Science & Technology

The role of scientists in society. – Science Inquirer

Dr. Michel Edwards He is an associate professor of sociology at Texas State University. Her research interests relate to environmental and social inequality, risk awareness, scientific social research, and sociological research methods. For example, she recently collaborated with Hannah Edwards (now a PhD student at the University of Colorado at Boulder) and Briana Luna (now a DPT student at the University of Texas at San Antonio). study How the Department of Homeland Security’s National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) process in connection with immigration detention perpetuates existing social and environmental inequality.

What is the role of scientists in society?

I don’t think we can answer the question about the role of “scientist” without first thinking about how (and by whom) the “scientist” is defined and where its boundaries are. for example, International Science Council Natural science, social science, When The humanities, but not all share this view. In fact, as a sociologist, I was initially invited to answer these questions as someone who was “not directly involved in science.”And since I’m looking at myself at first, I said no to this invitation As a scientist.. I use science to provide my perspective as a person who sometimes studies science.

To answer the first question, I would say that The role of scientists is to do science, For this Systematically build a particular form of knowledge. Different disciplines have different norms about how this knowledge is generated. Even in a single field like sociology, there are different ways to “do science” (for example, I asked people research questions, interviewed people, analyzed documents, etc. To answer some of the research questions).

What I think my view may differ from other scientists is that they see “doing science” as different from seeking the truth. Scientists are people. Our work provides a very useful method of knowledge, but we cannot find the absolute “truth” (Glyzer 2021And even if you don’t write about it in the publication, our job is to ask the questions we ask, how to interpret our observations, how to present our data, etc. Shaped by our experience. People who study science have been challenging for a long time. We investigated the concept of science as “neutral” and how it is shaped by force (Houri 2017).

Some scientists are worried that, as with all knowledge, if science has been shown to be of value, it can be dismissed as “political” (“Ottiger 2015). These scientists seek to combat politics by emphasizing their objectivity and neutrality. They seek to provide more scientific information to people without fully understanding that people interpret this information through their cultural lenses. As the debate on climate change science shows, funded disinformation campaigns can politicize even the most “neutral” science. For me, this approach (not being perceived as having values) isn’t working.It prevents us from having a more meaningful discussion of how our rigorous investigation led us to retain a particular policy view (we). March for science When Scientist rebellion Movement).

Why is this important?

Science is important because it helps us identify our most important global social and environmental problems, develop solutions to these problems, and then evaluate these solutions. I believe. In my opinion, The role of scientists should not only be to do science, but to work to democratize science. In other words, I think science should be in the hands of people.As written by GastonWhat is the democratization of science?

Create institutions and practices that fully incorporate the principles of accessibility, transparency, and accountability. That means considering the social outcomes of research at least as carefully as scientific and technical outcomes. In addition to being rigorous, it means claiming that science is popular, relevant, and participatory (2004: 25-26).

As scientists, we are now set Activities that generate scientific knowledge. We can learn more when people from many communities are involved in this process. There are already many scholars doing incredible work in this area (for example, community-based participatory research). Scientific tools to help people’s values ​​shape the knowledge they generate, how values ​​shape the way they consume scientific knowledge, and the community to answer their own most pressing questions. You need to consider how to better share. We are cutting out our work for us.

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The role of scientists in society. – Science Inquirer The role of scientists in society. – Science Inquirer

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