Understanding Children’s General Developmental Delay (GDD)


As babies and toddlers grow older, they usually develop basic motor and social abilities such as sitting, turning over, crawling, walking, babbling (making the first speech), speaking, and potty training. ..

Children with developmental delay can take a significant amount of time to develop these skills.

What is General Developmental Delay?

Developmental delay, often known as GDD, is not just “slightly delayed” in the zone of development. Minor or temporary delays in achieving developmental milestones are usually not a source of concern. However, if a child takes longer than other children of the same age to reach a particular developmental milestone in more than one area. When that happens, it is called “general developmental delay.” This refers to infants and preschoolers up to the age of 5 with a delay that lasts at least 6 months. This includes delayed learning to walk and speak, delayed development of coarse and fine motor skills, and impaired social interaction.

What is the type of GDD?

There is 4 kinds Causes of child developmental delay:

Cognitive delay – Cognitive delay refers to impaired intellectual functioning of the child and the overall cognition of the surroundings. Children with cognitive impairment have difficulty learning new subjects. Such children also find it difficult to communicate and play with other children of their age.

Motor delay – Your child’s ability to coordinate various muscles of the body, such as arms, legs, and hands, determines a child’s athletic performance. Infants who are slow to exercise often have difficulty turning over and crawling. Affected children may find it difficult to climb and descend stairs. Children with minor motor delays have difficulty holding toys and objects, brushing their teeth and tying their shoes.

Social, behavioral and emotional delays – Children with neurobehavioral disorders and developmental delay tend to have social, emotional, and behavioral problems. Children in this state usually take longer to fully develop their brains, and as a result, such children may appear to lag behind their peers in terms of learning ability and social interaction. not.

Speech delay – Speech disorders that affect children with oral movements that interfere with speech, such as weakened mouth muscles and problems with tongue and jaw movements. Physiological causes such as brain damage and genetic syndrome are known reasons for this language delay.

What are the symptoms of GDD in children?

The child needs to begin to reach his / her developmental skills at a certain age. Example: The baby begins to roll and can begin related movements 4-5 months, or shortly before or after. But if the baby can’t roll well beyond the defined milestones, can’t raise his head, or doesn’t yet have a “babble”, it can be the first sign of global developmental delay. There is sex.

Here’s a checklist to help you compare your child’s development to normal developmental milestones:

3-4 months:

  • Baby needs to react to loud noises
  • Must imitate the murmuring and sound

7 months:

  • The baby should start reacting to the sound

1 year:

  • Babies should start using simple words like “mom”

2 years:

  • Your baby should be able to speak about 15 words.
  • You need to be able to speak a phrase, usually two words, without imitating or repeating others
  • In general, their needs should be communicated through speech rather than action.

When do you see a doctor?

Few children tend to deviate from their normal developmental range when it comes to achieving certain milestones. In most cases this may not be the cause of concern. However, if your child is unable to perform many of the expected milestones by the expected time frame, it is advisable to consult your child’s expert or Apollo psychologist.

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What Causes GDD in Children?

Factors contributing to developmental delay can be before, during, or even after childbirth. These include:

  • Genetic conditions such as Down’s syndrome
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder with traumatic or shaken child syndrome
  • Metabolic disorder
  • Infection
  • Deprived of food and environment

It may not be possible to identify the cause of the delay.

There are many reasons for delays in walking, crawling, and rolling.

  • Premature birth
  • Genetic conditions such as Down syndrome and muscular dystrophy
  • Poor eyesight and hearing
  • malnutrition
  • Use of alcohol or drugs during pregnancy
  • Physical abuse or neglect
  • Oxygen deficiency during labor

Delayed language and speech development

Language and language problems are the most common type of developmental delay.

Various problems can cause language and language delays, including:

  • Learning disabilities
  • Child abuse or neglect
  • Problems with the muscles that control speech – a disorder called dysarthria
  • Deafness
  • Autism spectrum disorder

What are the treatment options or treatments for GDD?

Underdeveloped children may need several therapies, including speech therapy, physiotherapy, and occupational therapy.

Children with GDD are also given special education that is very common, clear and helpful. Apollo’s doctor or pediatrician can suggest the appropriate treatment options for your child.

How can I prevent GDD?

General developmental delays can be prevented by parents who follow a healthy lifestyle.

Proper prenatal care and early childhood health care are important because some fetal birth defects are associated with developmental delays, emotional and behavioral problems, and learning disabilities.

For example, before a child becomes pregnant, it is important to make sure that maintaining a healthy diet and lifestyle promotes a healthy pregnancy. This reduces your baby’s chances of developing a disability. Have regular health checks during pregnancy and ask your Apollo doctor for tips and guidance on how to improve your health.

Notes from Apollo Hospital / Apollo Group

If your child presents with symptoms of general developmental disability, it is advisable to consult an Apollo pediatrician. Your doctor will give you the best course of action for you and your child.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Is it possible for a child to overcome general developmental delays?

Children can overcome certain challenges posed by GDD, but the effects of this condition may be negligible throughout adulthood. With the help of your Apollo doctor, you can learn how to teach your child to manage these restrictions, and ensure that their lives are not adversely affected by this condition. ..

How common is general developmental disability?

Delayed development is common in children. At least 10-15% of preschool children are said to have developmental delay. However, general developmental retardation is found in only 1-3% of preschool children. These can be identified through regular checks by a doctor or when identified by a parent or kindergarten.

Children with autism may experience developmental delays, which may be due to other factors.

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