Top tips for dealing with PCOS, causes, treatments and risk factors

Polycystic ovary syndrome, abbreviated as PCOS, is a disorder in women due to hormonal imbalances. Women experience a lack of menstruation that may last an irregular menstrual cycle or an abnormal period.

It is very common among women in the adolescent age group. By exercising regularly, following a diet plan that limits your insulin intake, performing daily activities, and reducing stress, your body can respond positively and improve treatment efficiency.

Understanding Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a lifestyle-related disease that can be treated. Your doctor recommends a good gynecologist to deal with PCOS. During PCOS, additional concerns such as excessive hair growth, frequent acne problems, infertility, and obesity may occur. It all happens due to the hormonal imbalance that your body faces, where the ovaries develop some fluid follicles and are unable to lay eggs.

There are few lifestyle changes that accompany treatment, which proves to be very beneficial in treating PCOS. Limit carbohydrates, maintain a healthy weight and BMI, and maintain optimal blood sugar levels.

What are the symptoms of PCOS?

PCOS can develop during the first menstrual cycle or as you eventually gain weight. Knowing and understanding your symptoms is an important part of PCOS management. It seeks medical care from you and provides you with a sign to lead a normal life right away.

The commonly witnessed signs and symptoms of PCOS are:
● Irregular menstruation – There are less than 8 or 9 days of menstruation in a year, there is a gap of 30-35 days or more between the two menstrual cycles, or there is very heavy menstruation.
● Excessive hair on the face and body (hirsutism), acne, baldness.
● Presence of polycystic ovaries – PCOS ovaries tend to enlarge due to the presence of follicles around the egg.

Obesity can exacerbate the signs and symptoms of PCOS.

When do you see a doctor?
Test yourself with these four questions to determine if you need to see a doctor.

  1. Are you worried about menstruation?
  2. Have you gained weight since your period began?
  3. Are there any signs of infertility?
  4. Is my facial and body hair much more than usual, in addition to terrible acne and baldness?

If your answer is “yes” to most of the above concerns, talk to your doctor right away.

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What is the cause of PCOS?

PCOS is a lifestyle disorder for which the exact cause remains unknown. Some factors that are believed to play an important role in causing PCOS are:
● Increased insulin hormones – Increased insulin hormones can cause excess androgens in the female body. This can interfere with your ovulation.
● Mild inflammation – Women suffering from PCOS have mild inflammation that stimulates the ovaries to secrete androgens. The result is swelling of blood vessels and heart-related problems.
● Genetic factors can also lead to PCOS.

What are the complications of PCOS?

Polycystic ovary syndrome can cause a variety of complications in the body. they are:
● Infertility.
● Gestational diabetes. Blood sugar levels can rise during pregnancy.
● Have a premature birth or miscarriage.
● Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis – Excessive fat builds up in the liver and can cause severe liver inflammation.
● You may develop a range of disorders, including high blood pressure (hypertension), high blood sugar (hyperglycemia), and abnormal cholesterol levels, and you may be at significant risk of heart disease.
● Type 2 diabetes.
● Depression with anxiety.
● Eating disorders.
● Sleep apnea.
● Rare uterine bleeding.
● Endometrial cancer.

What are the risk factors for PCOS?

Environmental and genetic factors are thought to play an important role in the development of the syndrome. If you are exposed to excess androgens (male hormones) and your insulin production increases, you are at increased risk of developing PCOS.

What is the treatment plan for PCOS patients?

The root cause of PCOS remains unknown to doctors. For this reason, PCOS treatment revolves around the treatment of specific problems associated with it. They describe: infertility, severe acne, hirsutism, or weight gain, and obesity. Targeted treatment requires various lifestyle changes and prescription medications.

Lifestyle changes
Your doctor will recommend weight loss therapy by encouraging you to follow a low-calorie diet with regular exercise. Even the slightest weight loss can be a “major” breakthrough in dealing with PCOS. It also increases the efficiency of your treatment and infertility.

Your medicine focuses on various aspects, including:

To ensure a timely menstrual period
● Doctors recommend a combination of oral contraceptives containing progesterone and estrogen. This combination helps to deal with the excess androgens secreted by the ovaries. Reduces the risk of endometrial cancer (endometrial cancer).
● Progestin therapy is recommended every 1-2 months for 10-14 days. This treatment helps regulate menstruation and prevent endometrial cancer.

To ensure ovulation:
● Oral anti-estrogen drug (clomiphene)
● Ovarian stimulation with the help of breast cancer treatment with letrozole
● Drugs such as metformin that lower insulin levels by increasing insulin resistance This drug is focused on people with type 2 diabetes
● Gonadotropin – These hormones are injected using a syringe

To counter excessive hair growth throughout the body (hirsutism)
● Oral contraceptives to reduce androgen secretion.
● Drugs such as spironolactone and eflornitine cream to combat excessive hair growth.They each function by blocking the effects of androgens on the female skin of PCOS and slowing the growth of facial hair.
● Electrolysis that destroys hair follicles and limits hair growth

Top tips to follow to manage PCOS
Whether it’s high blood pressure, diabetes, thyroid gland, or PCOS, disease management is an essential part of improving the disease. There are few lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help you overcome PCOS and lead a happy life.

The three Ms to follow to manage PCOS are:

Maintaining a healthy weight
Obstetricians and gynecologists are advised to maintain a healthy weight to reduce various risk factors for PCOS. Losing weight helps lower androgen and insulin levels. This can restore ovulation in your body. You can participate in a weight management program to reach your goals.

Maintaining a healthy diet
Your nutritionist will advise you on the foods you should add to your diet.
● High-fiber vegetables such as broccoli and lean protein (fish) are beneficial during PCOS.
● Some anti-inflammatory products, such as tomatoes and turmeric, help combat inflammation.
● If you are suffering from this illness, we recommend a low carb diet. This helps with insulin resistance.

Avoid high-carbohydrate, high-sugar products and processed foods.

Maintain an active lifestyle
Regular exercise and continuity of activity will help fight the factors that cause PCOS. This alleviates your symptoms and keeps your blood sugar low. This can be achieved by running yogasanas and pranayama. Being positive and healing yourself mentally helps with long-term PCOS. By running Surya Namaskar daily, you can take a step towards winning the fight against polycystic ovary syndrome.

Look at your diet Here are some dietary tips for managing polycystic ovary syndrome:
Low glycemic index diet
Female cells with PCOS have difficulty utilizing secreted insulin (if any). This causes an increase in blood sugar levels. To counter this, you should follow a low glycemic index (GI) diet. It is mainly composed of fruits and vegetables, lean protein, and whole grains. This can certainly restore the regularity of your period.
Increase healthy fat consumption
Healthy fats are known to lower blood insulin and androgen levels. This will definitely fight your insulin resistance.
Reduce carbohydrate intake
By limiting your carb diet, you can ensure greater weight loss. A low-carb diet lowers insulin and androgen levels, which improves insulin sensitivity.

PCOS is a common illness in women of reproductive age. To cope with PCOS and lead a normal life, you need a healthy weight, a healthy diet, and an active body. It will not only heal you physically, but also enhance your spiritual well-being.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

  1. How do doctors diagnose PCOS?
    There is no specific test to diagnose PCOS. Your medical history and symptom severity will help your doctor understand it and deal with it. They may check the body for signs of excessive hair, acne, androgenetic alopecia. We can advise on clinical tests such as pelvic tests, blood tests, and ultrasonography.
  2. Can I get pregnant during PCOS?
    Yes, you can get pregnant naturally during PCOS or by taking medication. Not all women with PCOS are hard to imagine. Ovulation can be achieved by following the regimen.
  3. What is the best kind of exercise to follow during PCOS?
    Below are some exercises to help you deal with PCOS.
    ● Cardio: Includes walking, jogging, swimming, cycling and more.
    ● Strength training: Includes squats, push-ups and more.
    ● Core Strength: These exercises will help your body prepare for pregnancy.

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