What is triglyceride?
They are a type of fat or lipid found in our blood and are the most common type of fat in our body. Triglycerides are formed when our body has more calories than we need. They are stored in fat cells and are used when the body needs energy between meals.
If you consume high-carbohydrate foods frequently, or if you regularly consume more calories than you burn, your blood may contain high triglycerides. Triglycerides are common in butter, oils and fats that we consume regularly in our diet. A simple blood test, known as a lipid panel or lipid profile, tells you the amount of triglycerides in your bloodstream. The following table shows normal and high levels of triglycerides in the body.
|normal||Less than 150 milligrams per deciliter (mg / dl)||Less than 1.7 mmol / liter (mmol / L)|
|Border line height||150-190||1.8-2.2|
|Very expensive||Over 500||5.7 and above|
Note: To get accurate results, you should fast overnight before the test.
Why are high levels of triglycerides harmful?
High triglycerides are harmful to the body as they contribute to the hardening and thickening of arteries and can pose a risk of heart attack and stroke. Higher numbers are often associated with other health problems such as high blood pressure, obesity, diabetes, low levels of good cholesterol, and high levels of bad cholesterol.
Elevated levels of triglycerides are also associated with liver and pancreatic disease.
What are the symptoms of high triglycerides?
High levels of triglycerides often do not cause symptoms. In rare cases, fat deposits may occur under the skin if the elevated levels are due to a genetic condition.
When do you see a doctor?
If your triglyceride levels are very high, or if you are experiencing obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, etc., you should see your doctor right away and recommend further testing.
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What Causes High Triglycerides?
Some lifestyle factors increase levels of triglycerides in the blood. They are more risk factors than the causes of triglycerides:
1. Normal high calorie diet
3. Excessive drinking
4. Hereditary disease
5. Thyroid disease
6. Cigarette smoking
7. Liver or kidney disease
8. Inadequately controlled type 2 diabetes
9. Specific medicine
What are the risk factors for triglycerides?
Several factors are known to increase the risk of triglycerides. they are:
- High levels of blood sugar and diabetes
- Excessive weight
- Lack of exercise
- High blood pressure
What is the cure for triglycerides?
Triglycerides can be reduced by lifestyle changes such as diet and regular exercise. If lifestyle changes cannot control triglyceride levels, drug therapy may come to mind. Choosing a healthy lifestyle is known to have a positive effect on triglycerides.
According to medical professionals, you should exercise for at least 30 minutes each day. It’s also a good idea to include healthy habits such as climbing stairs without using the elevator, going to nearby shops, and taking frequent breaks at work. Regular exercise increases good cholesterol in the body and reduces triglycerides.
Obesity is one of the main reasons for elevated levels of triglycerides. When you lose weight, you burn calories and automatically lower your triglyceride levels.
A healthy diet is the key to lowering cholesterol and triglycerides. You need to reduce sugar, refined carbohydrates, and high-calorie foods. Foods you eat include fiber, protein, healthy fats, and low-calorie foods.
Alcohol has been shown to be high in calories and sugar and can cause an increase in triglycerides. Medical professionals are advised to avoid alcohol altogether or limit their consumption. The same advice applies to cigarettes.
Control high triglycerides with drugs
In some cases, lifestyle changes are not enough to reduce high levels of triglycerides, doctors prescribe medications to reduce the levels. Includes some of the common medicines:
- Fish oil
- PCSK9 inhibitor
If you are prescribed medications, you must consume them as prescribed. Remember to eat and exercise healthy with your medication, as they are equally important and can effectively lower high triglycerides.
What are the complications of high levels of triglycerides?
High levels of triglycerides can cause some serious complications such as coronary heart disease and stroke. Very high triglycerides can also increase the risk of acute pancreatitis. In this condition, the pancreas becomes inflamed, causing severe abdominal pain.
What are the precautions for triglycerides?
Complications and health problems associated with high triglycerides can be avoided / prevented by simple lifestyle changes. Your doctor advises you to be active daily, avoiding high-calorie foods. You may also be advised to stay away from cigarettes and alcohol. If eating or exercising does not reduce the high levels, your doctor may prescribe medication. In most cases, a healthy lifestyle is sufficient to keep triglyceride levels at normal levels.
Triglycerides are important to our body, but they can cause more than a certain number of health problems. If you think, you may have high levels of triglycerides, contact your healthcare provider and ask for a cholesterol test.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
1. Are triglycerides and cholesterol the same?
Triglycerides and cholesterol are two types of fat that circulate in our blood. Triglycerides store excess calories and provide energy to our body, while cholesterol is responsible for building individual cells and hormones. Both are more harmful to us than usual.
2. What does high triglyceride mean?
High triglycerides in the blood increase the risk of heart disease, stroke, obesity, metabolic syndrome, hyperglycemia, high blood pressure, and abnormal cholesterol levels.
3. Is coffee bad for triglyceride counts?
Coffee, especially unfiltered coffee, is thought to contribute to elevated levels of total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c), and triglycerides in the body.
4. Which drink is suitable for triglycerides?
Sweet drinks and drinks have been shown to increase triglyceride levels in the body. According to practitioners, water is the best drink if you want to keep triglycerides at healthy levels. Some studies have also found that green tea also helps lower LDL cholesterol and triglycerides.
5. How can I quickly lower triglycerides?
Triglycerides cannot be lowered immediately. It can only be achieved by consistent exercise, avoiding fatty, calorie-rich foods, consuming more fiber, after a healthy diet, and avoiding coffee.