Takayasu’s arteritis Rare vasculitis, a group of diseases that cause inflammation of blood vessels. Inflammation damages the aorta, including the major branches of Takayasu’s arteritis.
What is Takayasu’s arteritis?
The disease is characterized by severe inflammation of large blood vessels, including the aorta, which carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body. This is commonly seen in Asian women under the age of 40. Also called vasculitis, Takayasu’s arteritis It leads to damage to the largest arteries, aortas, and associated branches. Over time, inflammation can cause the arteries to thicken with scars, weaken the walls of the arteries, and swell or tear (aneurysms).
What are the symptoms?
Doctors can classify according to the symptoms seen Takayasu’s arteritis In three different stages.
Stage 1 Symptoms:
- Unexplained weight loss
- muscle pain
- Joint pain
- Low-grade fever
These are common symptoms and are not definitive. Damage to the arterial wall can last for years before it is noticed.
Stage 2 Symptoms:
- Pain and weakness in limbs during use
- Weak pulse-difficult to get blood pressure, or blood pressure difference between arms
- High blood pressure
- Dizziness, painting or dizziness
- Thinking problems and memory problems
- Visual impairment or headache
- Shortness of breath or chest pain
- Anemia (too few red blood cells)
- Diarrhea or blood in the stool
These symptoms indicate a more advanced stage that results from blocked blood flow from the heart to other parts of the body.
- When do I need to see a doctor?
If you are short of breath and have pain in your arms or chest, you should see a doctor immediately. Also, be aware of stroke symptoms such as weakness of the arms, difficulty speaking, and drooping face. Early detection is a more effective treatment.If already diagnosed Takayasu’s arteritisObserve the type of symptoms you are experiencing. Tracking all of this will help your doctor treat you effectively.
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How is the condition diagnosed?
Blood test: Blood tests can be used to diagnose signs of inflammation and anemia
Blood vessel X-ray (angiography): Images obtained after angiography allow the care provider to see if the blood is flowing normally or if the blood is interrupted or slowed down due to a stenosis or stenosis of the blood vessels. In general, people with Takayasu’s arteritis have several areas of stenosis.
Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). This is a less invasive angiography that produces detailed images of blood vessels.
Computed Tomography (CT) Angiography: This is another non-invasive type of angiography that combines computer analysis of x-ray images with an intravenous contrast agent, allowing doctors to examine the structure of the aorta and its adjacent branches and monitor blood flow. will do so.
Ultrasonography: Doppler ultrasound is a more sophisticated version of common ultrasound. It can generate very high resolution images of the walls of specific arteries.
Positron emission tomography (PET). PET can measure the intensity of inflammation of blood vessels.
What are the complications?
- Hardening of blood vessels and arteries
- Increased blood pressure
- Inflammation of the heart
- Aortic aneurysm
- heart attack
- heart failure
- Transient ischemic attack or ministroke
- Pregnancy with this disease can be complicated. Talk to your doctor before you become pregnant to limit complications.
What are the treatment options?
The main therapeutic approaches include controlling inflammation and vascular damage. The problem with this disease is that it can recur if you stop taking the medication. Mainstream treatment involves the use of steroids to reduce inflammation.
- Other medications prescribed are methotrexate, azathioprine, and leflunomide. Drugs such as mycophenolate mofetil may also be used. Increased risk of infection is the most common side effect.
- yours Doctors may also suggest drugs (biopharmacy) that correct abnormalities in the immune system. If the arteries become severely narrowed, surgery is the only option that can dilate the blood vessels. If the valve is damaged, aortic valve surgery can be performed.
Understanding your condition, knowing the possible side effects of the medications you are taking, eating a healthy diet, taking supplements and vitamins, and exercising regularly will help you live healthy with this illness. increase.
Prevention Takayasu’s arteritis Not possible because the exact cause is unknown. It is advisable to maintain immunity and follow a healthy lifestyle combined with regular exercise.
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
- Need to limit the activity of Takayasu’s arteritis?
When it comes to limiting activity, your doctor can help you by first determining the stage of the illness or other symptoms you have.
- Is Takayasu’s Arteritis Deadly?
Takayasu’s arteritiss is a rare illness. From time to time, patients have to live with complications that can be fatal.
- What Causes Takayasu’s Arteritis?
The exact cause of Takayasu’s arteritis is unknown and is considered an autoimmune disease that attacks healthy blood vessels in the body.