The most common respiratory diseases and how to avoid them

From influenza to the common cold, and bigger problems such as pneumonia, there’s a wide range of ailments and diseases that affect the respiratory system. Some of them are just symptoms of underlying conditions, whereas others are diseases by themselves. To take care of your lung health for overall wellness, here are some of the most common respiratory diseases you should know about, along with how to avoid them.

1. Asthma

There is an intrinsic relationship between asthmatic allergic reactions, pollution, and infections. Once exposed to allergens, an individual who suffers from asthma is likely to experience wheezing, dry coughs, and shortness of breath. Most people with asthma carry an inhaler in their pockets. They tend to experience difficulty in breathing due to the inflammation of the airways. Asthma is a lifelong condition, but outbursts can be controlled by minimizing exposure to allergens. Keeping our homes free from dust, mites, mould, and other allergy triggers will also help.

2. Pneumonia

This is a manageable yet life-threatening respiratory disease. Pneumonia is often caused by infections in the lungs air sacs, which can be fungal, viral, or bacterial. The doctor will use a stethoscope to check for abnormal bubbling or crackling sounds produced when breathing. The very young and the very old are most prone to this condition because of a weak immune system.

Avoiding pneumonia involves protecting yourself from infections material, which is mostly transmitted through bodily fluids, surfaces, and shared personal items.

3. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

This is a general term for several respiratory illnesses characterized by shortness of breath and difficulty breathing. Some of the common symptoms of COPD include a cough and sputum coming from the lungs. It is more common among smokers, which means that avoiding smoking can help prevent the disease.

4. Bronchiectasis/Cystic Fibrosis

This is a condition where someone develops dilated bronchial tubes, which, in turn, cause mucus to collect, causing inflammation. Over time, the clogged tubes and passageways obstruct the pancreas from letting important digestive enzymes out. Some of the symptoms include salty-tasting skin, lung infections, abnormal growth rates in children, and chronic coughing. Information about prevention is inadequate, but cystic fibrosis can be treated and cured if detected early.

5. Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is a common respiratory disease. This fatal disease often develops in the main tissue of the lungs close to the air sacs. The air sacs then multiply uncontrollably and interfere with the regular functioning of the lungs.

Some risk factors include cigarette smoke, air pollution, and asbestos exposure. It is important to understand how asbestos can negatively affect you and your loved ones. For instance, it could lead to Mesothelioma, a form of lung cancer where malignant tumours are formed in the lungs. Homeowners and workers sometimes suffer from this type of cancer due to someone else’s negligence. If you are a victim of asbestos poisoning, you may qualify for a mesothelioma compensation claim with the help of a good attorney. Compensation can help cover your treatment costs, lost income, and other expenses related to the disease.

All the same, lung cancer prevention involves a wide range of measures, including eating well, maintaining an active lifestyle, and avoiding exposure to carcinogenic compounds like asbestos and cigarette smoke.

On that list, you can add COVID-19, which is still a huge menace in society (at the time of writing). Your lungs are among the most important organs in the body. They ensure a continuous supply of oxygen, which is dearly needed by billions of cells in your body. Protecting yourself from respiratory diseases can help you live a healthier, longer life.

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