Type 1 diabetes in children

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Type 1 diabetes can occur in babies, toddlers, or children who may appear in their teens. Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which the child’s body is unable to naturally produce the required levels of insulin. Type 1 diabetes is also known as juvenile diabetes. It is also called insulin-dependent diabetes because it keeps insulin levels within the normal range. Your child may need an insulin injection.

All about type 1 diabetes in children

Type 1 diabetes is a life-changing illness. This is because parents need to make many lifestyle changes to deal with their child’s illness. They need to learn how to give insulin injections and how to regularly monitor their blood sugar levels to keep their children healthy. For children with type 1 diabetes, managing diabetes is critical to improving quality of life while controlling the disease.

What Causes Type 1 Diabetes?

Research is ongoing, but the exact cause of type 1 diabetes in children is not yet known. However, in children with type 1 diabetes, the child’s immune system has been found to accidentally destroy insulin-producing cells. Scientists also believe that type 1 diabetes in children is also caused by genetic factors that contribute to the destruction of insulin-producing cells.

Environmental factors such as viruses can also trigger this process. Several studies have shown that type 1 diabetes follows viral infections such as rubella, mumps, encephalitis, measles, and polio. Type 1 diabetes in children can also be caused by damage to the pancreas.

However, some research is underway to find the exact cause of type 1 diabetes in children, either to prevent the disease or at least reduce the harmful side effects.

What are the symptoms of type 1 diabetes?

The most common symptoms of type 1 diabetes in children are:

  • Increased urination
  • Increased appetite
  • Excessive thirst
  • Irritable bowel
  • Uneven mood
  • Weight loss without trying
  • Headache and nausea
  • Yeast infection
  • The urge to urinate at midnight
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Blurred vision
  • Sudden appearance of bedwetting in children

When do you visit the doctor?

Children cannot always express their problems. Therefore, it is very important to monitor them properly. If you notice any of the above signs or symptoms, you should consult your doctor immediately as diabetes can cause serious organ damage if left unchecked for days.

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What are the risk factors for type 1 diabetes?

Increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes:

  • If you have a family history of illness, or if your parents or siblings have a history of type 1 diabetes, your child can also develop it.
  • Certain genetic factors also contribute to the increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes in children.
  • Age is a major risk factor for developing type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age, but it is common in children of two age groups. One is in the age group of 4-7 years and the other is in the age group of 10-14 years.

What are the treatment options for type 1 diabetes in children?

You can’t expect your child to be so aware, so you should pay particular attention to your child’s diabetes and monitor their sugar content regularly. You should also consult your doctor if necessary. The treatment options for type 1 diabetes in children are:

  • Taking insulin.. There are several types of insulin available on the market, including fast-acting insulin, short-acting insulin, long-acting and ultra-long-acting insulin, and even intermediate-acting insulin. Your child’s doctor will determine the best insulin for your child and prescribe it accordingly.
  • Regular blood glucose monitoring.. There are many readily available blood glucose monitoring devices on the market. The more regularly you test your sugar content, the safer your child will be.
  • Healthy eating. You need to include a healthy diet for your child to maintain a healthy sugar content. Your child’s diet should include many nutritious foods such as fruits, vegetables, lean protein, and whole grains. A nutritionist can help you follow a diet chart depending on the number of carbohydrates in your food.
  • Regular exercise. Motivate your child to exercise more. Children suffering from type 1 diabetes need to be physically active to avoid obesity. With each new activity, your child’s blood sugar level needs to be further monitored.

What are the complications of type 1 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes can damage various organs such as the heart, eyes, and kidneys, nerves, and blood vessels if left untreated for long periods of time. Therefore, it is important to monitor blood glucose levels regularly to avoid some complications of type 1 diabetes in children.

  • Excessive sugar accumulation can cause diabetic neuropathy and nerve damage. This can cause a tingling sensation, especially on the legs. The tingling sensation gradually increases to numbness, pain, and a burning sensation. If blood sugar levels are not controlled on time, it can lead to loss of sensation in your child’s limbs.
  • Type 1 diabetes is a major cause of cardiovascular problems if left undiagnosed and treated. Heart attacks, arterial stenosis, angina, and even children can lead to high blood pressure.
  • Diabetes can have serious effects on the kidneys. Children diagnosed with type 1 diabetes can develop kidney disease if their sugar content is not maintained from the beginning. Diabetes can cause kidney damage (nephropathy) or irreversible kidney disease and may require dialysis or kidney transplantation.
  • Type 1 diabetes in children causes diabetic retinopathy and can cause blindness. If you do not check for diabetes, it can lead to glaucoma and cataracts.
  • Nerve damage or obstruction of blood flow to the feet is a common complication of type 1 diabetes. Failure to control the sugar content of a child can cause serious side effects. Even small cuts can turn into serious infections that lead to amputation of the limbs.
  • Type 1 diabetes can make children more susceptible to mouth and skin infections. Bacterial and viral infections with thirst are common complications.
  • Type 1 diabetes in your child can lead to osteoporosis. Diabetes reduces the normal mineral density of bones and causes some bone-related problems as children grow up.

What are the preventative measures for type 1 diabetes?

Scientists are working on finding ways to prevent this disease. There is no proven way to prevent the outbreak of illness, but it does not prevent your child’s life from being normal. .. Type 1 diabetes can be controlled if it is not cured. Therefore, you should check your child’s blood sugar levels on a regular basis, maintain a healthy diet, and avoid sugar and starchy foods. Don’t panic. Let your child live his life without worry. Do not enforce strict regimens on your child. This can make the child depressed or anxious.


Live a stress-free life so that your children can cope with illnesses like diabetes. Proper and timely monitoring can help your child lead a normal and healthy life despite having type 1 diabetes.

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