Science & Technology

# The United States consumed a record amount of renewable energy in 2020

In 2020, US renewable energy consumption increased for the fifth consecutive year, reaching a record high of 11.6 trillion British thermal units (Btu), or 12% of total US energy consumption. Renewable energy was the only source of energy consumption in the United States in 2020, increasing from 2019. Fossil fuel and nuclear consumption have decreased.our US Renewable Energy Consumption by Source and Sector The graph shows the amount of renewable energy consumed by each sector by source.

Converts an energy source into a common unit of heat. British thermal unit (Btu), which compares different types of energies that are usually measured in units that cannot be directly compared. For example, compare gallons of biofuel with kilowatt-hour wind energy.

We use Fossil fuel equivalence Calculates the primary energy consumption of non-combustible renewable energies (wind, hydro, solar, geothermal). They do not burn and generate electricity, so they do not have a unique Btu conversion rate.with this approachConverts non-combustible renewable energy from kilowatt hours to Btu using an annual weighted average Btu conversion rate Estimate the amount of fossil energy replaced by these renewable energy sources for all fossil fuels burned to generate electricity in the United States during the year.

Report using the fossil fuel equivalent approach Contribution of non-combustible renewable energy to overall primary energyPartly because the resulting share of primary energy is close to the share of generated power. This calculation also represents the energy that would have been consumed if the electricity from the renewable energy source was instead produced by a mixture of fossil fuels.

Wind Energy, or electricity generated by wind turbines, is consumed almost exclusively in the electricity sector. Wind energy accounted for about 26% of US renewable energy consumption in 2020. Wind surpassed hydropower in 2019 To be the single source of the most consumed renewable energy each year. 2020, U.S. wind energy consumption 14% grown From 2019.

Hydropower, Or the electricity generated by a hydro turbine is consumed almost exclusively in the electricity sector. It accounted for about 22% of US renewable energy consumption in 2020. Hydropower consumption in the United States has been relatively flat since the 1970s, but fluctuates with seasonal rainfall and Drought situation..

Wood and waste energy, Including trees Wood pelletsBiomass waste from, and Landfill, Receiving about 22% of US renewable energy consumption in 2020. Industrial, commercial, and power facilities use wood and waste as fuel to generate electricity, generate heat, and manufacture commodities.

BiofuelFuels Renewable energy consumption in the United States in 2020, including ethanol, biodiesel, and other renewable fuels, accounted for approximately 17%.US biofuel consumption 11% down From 2019 as a whole Energy usage in the transportation sector has decreased In the United States during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Sun Energy accounted for about 11% of US renewable energy consumption in 2020. Solar power (PV) cells (including roof panel), and Solar thermal power plant It uses sunlight to generate electricity.Some residential and commercial buildings Solar heating system Heat the water and the building.Overall, US solar consumption in 2020 22% increase From 2019.

Main contributors: Mickey Francis

Source: US Energy Information Administration, Monthly energy review..Note: Click to complete US Renewable Energy Chart..

Courtesy Energy Today — US Energy Information Administration (EIA)

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