long time. However, it is possible to infect others. For people with symptoms, the symptoms usually appear in 2-5 days. It may take up to 30 days to be displayed.

  1. Can gonorrhea pass orally?

Gonorrhea can be transmitted through oral sex, but keep in mind that casual intimacy, such as kissing, does not promote gonorrhea transmission.

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